This theory proposes three main assumptions when it comes to learning with multimedia [2]: There are two separate channels (auditory and visual) for processing information (sometimes referred to as Dual-Coding theory); (Download the dual coding poster right here). Students can draw on it to associate the text with images. The example of dual coding above was taken from a blog post by one of my favourite educational bloggers Blake Harvard. I have blogged previously about how I use this technique in my classroom, you can read that post here. Check out the different widget types that can be used for dual coding. The timeline serves as visual support so... 3. To make it harder, you can also just give them the images. Traditional theories of memory suggest that the speed with which we are presented with stimuli or the extent to which we make meaningful connections among them are what determines later ability to retrieve items from memory. For anyone unfamiliar with the term dual coding the Learning Scientists, a group of cognitive psychological scientists interested in research on education, define dual coding as: “The process of combining verbal materials with visual materials. The work of Oliver Caviglioli, former Headteacher turned information designer, has also been incredibly helpful, informative and insightful in regards to dual coding. That’s why teaching your students the effective learning strategies is a must for all teachers. I have already praised and shared the work of the Learning Scientists but another blog I discovered by Learning Scientist Megan Sumeracki was Dual Coding: Can there be too much of a good thing? Learning styles-based instructional practices are common in educational environments despite a questionable research base, while the use of dual coding is less ubiquitous, and thus measured examination of the two methods has implications for practical application. The psychological research I have been exploring lately is called "Dual Coding Theory." Some students have fully embraced this study strategy whereas others don’t like it. We design, develop and host learning management systems and web conferencing systems based on open-source standards for healthcare organizations looking to outsource or co-source their eLearning program. It can be argued that Dual Coding is a teaching and learning strategy that teachers have been using for years and years. A great introduction for teachers to dual coding, with a clear explanation focusing on dual coding and memory, is a blog post by Rufus Johnstone that you can read here. There is a wealth of information, useful visual resources ( as shown below) and a great video explanation and discussion about dual coding that can all be found on his website www.olicav.com. Let your students find some images in their course material and let them examine how the words are describing what’s in the image. I am a regular reader of the blog posts written by Tom Johns and this post does exactly what the title states – 20 ideas & strategies for Student Led Dual Coding. Insert some lines with a descriptive text, insert audio or video fragments that support your image or text, and explain it more in detail. Back in 1971, Canadian researcher, Allan Paivio, formulated his dual coding theory. Some of the ideas shared in the post you may already be familiar with such as mindmaps, diagrams, Pictionary and Venn diagrams. Timelines. I liked the examples and practical tips included in this post as to how dual coding can support and enhance teacher explanation, which Rufus also discussed in his blog too. This is a perfect example of visual learning to be sure, and, more specifically, using “Dual-Coding” as a learning strategy. Rather than trying to cram in lots of different information, simplify as much as possible. Then, maybe on a test, your students get an editable timeline and need to recall their knowledge. Other strategies could be new to you, to try in your classroom or share with your students. Below is the sketch by Caviglioli when he attended my recent session at ResearchEd Dubai. Check it out and click on the “star” icon to use stickers. How does the image represent the text? Now your students just have to look at the images and explain in their own words what they mean. In developing this theory, Paivio used the idea that the formation of mental images aids learning. Many thanks, I love it and I would like to apply to my lessons Dual Coding . Moving forward I will continue to learn more about dual coding and reflect on my classroom practice using this strategy. What is dual coding? Choose from over 40 Head of Geography and author Mark Enser has written a very useful article for the TES entitled Why every teacher should be using dual coding in the classroom. your students that it might help to draw something with your explanations. Richard Mayer and Richard Anderson wanted to extend that idea to look at how verbal and visual information is processed when someone learns something new. The Dual Coding Theory of memory was initially proposed by Paivio (1971) in order to explain the powerful mnemonic effects of imagery that he and others had uncovered, but its implications for cognitive theory go far beyond these findings. This is the basis for Mayer’s cognitive theory of multimedia learning. The dual coding learning strategy is all about using different learning materials in order to learn better. Check out these two lesson examples below about “the guitar” using the dual coding learning strategy. This research led to the dual coding as a learning strategy. The timeline serves as visual support so students know how events succeed each other. Firstly, the book is a great example of how complex and perhaps difficult concepts and content can be made easier to understand when supported and combined with relevant visuals. Timelines can also be used in other subjects, for example, I have seen impressive timelines used in English Literature and Drama illustrating the chronological order of events of a plot using both visuals and text. For example, having students create sketchnotes of … Use it to create a storyline so students can remember better. In linear algebra terms, the dual code is the annihilator of C with respect to the bilinear form ⋅ .The dimension of C and its dual always add up to the length n: ⁡ + ⁡ ⊥ =. Memorizing knowledge is still necessary. Tap on a guitar to listen to its sound. Finally, another blog written by a classroom teacher that I enjoyed reading was written by teacher Ian Taylor entitled Dual Coding – A Concrete Example that you can read here. In this case, they get some titles. Quiz widget. Product names, logos, brands, and other trademarks featured or referred to within the bookwidgets.com website are the property of their respective trademark holders. Whilst it may seem a simple strategy there is more to it than combining writing and drawing. For example, Dual Coding Theory applies when creating explainer videos using mysimpleshow because of the … In essence, as new input enters the brain, it's stored in short term memory in two distinct categories. Here’s the fixed timeline version. 7 Dual coding examples using BookWidgets 1. Theory that an input represented in memory as a word and a picture is more readily recalled than a … The more intricate details of Dual Coding Theory are beyond our scope here, but the core idea is very simple and intuitive. This applies to so many facets of life, but let’s take one decision everyone has to make at some point: choosing a career. Use a split whiteboard widget to introduce a theoretical text. Visual … No discussion of cognition and learning would be complete without at least a brief mention of two of the main theories behind cognition in learning. Then do it the other way around. A timeline places important events in the right order. You are probably already using dual coding in your classroom. Cartoons. I know, that’s not always easy. During another presentation, I was sat next to him and it was amazing to watch him do this live! Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Research and Resources for every classroom. This digital exercise is the perfect fit when it comes to visual learning. The second lesson example combines images with audio. To find out more about dual coding there are a vast amount of useful, interesting and insightful blog posts available to read online that I have listed below. I also liked the glossary of key terminology too. I like how Harvard introduces a new strategy, communicates with other educators to seek feedback then reflects on this. The memory emphasis evolved into broader ... For example, one Brunian method combined (a) ... learning and memory are at the heart of educational goals. There are a few ways to begin integrating dual coding into your classroom. Dual coding theory (DCT) sees this view as over-simplistic, instead arguing that the modality via which information is processed is of lasting significance to whether it is remembered o… A timeline places important events in the right order. I love it and I would like to apply to my lessons . This book isn’t specific to dual coding but learning in general, as dual coding is just one example of a research-based method that helps students learn. In this episode for students, we briefly recap how students can use spacing and retrieval practice. Dual coding theory 1. A third way to use the timeline widget is to just give your students several dates or topics on the timeline to which they have to add an image and an explanation. Use pictures (the tiles) and video to visualize difficult definitions, subjects, terms, tutorials, explainer videos, processes, and topic introductions. Think about using a bingo game, a pair matching exercise, the spot-the-difference widget, the frame-sequence widgets and many more. For example, the brain will use a different representation for the word “car” than it does for an image of a car. In essence, as new input enters the brain, it's stored in short term memory in two distinct categories. 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