Naipaul dedicated his A House for Mr. Biswas (1961) to her. Ele negou que a poesia de T. S. Eliot o teria influenciando “minimamente”. Aos 20 anos, Naipaul expôs uma espécie de credo, numa conversa com Patricia Hale, no registro de Patrick French: “Ele era um espectador, livre do jogo emancipatório, que não aspirava reformar a raça humana. He is known for his comic early novels set in Trinidad, his bleaker novels of alienation in the wider world, and his vigilant chronicles of life and travels. [7] In 1932, the year Naipaul was born, his father joined the staff as the Chaguanas correspondent. Por três anos — dos 7 aos 10 anos. — From, "A Prologue to an Autobiography" (1983). Patricia Ann Hale Naipaul (1955–96, her daith) Nadira Khannum Alvi Naipaul (1996–present) Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul , TC (born 17 August 1932; deed 11 August 2018), wis a Trinidadian Nobel Prize -winnin Breetish writer kent for his comic early novelles set in Trinidad an Tobago , his bleaker later novelles o the wider warld, an his autobiografical chronicles o life an travels. They married in 1955. [61] The book took two years to write, its scope widening with time. [80], During his first trip to Argentina, in 1972, [56] Its language was allusive and ironic, its overall structure whimsical. A reputação literária de Borges, apesar de o escritor não ter recebido o Nobel, só cresce. In late 1964, Naipaul was asked to write an original script for an American movie. A história é contada, de maneira detalhada, na biografia de Patrick French. [45] In this circle was the wealthy second Baron Glenconner, father of novelist Emma Tennant and owner of estates in Trinidad, who arranged for an unsecured loan of £7,200 for Naipaul. He was saved by his friendship with an Englishwoman named Patricia Hale, which blossomed into a romance. [44], That changed when Naipaul was introduced to Antonia Fraser, at the time the wife of conservative politician Hugh Fraser. [51] Not everyone was happy about receiving help and not everyone benefited. The same year he got married to a Pakistani journalist, Nadira Khannum Alvi. The New York Times said about the book: "The sketches are written lightly, so that tragedy is understated and comedy is overstated, yet the ring of truth always prevails."[19]. "[33], In 1962, Naipaul and Pat went to India, the land of Naipaul's ancestors, where Naipaul wrote An Area of Darkness. Naipaul died at his home in London on 11 August 2018. In 1989, he was awarded the Trinity Cross, Trinidad and Tobago's highest national honour. Novelist Trinidadian-born, of Indian descent, Naipaul's father was a journalist, giving him an early appreciation of reading and writing. [50][48] Balancing the present time is Frankie's less disordered, though comfortless, memory of 20 years before. He was married to Nadira Khannum Alvi and Patricia Ann Hale. In June 1953, Naipaul and Hale graduated from Oxford. He received a knighthood in Britain in 1990, and in 2001, the Nobel Prize in Literature. [21] These sketches became the inspiration for The Suffrage of Elvira, a comic novella about a rural election in Trinidad. He accepted an invitation to write a monthly "Letter from London" for The Illustrated Weekly of India. Na página 430 da biografia, Patrick French registra uma opinião do autor de “Uma Casa Para o Sr. Biswas”, devidamente aspeadas, sobre as mulheres: “Começa a me aborrecer muito a tendência da alma feminina à tragédia e ao drama e estou convencido, cada vez mais, de que as mulheres são mentalmente triviais, incapazes de analisar suas razões, inclusive de entendê-las. Naipaul graduated with a second-class degree. Associated With. And I benefited from the fellowship of the room that afternoon. [26] In the novel the title character Mohun Biswas takes a succession of vocations (apprentice to a Hindu priest, signboard painter, grocery store proprietor, and reporter for The Trinidad Sentinel). [70] The events unfolding along the car trip and the conversation during it become the means of exploring these themes. [3] He was the second child of Droapatie Capildeo and Seepersad Naipaul, and had a Hindu upbringing. V. S. Naipaul esteve na Argentina, em 1972, e foi apresentado ao poeta e prosador pelo ítalo-americano Norman Thomas di Giovanni. [23] The C&CA was to be the setting for Naipaul's later novel, Mr Stone and the Knights Companion (1963). [49] The main character is an American named Frankie who affects the mannerisms of Frank Sinatra. In a year I had not learned acceptance. [46] Naipaul and Pat bought a three-floor house on Stockwell Park Crescent.[47]. [83], In 1995, as he was traveling through Indonesia with Gooding, his wife Patricia was hospitalized with cancer. [4] In the 1880s, his grandparents had migrated from India to work as indentured labourers on the sugar plantations. [42] Naipaul's books had received much critical acclaim, but they were not yet money makers. [17] He worked at odd jobs and borrowed money from Hale and his family in Trinidad. T he Nobel Prize for literature has gone to someone who deserves it. Num livro de 800 páginas, “El Mundo Es Así — La Biografía Autorizada Del Premio Nobel V. S. Naipaul” (Duomo Ediciones, 796 páginas, tradução de Ramón de España), de Patrick French, a respeito de um escritor dos séculos 20 e 21, o nome do irlandês James Joyce não é mencionado nenhuma vez. [61], The Loss of El Dorado is an attempt to ferret out an older, deeper history of Trinidad, one preceding its commonly taught history as a plantation colony of slaves and indentured workers. The Roman Villa at Woodchester, Gloucestershire Booklet, There were two postcards of Gloucester inside. In particular, Caribbean politicians, such as Michael Manley and Eric Williams weighed in, the latter writing: "V. S. Naipaul's description of West Indians as 'mimic men' is harsh but true ..."[60], Back in London in October 1966, Naipaul received an invitation from the American publisher Little, Brown and Company to write a book on Port-of-Spain. In January 1955, he and Pat were married. [18], Naipaul moved to London in 1954. 154", The Overcrowded Barracoon and Other Articles, The Return of Eva Peron and the Killings in Trinidad, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=V._S._Naipaul&oldid=990675881, Fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Fellows of the Royal Society of Literature, Alumni of Queen's Royal College, Trinidad, British people of Indo-Trinidadian descent, Trinidad and Tobago emigrants to the United Kingdom, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Nobelprize template using Wikidata property P8024, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 21:46. [62] Central to Naipaul's history are two stories: the search for El Dorado, a Spanish obsession, which in turnis pursued by the British, and the revolution of lofty ideals breaking out in South America. In 1939, when he was six years old,[5] Naipaul's family moved in with them {who?] He was born on August 17, 1932 and was married to Patricia Ann Hale between the years 1955 and 1996. O Nobel de Literatura teve uma amante argentina, com a qual tinha uma relação sadomasoquista, e escreve que argentinos são experts em sexo anal, V. S. Naipaul e sua amante argentina Margaret Murray: ficaram quase 20 anos juntos. Na verdade, o escritor reconhecia a grandeza — apesar de ter dito que não soubera percebê-la — do escritor que era tão ou quase tão inglês quanto Naipaul (e os americanos Henry James e T. S. Eliot). [68] Young, idealistic, expatriate whites are attracted to these countries, seeking expanded moral and sexual freedoms. Diana Athill, an editor at the publishing company André Deutsch, read Miguel Street and liked it, but publisher André Deutsch thought a book of short stories by an unknown Caribbean writer unlikely to sell profitably in Britain. [24], The Mystic Masseur was awarded the John Llewellyn Rhys Prize in 1958, and Miguel Street the Somerset Maugham Award in 1961 with W. Somerset Maugham himself approving the first-ever selection of a non-European for the prize. [82] He moved between both women for the next 24 years. That was the atmosphere I was writing in. Adrift and -depressed, Naipaul met a slim, pretty undergraduate, Patricia Hale, who was reading his-tory at a women's college. Author Joan Didion wrote about his work in The New York Review of Books. Mas creio que quando essa reputação falsa amainar, como tem de suceder, pode ser que também desapareça o que é bom em sua obra’”. Peter Bayley, his Oxford tutor, would later comment that Naipaul "had not quite forgiven us for giving him a second-class degree". [86] He was also made a knight bachelor at the 1990 New Year Honours. [43] Neither India nor the writing of Mr Stone and the Knights Companion, his only attempt at a novel set in Britain with white British characters, had spurred new ideas for imaginative writing. [54] The finished novel broke new ground for him. It was thus in a depleted state, both financial and emotional, that he returned to Britain. V.S. This lively lady, née Patricia Ann Hale, who played a significant role in Naipaul's career, passed away in 1996. The Loss of El Dorado (1969) eventually became a narrative history of Trinidad based on primary sources. Naipaul tells stories which show us ourselves and the reality we live in. He died on August 11, 2018 in London, England. Naipaul on the Arab Spring, Authors He Loathes, and the Books He Will Never Write", "V. S. Naipaul, The Art of Fiction No. Patricia Hale Ann e V. S. Naipaul quando jovens, na Inglaterra; ela era seu porto seguro. [25], For his next novel, A House for Mr Biswas (1961), Naipaul took for inspiration childhood memories of his father (later he wrote that the novel "destroyed memory" in some respects). Uma plantação? The finished version was not to the director's liking and the movie was never made. Education: Attended Queen's Royal College, Trinidad, 1943–48; University College, Oxford, B.A., 1953. In 1974, Naipaul wrote the novel Guerrillas, following a creative slump that lasted several years. The colonial era ends and Africans govern themselves. Nadira Naipaul. When Vidia met her in February 1952, Patricia Hale was a slim, small undergraduate with a kind, pretty face. Sem deixar de ser argentino, como Naipaul jamais deixou de ser um indiano de Trinidad e Tobago. “Naipaul deduzia que os homens argentinos se viam ‘apequenados’ por sua aparente preferência por sexo anal.” Não com homens, e sim com mulheres. Copy this code and place into your web page View V. S. Naipaul stories He was no longer identified, he felt, with a special ethnic group as he had been in Trinidad and England; it made him anxious. As duas mulheres amaram Naipaul. by David Pryce-Jones. Soon, the memoirs take on a more personal aspect. "[74] The Committee added: "Naipaul is a modern philosopher carrying on the tradition that started originally with Lettres persanes and Candide. (…) Seu eixo moral não era o da cultura europeia branca, nem o da cultura hindu pré-islâmica nem o de nenhuma outra cultura ao seu alcance: esse eixo era interno, era ele mesmo”. [48] Frankie has links to the island from having served there during World War II. [14] He called his impulsive trip "a nervous breakdown". [64] Naipaul had hoped to write a blockbuster, one relieving him of future money anxieties. On finishing school in Trinidad, he won a scholarship to study at Oxford University, where he met his future wife, critic and editor of his works, Patricia Ann Hale. [51] He had tried to help his poor friends by giving away the ample U.S. Army supplies he had. É provável que, de alguma forma, o conservadorismo de Borges tenha lhe agradado. [55] It did not unfold chronologically. Preencha seu email abaixo para receber atualizações diárias de nossos artigos. [61] Alfred A. Knopf agreed to publish it instead in the United States, as did André Deutsch later in Britain. Here and there, interrupting the straight line of the beach, were the trunks of trees washed up by the sea. They tied the knot in 1955 and stayed married till Ann Hale’s death in 1996 from cancer. As duas lhe deram energia suficiente para escrever uma literatura de alta qualidade. The emergency was over. From the mangrove swamps channels ran to the ocean between sand banks that were daily made and broken off, as neatly as if cut by machines, shallow channels of clear water touched with the amber of dead leaves, cool to the feet, different from the warm sea. [13] In April 1952, he took an impulsive trip to Spain, where he quickly spent all he had saved. Pat Hale era seu porto seguro, de quem dependia para quase tudo. Naipaul, V.S. [50] He revisits reluctantly when his ship anchors during a hurricane. Without that fellowship, without the response of the three men who read the story, I might not have wanted to go on with what I had begun. [65] They had travelled in rural Uganda to the Kisoro District on the south-western border with Rwanda and the Congo. Online version is titled "The strangeness of grief". V. S. Naipaul Biographical Naipaul is Truly a Nobel Man in a Free State. Se expandiu suas ideias, o escritor não as mudou no básico. Brutality is not the only difficulty. Naipaul continued to write non-fiction works, his last being The Masque of Africa: Glimpses of African Belief (2010), written following the author's trips to Africa in 2008–09. VS Naipaul Popularity . [22] In 1957, Naipaul became an editorial assistant at the Cement and Concrete Association (C&CA), his only full-time job. The book consumed Naipaul. [57] It had strands of both fiction and non-fiction, a precursor of other Naipaul novels. In a vigilant style, which has been deservedly admired, he transforms rage into precision and allows events to speak with their own inherent irony. Husband of Patricia Ann (Hale) Naipaul — married 10 Jan 1955 in Willesden, Middlesex, England Husband of [private wife (1950s - unknown) ] [children unknown] [61] In the end, the finished product was not to the liking of Little, Brown, who were expecting a guidebook. [40], Naipaul had spent an overwrought year in India. In the late 19th century, Naipaul's grandparents had emigrated from India to work in Trinidad's plantations as indentured servants. O seu endereço de e-mail não será publicado. With Hale's support, he began to recover and gradually to write. Naipaul was accused of misogyny, and of having committed acts of "chronic physical abuse" against his mistress of 25 years, Margaret Murray, who wrote in a letter to The New York Review of Books: "Vidia says I didn't mind the abuse. Nadira Naipaul, Patricia Hale, Margaret Gooding: Facts About VS Naipaul’s Wives, Partners. After the book was completed, they travelled to Trinidad and Canada with a view to finding a location in which to settle. [70] The young, engrossed in narrow preoccupations, are uncomprehending of the dangers that surround them. The freelancers' room was like a club: chat, movement, the separate anxieties of young or youngish men below the passing fellowship of the room. After having been born in Chaguanas in Trinidad and Tobago, Naipaul went on to study in England. [34][35] For the first time in his life, he felt anonymous, even faceless. Quando jovem, o escritor foi aluno de J. R. R. Tolkien, o autor de “O Senhor dos Anéis”, em Oxford. The world Naipaul sees is of course no void at all: it is a world dense with physical and social phenomena, brutally alive with the complications and contradictions of actual human endeavour. ... India had not worked its magic on me. I set myself to walk to one tree, then to the other. O escritor as amou? In Patrick French's biography, Naipaul recounts his domestic abuse towards Margaret: "I was very violent with her for two days with my hand...She thought of it in terms of my passion for her...My hand was swollen. I had learned my separateness from India, and was content to be a colonial, without a past, without ancestors. He met Patricia Ann Hale, a fellow student in Oxford at a college play in 1952. He was awarded the Trinity Cross in 1990. [59] The plot, to the extent there is one, centres on a protagonist, Ralph Singh, an East Indian-West Indian politician from Isabella. [69] The old settlers, unsentimental, sometimes brutal, can show compassion. Campos obrigatórios são marcados com *. [63] He had been especially unhappy with the increasing public animosity, in the mid-1960s, towards Asian immigrants from Britain's former colonies. Her family was hostile to the relationship; his was unenthusiastic. In 1953, Naipaul's father died. They are rootless, their bonds with the land tenuous; at the slightest danger they leave. The short winter was fading fast; it was no longer pleasant to sit out in the sun; the dust would not now be laid until the monsoon. [45] Fraser introduced Naipaul to her social circle of upper-class British politicians, writers, and performing artists. Lonely and unsure of his ability and calling, he became depressed. Os dois mantinham uma relação sadomasoquista, da qual extraíam imenso prazer sexual (se encontraram por quase 20 anos). His breakthrough novel A House for Mr Biswas was published in 1961. [69] The old are knowledgeable, armed, and ready to defend themselves. sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFNaipaul1987 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFFrench2008 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFNaipaul1967 (. "[81] French writes that the "cruelty [for Naipaul] was part of the attraction". He revealed his affair to his wife one year after it began, telling her that he had never been sexually satisfied in their relationship. [1] When The Mimic Men was published, it received generally positive critical notice. Postcards of Gloucester inside to write a novel magic on me, that returned...: ‘ me perguntou de onde eu procedia respeito do qual Naipaul disse não percebido! Man in a Free State in 1971.He won the Jerusalem Prize in 1971 his! 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