However, because it is not heat tolerant, Drummond’s phlox does not usually grow well in southern gardens, except where winters are mild enough for it to be grown as a winter annual for spring bloom. Overall, garden phlox is a tough plant, but powdery mildew is a chronic problem, especially at the end of the bloom season. The symptoms can be so severe that plant growth may become impeded and die. Their stems are lightgreen to reddish brown, terete, and pubescent to glandular-hairy. Growth habit varies as well, from low, mounded sun-lovers, to low spreading woodland phlox with upright flower stems, to strongly upright narrow types. Warm humid conditions favor powdery mildew growth and spread. Spotted phlox has a strongly upright habit, growing 2 to 3 feet tall and only 1 to 2 feet wide. Pink Pyrola. Phlox (Moss) Pickerel Weed. Wild plants usually are magenta to soft purple in bloom. It has very good mildew resistance and is very drought and heat tolerant. Mildew-resistant, you can supposedly grow it successfully as far south as USDA zone 10. There are other differences between the two (explained below), but the size is a good place to start. ‘Emerald Blue’ and ‘Emerald Pink’ are dense, compact growers, with lavender blue and bright pink flowers. This herbaceous perennial in the phlox family (Polemoniaceae) can be found growing in dappled shade in open woods, partially shaded meadows, and along stream banks from Quebec to Florida and west to Texas and the Rockies. Many of these species are also native to the southeast or South Carolina. Pink, purple or white in petal color, this variety is most commonly found in the wild. Be very careful! At the end of the growing season cut back stems of deciduous species, and remove all fallen leaves. Spider mites are the most frequent insect pest, mostly occurring in hot, dry conditions on species that prefer moist soil. They are susceptible to powdery mildew, which is more difficult to combat the hotter it gets outside. Closely related to Carolina phlox and garden phlox, these species sometimes cross naturally in wild. The half-hardy annual group are useful as bedding plants and for growing in containers. Individual flowers are 1 to 1 ½ inches wide, in various shades of blue, violet, lavender, purple and white. Prairie Smoke. Poison Ivy. Often grows wild along stream banks. The evergreen leaves are light green, and when the plant is not in bloom, form a low mat only 3 to 4 inches above the soil. isolated phlox illustration element. The phlox bug lives in the egg stage through winter on dead stems. It has escaped into the wild and can be found in the eastern half of North America plus Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, Utah and Washington state. Aubrieta (False Rock Cress) Plant Profile, 10 Best Full-Sun Perennials for Michigan Gardens, Creeping Plants: What They Are, Examples, Uses, 18 Yellow-Flowering Plants for Your Garden, Landscaping Uses and Care for Maiden Grass. This is a Phlox for shade or partial shade and medium to drier soils. Images Phlox - Professional images and videos of plants and gardens for use in magazines, books, calendars, brochures and other media. Moss phlox is effective for erosion control on slopes once plants have closed together. In South Carolina, annual phlox is should be grown as a cool season annual. ‘Laphammi’ has large, lavender blue flowers, and blooms later than most other varieties. It is intolerant of drought and will need to be watered well during dry spells. A few cultivars are orange. Upright stems, with slender leaves. The fungal disease produces a grayish white coating on the leaves. A mature specimen of Summer Phlox will have some leaves that easily exceed ½" in width, while the leaves of other Phlox spp. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Some flower in spring, others in summer and fall. If the disease continues to spread it may become necessary to spray with a fungicide. It spreads 12 to 18 inches wide. It has lavender blue flowers and is low growing. Summer Phlox usually blooms later than other species in this genus, although its blooming period may overlap with Phlox glaberrima (Smooth Phlox… If spring is prime time for Phlox subulata, then the best time for tall phlox to shine is the summer: It's an old standby for the summer garden, a colorful contributor to your yard's beauty long after many other perennials have petered out. Flowers are sweetly scented and range in color from pink to purple, lavender or white depending on cultivar. It can be distinguished from Carolina phlox by its thinner leaves and reddish spots or streaks along the stem. These perennials are tall enough to be inserted into the middle or back row of a bed of mixed perennials without getting lost. Others may take a little more searching to find, but are well worth the trouble. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Low needle-like leaves in mats. This perennial Phlox is quite rare in the wild, and it is a little challenging to grow. ‘Crimson Beauty’ has bright, rose red flowers. Primrose. If maintaining a particular color is important, self sown seedlings should be removed. In early spring, from February on the coast to early April in the upper Piedmont and mountains, flowers cover the plants so completely that no leaves can be seen. ‘Appleblossom’ has soft pink flowers. Powdery mildew is a common disease of garden phlox ( Phlox paniculata ). ‘John Fanick’ has light pink with a darker eye. Pyrola. floral botanical flower. They can be blue, violet, lavender, pink or white depending on cultivar. The flowers are held in small clusters at the top of the stems, blooming from May near the coast to late June in the mountains, earlier than garden phlox. In South Carolina it is found growing wild in the Piedmont and Midstate, into parts of the Sandhills. After first fall frost, cut plants to 2 inches above ground level and remove old stems and fallen leaves. It grows and flowers best in dappled shade or in morning sun and afternoon shade. Avoid companies that sell wild collected plants. Phlox are grown for their abundant flowering, with most phlox species and cultivars also having a light sweet fragrance. David is a type of tall phlox; it owns bragging rights in my own landscape as the tallest. This plant can form large colonies as the weak stems flop over and root at the nodes. Be sure to follow the cultural recommendations under the Problems section above to avoid mildew problems, particularly when growing the named cultivars. Remember that resistant does not mean immune. Garden phlox is native to the east coast and midwest, growing in the mountains South Carolina. The wild species of is less susceptible to powdery mildew than many cultivars. It is similar in appearance to the species but with brighter flower color. Other common names for it include wild sweet William and wild blue phlox. It is similar to woodland phlox, but is lower growing with oval rather than narrow leaves. Wild Blue Phlox, Phlox divaricata, is a colorful wildflower of early spring sometimes called Sweet William. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. They are found mostly in North America (one in Siberia) in diverse habitats from alpine tundra to open woodland and prairie. While more powdery mildew resistant than garden phlox, spotted phlox can still get the disease. Flowers are fragrant, 1 inch wide in white, red, magenta, lavender, or pink and usually have a lighter-colored “eye” in the center. ‘Bright Eyes’ has light pink flowers with bright pink eyes. It blooms between April along the coast and June in the mountains. ‘Loddon Grove Blue’ is often sold as ‘London Grove Blue’. Numerous species of phlox are grown, with height varying between 3 to 6 inches for moss phlox (Phlox subulata) to 5 feet tall for the taller varieties of garden phlox (P. paniculata). Low growing phlox for sun include hairy phlox and moss phlox. Phlox stolonifera, which also goes by the common names Creeping phlox and Moss phlox, is similar to P. subulata in name only. It will tolerate poor soil, and withstands drought once established. ‘Chattahoochee’ is variously listed as a cultivar of a subspecies of woodland phlox or as a hybrid with downy phlox (. It comes true to type from seed. Leaves are lance shaped, 1 ½ to 4 inches in length. It is moderately mildew resistant. Purple Fringed Orchis. Wild phlox (Phlox divaricata) grows naturally in many areas of the U.S. Also known as woodland phlox, this blooming perennial thrives in suitable sites from South Carolina as far north as Quebec. Within any species, there are cultivars that are more or less susceptible. Spotted phlox (Phlox maculata): Spotted phlox is also known as meadow phlox and wild sweet William, a common name it shares with some other phlox. It is very widely grown and garden plants have also escaped back into the wild. Leaves and stem: Leaves are 1 to 2 inches long and to ½ inch wide, toothless, tapering to a blunt or pointed tip, rounded at the base, and stalkless. It is long blooming, and has good mildew resistance. It is very tolerant of hot humid conditions. Purple Fragrant Raspberry. Carolina phlox will grow throughout the entire state. The phlox bug’s feeding causes white or light green spots on the leaves and buds. It forms an excellent groundcover, spreading by aboveground runners (stolons), and does well growing between other shade loving plants and small bulbs. Natural reseeding can be desirable in natural or wild gardens. It is found growing wild throughout SC primarily in the central and coastal regions, often along roadsides. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. It grows 18 to 20 inches tall. Starting at $3.60 USD. The bloom season is short, but intense and highly valued as one of the earliest flowers. It has moderate mildew resistance. Light fertilization of young plants will encourage growth. Choosing heat tolerant cultivars will also lengthen the season of bloom. Woodland phlox (Phlox divaricata): This shade loving species is also called wild sweet William or wild blue phlox. In this article, we will discuss reasons for phlox yellowing and drying out. Annual phlox prefer sandy soil, with adequate but not excessive moisture. Phlox, a flowering plant in the Polemoniaceae family, is not dangerous to dogs or cats.This evergreen perennial isn't toxic, so even if your pet nibbles on the leaves or flowers, no harm should ensue. 2002 Perennial Plant of the Year. Because there are so many different species and cultivars, and they hybridize freely even in the wild, there is great variation throughout the genus. ‘Blue Ridge’ has violet blue flowers and grows to 6 inches tall. Moss phlox is native to dry, rocky areas in the southeastern mountains. Blooming occurs in early to mid summer. Wild Blue Phlox is rhizomatous and will spread slowly but steadily. Garden phlox (Phlox paniculata): This is by far the best known of the tall phloxes, very commonly grown in perennial borders. Not surprisingly, Phlox subulata functions primarily as a flowering ground cover. You'll often see this spring bloomer blanketing banks with its colorful flowers. Wild blue phlox is a semi- evergreen perennial growing 25–50 cm (10–20 in) tall with opposite, unstalked, hairy leaves 2.5–5 cm (1–2 in) in length and ovate-lanceolate in … Intensia series is a vigorous group bred for heat and humidity tolerance, with a variety of colors. She is sometimes listed as a cultivar of spotted phlox and may possibly be correctly placed in this species or may be a hybrid. It prefers well drained soil, in full sun or some shade, and is heat tolerant. At least 6 hours of sun is needed for best flowering. Because these conditions are typical of South Carolina weather, it is important to take steps to prevent or control the disease. Tall growing phlox should usually be divided at least every 3 years to prevent overcrowding. Phlox have been extremely popular with gardeners and widely grown since their discovery in the late 18th century. Powdery mildew is by far the worst and most common disease of phlox. Woodland phlox grows 12 to 15 inches tall in bloom, with the leaves forming a spreading mat. Cut back the plant by half its height after summer bloom is finished to encourage repeat fall blooming. Although a tiny and attractive insect, the phlox bug nonetheless wreaks havoc on both wild and cultivated phlox, a plant prized for its showy flowers. The leaves of Phlox subulata and tall phlox are so different from each other that one would be hard-pressed to identify them as related species in the absence of their flowers. Resistant cultivars are listed in the species descriptions below. The leaves will eventually turn brown, dry out and drop off. The fragrant flowers come in shades of pale lavender to blue, and occasionally pastel pink or white. But the creators of the "Volcano" series claim that their "Ruby" introduction is the answer for Southern gardeners. I’m sure you’ve seen it. Creeping phlox prefers moist, cool, well-drained soil, high in organic matter. Be sure to provide good air circulation. ‘David’ is an excellent, fragrant white flowered selection from the wild, growing 2 to 3 feet tall. Flowers of wild plants are usually reddish purple. Spotted phlox is best suited for growth in the Piedmont and mountains. It blooms in early spring, about the same time as daffodils, and as hostas begin to emerge. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. It is a good cover for the leaves of earlier floweting spring bulbs. It is vigorous, growing 3 to 4 feet tall, with good mildew resistance, and a long bloom period. Polygala. Phlox (/ ˈ f l ɒ k s /; Greek φλόξ "flame"; plural "phlox" or "phloxes", Greek φλόγες phlóges) is a genus of 67 species of perennial and annual plants in the family Polemoniaceae. Propagation is by cuttings. Also, wild collected plants often do not survive transplanting. Start by choosing species and cultivars that are known to have resistance to powdery mildew. Pitcherplant - Photo Credit: Sophie Seo. ‘Sherwood Purple’ is an excellent cultivar with deep mauve flowers. A few species take the form of shrubs or trees in other parts of the world. Garden phlox prefers fertile, moist, well drained soil, in sun to some afternoon shade. All these colors can also occur in wild plants. It is fragrant and highly mildew resistant. Carolina phlox has an upright growth habit, reaching 2 to 3 feet tall and 1 ½ to 2 feet wide. Tolerance of sun, shade, heat, and soil varies by species. Poppy. It is reputed to be mildew resistant, but trial results confirming this were unavailable. Dry, hot conditions may lead to spider mite infestation. Intensia phlox have rated well for heat tolerance in Georgia, Florida and Texas trials. Flowers are fragrant and held in loose clusters. Purple Giant Hyssop. Hairy phlox is relatively low growing, reaching 12 to 16 inches tall in bloom. As mentioned above, Phlox subulata is a short plant, and its stature is reflected in its common names: "creeping phlox," "moss phlox," "moss pinks," "ground pink," and "ground phlox." Mulch over the plants roots to help conserve soil moisture. The flower lobes are about as long as the tube with indented tips. Wedding phlox flowers are fragrant and pure white with gold stamens in the flower center. Creeping phlox will not tolerate full sun in the south. ‘Robert Poore’ has large heads of brilliant rosy-red to magenta flowers on vigorous 5’ tall plants. Thin the number of stems in the spring to improve air movement through the plant in tall phlox. Surfaces are finely hairy, with short fine hairs along the edges. Leaves are 1 ½ to 2 inches long, semi-evergreen and narrow. While morning sun encourages heavier bloom and denser growth, the plant will not withstand excessive sun. Purple phlox flowers with green leaves. Powdery mildew can severely weaken susceptible phlox cultivars. 2000 Georgia Gold Medal Winner. To keep plants dense and improve appearance, either shear or mow with mower set at high setting after bloom is finished. All these can be confusing at times, since they are shared with other unrelated plants and with a dissimilar phlox. Heat stress will usually cause the plants to die out by early summer, unless they are very heat tolerant cultivars. The fragrant flowers may be magenta, pink, white, lavender, purple or blue, flowering from early to late summer. Unfortunately, many of its cultivars are the most prone to powdery mildew, and cultivar selection is very important for success. Keep plants growing strongly by providing the correct growing conditions for the particular phlox species. It spreads quickly, but will not ever overwhelm other plants or become weedy. Plant taxonomy designates woodland phlox, an herbaceous perennial, as Phlox divaricata. Phlox bugs suck the sap from the leaves, stems, seeds and flowers of the phlox plant, causing leaves to die back and even killing the plant. ‘Natascha’ has large heads of star-like raspberry-pink flowers striped with white on 2 to 2 ½ foot tall stems. Phlox are herbaceous plants most commonly known for making billowing mounds of scented flowers in summer borders. It is closely related to garden phlox (P. paniculata) and spotted phlox (P. maculata). Infected leaves eventually turn yellow and then brown. Propagation is by division in fall or cuttings. Attractive, easily grown, and quite different in appearance from the commonly grown tall phlox species. When purchasing native plants, be sure to buy plants that are nursery grown and propagated. Be sure to maintain soil moisture in summer. ‘Millstream Daphne’ has deep pink flowers with a darker eye. Purple Loosestrife. The native species may grow even taller in ideal growing conditions. Six hours or more of morning sun with some afternoon shade will allow enough light for optimum flowering, while extending bloom time. ‘Delta Snow’ is also an excellent fragrant white flowered cultivar that has done particularly well in trials in Georgia. ‘Fuller’s White’ is an excellent white flowered cultivar. Wild Phlox Leaves and Stems. It has good mildew resistance. ‘Coral Eyes’ has pastel pink flowers with bright coral pink eyes. Some phlox, particularly garden phlox and moss phlox, are garden center staples. ‘Miss Lingard’ is listed above under Carolina phlox. Enemies of the Wild Blue Phlox The Wild Blue Phlox is susceptible to some diseases and insect pests. It is best to only choose cultivars recommended by reliable southeastern sources. It is native to the South Carolina mountains and usually seen along stream banks and moist roadsides. Examine the leaves, which should measure 1 to 2 inches long and 1/2-inch wide across a rounded base. It's easy to distinguish between these two types, as P. subulata stays short, while P. paniculata is a tall kind. In contrast with its ground-hugging relative Phlox subulata, Phlox paniculata, or "garden phlox," is sometimes referred to simply as "tall phlox." Phlox family (Polemoniaceae) Description:Thisperennial wildflower has fertile shoots about 1-1½' tall andinfertile shoots that are less than 1' tall. CAUTION: Do not collect native wildflowers from natural areas, as this can lead to their eradication in the wild. Carolina phlox often flowers intermittently until the first fall frosts. Most phlox can be propagated by division or cuttings, and this will maintain the original variety true to type. watercolor background illustration set. There are numerous cultivars with colors ranging from white to pale, medium and hot pink; lavender, pale blue, magenta, and striped flowers with a combination of colors. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. It is an attractive variety, both from a distance and up close where the striped detail can be seen. Landscaping enthusiasts who live in hot climates have, consequently, felt cheated when it comes to growing perennial tall phloxes (although Phlox drummondii is an annual wildflower in Texas). Phlox subulata has needle-like leaves, some of which remain green throughout the winter. As you can imagine, this makes it a valued plant among those looking for a continuous sequence of bloom. It is also commonly referred to as Blue Phlox, Woodland Phlox, or … Generally, the low growing species are more resistant, while the tall growers are more likely to have problems. David Beaulieu is a garden writer with nearly 20 years experience writing about landscaping and over 10 years experience working in nurseries. Flowers vary in color from lavender to pink to white. Stem cutting can be taken in early summer. Hairy Phlox (Phlox amoena): This phlox is native to the southeastern US. Never use overhead irrigation from sprinklers or hand watering. Woodland phlox is also taller than creeping phlox. While most phlox have green leaves, some have variegated foliage with creamy white or yellow margins. It is typically a woodland species, so it likes some shade in the garden. There are dozens of cultivars available of garden phlox and they vary widely in mildew resistance. Avoid crowding and thin plants to 4 to 5 strong stems in spring. ‘Magnificence’ is a tall selection, reaching 3 to 4 feet tall. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. The plant has opposite leaves and the leaves are entire, meaning that the […] Don't let the "pink" label fool you: This perennial does come in other colors. ‘Alpha’, ‘Omega’ and ‘Delta’ are a series often advertised as mildew resistant. It is a healthy, vigorous plant, but is not more fragrant than the species or other cultivars. Shade will cause plants to thin out, and they will not tolerate excessive moisture. Wild blue phlox is a native woodland phlox (though introduced to New England) with sticky-hairy leaves and delicate, fragrant, lavender flowers that attract hummingbirds and butterflies in April and May. Bloom time varies from early spring while daffodils are blooming to mid-to-late summer. Some cultivars have flowers with multiple colors, often with a contrasting eye zone or petal edge. Carolina Phlox (Phlox carolina): Native to a wide area throughout the southeast, Carolina phlox is also native throughout South Carolina, growing in deciduous woods, forest edges and clearings, and along roadsides. Plants grow 10 to 14 inches tall. This plant, also sometimes is ref… Astoria series are very heat tolerant, with colors including white, pink, lavender, magenta and red. All are tough plants that thrive in sun and tolerate drought once established. 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