Digitaria setigera was initially treated as indigenous to the Kermadec Islands by Cheeseman (1888, 1906, 1925) and Oliver (1910). & F.W. These species often become problem weeds in lawns and gardens, growing especially well in thin lawns that are watered lightly, under-fertilized, and poorly drained. ... Digitaria setigera East Indian crabgrass Digitaria setivalva crabgrass Digitaria … Rendle Digitaria setigera var. Digitaria setigera Roth Accepted Name Itchy crabgrass Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Digitaria > Digitaria setigera Roth C.E.Hubb. It was Sykes (1977, p. 166–167) as D. pruriens (Trin.) Kermadec Islands Flora. based on tuberculosis. New Zealand Threat Classification Series, 22: 1–82. With Appendix: Hepaticopsida (Hepaticae) & Anthocerotopsida by Ella O. Campbell. Büse. Wayside Plants of the Islands – a guide to the lowland Flora of the Pacific Islands. They can be toasted, ground into a flour, made into porridge or fermented to make beer. Beyond the small area of occupancy there are no active threats known from this species, though it may have been lost from Raoul Island. 2: 474 (1817). Name: Sira-bon (Assamese) Mikania micrantha HBK ex Kunth (Poaceae)Vern. Prepared by P.J. (1771) (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Panicoideae. & Schult. comm. The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). (Poaceae)Vern. digitgrass prefer. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Henr.-> Digitaria adscendens (Kunth) Henrard; Digitaria adscendens (H.B.K.) Henrard. Digitus is the Latin word for "finger", and they are distinguished by the long, finger-like inflorescences they produce. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. microbachne (C.Presl) Fosberg Digitaria setosa Desv. ex Ham. Stapf ; Digitaria adscendens (Kunth) Henrard; Digitaria adscendens (H.B.K.) It was Sykes (1977, p. 166–167) as D. pruriens (Trin.) long, or digitate in the smaller plants; racemes 4–15 cm. Cheeseman, T.F. Northern Kermadec Islands where locally common on The Meyers, Herald Islets, Chanters and Napier. Digitaria pruriens (Fisch. Type of Basionym or Protologue Information: India:, Heyne s.n. Digitaria compacta. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. Field and herbarium studies have revealed a greater diversity of Thai Digitaria (Poaceae) than previously known. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. 2017. Name: Japani-lota, Japani-habi (Assamese) Paspalum longifolium Roxb. Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio.They are slender monocotyledonous annual and perennial lawn, pasture, and forage plants; some are often considered lawn pests. Brit. They are slender monocotyledonous annual and perennial lawn, pasture, and forage plants; some are often considered lawn pests. Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio. Digitaria microbachne (J. Presl) Henr. Digitaria setigera Roth ex Roem. Accessions: 2 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System ... Digitaria setigera Roth. December 2013). Digitaria setigera Roth [family POACEAE] ... 3–25 cm. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. Edgar, E and H.E. Inflorescence of 3–15 racemes arranged on a common axis 1–6 cm. Presented here is summary information about the species Digitaria setigera from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed.Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction .For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org. ... Homonyms Digitaria bicornis (Lam.) 1906. Upper floret; lemma ≈ spikelet, glabrous, acuminate, yellowish or light brown (amber) at maturity; palea ≈ lemma, similar in texture and shape; anthers 1.0‒1.3 mm; stigmas brown; cayopsis c.1.5 mm, oblong. Scientific Name: Samoan Name: Common Name: Photo: TSN: Park Status: Abundance: Residency: Nativity: Axonopus compressus : broadleaf carpetgrass : 41465 : Present in Park The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Racemes 3‒5, 35‒100 mm, slender, compressed, digitate or spreading; rachis 3-angled, winged, 0.3‒0.8 mm widfe, scabrid on angles, short-hairy at base. Merr. D. ciliaris is an annual grass, typically decumbent, rooting at the nodes and spreading to form untidy patches up to 1 m across and 50 cm high, although under crowded conditions it will grow more erect with culms up to 1 m high. Whistler, W.A. Veldkamp, J.F. Connor 2010. Whistler pers. Not accepted according to {resource_name} (other, see comments) ... Common Names. Culm 0.1‒0.45(‒1.0) m, ascending-erect or floppy, internodes glabrous. & Schult. Sykes, W.R. 1977. & Schult. Preferred Scientific Name Digitaria sanguinalis Linnaeus (Scop.) spec. Sorting Digitaria Names Species on this page ( A = names approved by most authorities, s = approved as synonyms) : Digitaria abyssinica (Hochst. ex A. Leaf-blade 35‒100 × 2‒7 mm, light green, dark green, often glaucescent, soft, linear tapering to long, finely pointed tip, surfaces finely hairy, ribs and margins scabrid. Recorded from Raoul Island but not confirmed from there recently. marattensis (Henrard) Bor Panicum adpressum Forssk. A similar example in a Common Name search is Virginia snakeroot. ... Common names (Digitaria) (Select a common name … English. Description Top of page. de Lange P.J., Rolfe J.R., Barkla J.W., Courtney S.P., Champion, P.D., Perrie, L.R., Beadel S.M., Ford K.A., Breitwieser I., Schönberger I., Hindmarsh-Walls R., Heenan P.B., and K. Ladley 2018. Roem. (Year at time of access): Digitaria setigera Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). Digitaria setigera. Edgar, E.; Connor, H.E. Digitaria (Poaceae, Englerian circumscription) - index of taxa : Taxon (links to FLAS catalog) Common Name: Search other Florida herbaria : Digitaria [species indet.] 2nd ed. Digitaria setigera Nodes and leaves at Kipahulu LZ Haleakala National Park, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. The examples and perspective in this article, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Checklist of grasses in Namibia, Part 3", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digitaria&oldid=986895799, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with limited geographic scope from January 2014, Pages in non-existent country centric categories, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 16:56. Spikelets 2.5‒3.5 mm, paired, lanceolate, long-acute, laterally with fine acute-tipped hairs. Indigenous. New Zealand Journal of Botany 25: 343–353. Digitaria bicornis is a stout annual grass, up to 1 m tall, with glaucous green leaves, glabrous sheath, or stiff, milky-based, tubercle-like hairs, up to 15 cm long, also with hair. Leaves are rolled in the bud and more numerous at the base. Please cite as: de Lange, P.J. Classification. Büse who first treated this grass as naturalised, though his comments about it being suited to long distance avian dispersal, its close association on the Kermadec Islands with sea bird nesting sites and other general comments … Seeds dispersed by sea birds, gravity and water. Digitaria bicornis Roem. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org The seeds are edible most notably those of fonio (Digitaria exilis and Digitaria iburua), Digitaria sanguinalis, as well as Digitaria compacta. var. On the Kermadec Islands flowering may occur throughout the year, On the Kermadec Islands fruiting may occur throughout the year. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Digitaria stewartiana Bor. horizontalis (Willd.) tahitiensis Henrard, 1950 Digitaria reflexa Schumach. 1925. Often found around the nests of Kermadec petrel (Pterodroma neglecta) and Tasman booby ( Sula dactylatra tasmani). Authority. Plantae: Digitaria sanguinalis f. intercedens (Beck) Soó: synonym for Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. India 7: 16. Collected once sometime between 1838 and 1840 (possibly as a genuinely naturalised occurrence) from the Bay of Islands, North Island, New Zealand. Büse var. f., Fl. Digitaria setigeraRoth ex Roem. Government Printer, Wellington. microbachne (J. Presl) Fosberg. 1995. A revision of Digitaria Haller (Gramineae) in Malesia. 1910. The voids then become prime areas for the crabgrass seeds to germinate the following season. 2000: Flora of New Zealand. 1896. Checklist of Panicoid grasses naturalised in New Zealand; with a key to native and naturalised genera and species. 1973. Plantae: Digitaria sanguinalis f. umbraticola Henrard, pro syn. On the flora of the Kermadec Islands: with notes on the fauna. Henr. Digitaria horizontalis var. Rich.) Leaf-sheath folded, ribbed, light green to dark green, sometimes glaucescent or darkly maroon pigmented, bearing long, fine, spreading, tubercle-based hairs. The leaves are up to 25 cm long and 1 cm wide. Despite this view, Pacific flora and grass treatments and view points of botanists studying that region, notably including Sykes himself when question in 2013, regard this grass as indigenous to tropical Asia, Malesia, the Pacific Islands and northern Australia, and significantly with respect to the Kermadec Islands, also the nearby Norfolk Island group, so its presence on the Northern Kermadec Island group is not incompatible with it being indigenous there (Green 1994, Whistler 1995; Edgar & Connor 2010; R. O. Gardner, W.R. Sykes & W.A. Name. Digitaria is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and warm temperate regions but can occur in tropical, subtropical, and cooler temperate regions as well. ex Trin.) Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio. The prevalent species of Digitaria in North America are large crabgrass (D. sanguinalis), sometimes known as hairy crabgrass; and smooth crabgrass (D. ischaemum). both the name and diagnosis are attributed to Roth, Nov. plant. They are slender monocotyledonous annual and perennial lawn, pasture, and forage plants; some are often considered lawn pests. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Velkamp (1973), who synonymised D. pruriens with D. setigera, included the Kermadec Islands in this species’ natural distribution without further comment. (HT: B; IT: K). The sole New Zealand record noted by Edgar & Connor (2000, 2010) is however, probably a genuine naturalisation stemming from early shipping. setigera: Plantae: Digitaria sanguinalis f. illinoensis Ebinger: synonym for Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. wide. Description adapted from Edgar & Connor (2000). Widespread through tropical Asia, Pacific to French Polynesia and North Australia. Furthermore, a search of "Virginia snake" or even "nia snak" yields one result: Virginia snakeroot. Ilse Botanica, Honolulu, Hawaii. Edgar, E and J.E. Digitaria is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and warm temperate regions but can occur in tropical, subtropical, and cooler temperate regions as well. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Digitaria swalleniana Henrard. Roem. Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants. An annotated checklist. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. Government Printer, Wellington. The seeds germinate in the late spring and early summer and outcompete the domesticated lawn grasses, expanding outward in a circle up to 30 cm (12 in) in diameter. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Vol. Oliver, W.R.B. Paniceae. Büse who first treated this grass as naturalised, though his comments about it being suited to long distance avian dispersal, its close association on the Kermadec Islands with sea bird nesting sites and other general comments about its indigenous status in the ‘Tropical Pacific’ implies that he may also have considered it indigenous there. Blumea 21: 1–80. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln. & Schult. Both leaf surfaces and sheath are densely hairy. Lower glume 0, or reduced to a minute rim or scale c.0.1 mm, upper 0.6‒1.5 mm, c.¼‒(⅓) length of spikelet, 0‒3-nerved, deltoid, obtuse to subacute, glabrous, or with long hairs on margins overtopping glume. Authority: Roth ex Roemer & Schultes. Digitaria setigera Roth – East Indian crabgrass : Species: Digitaria setivalva Stent – crabgrass : Species: Digitaria similis Beetle ex Gould – roadside crabgrass : Species: Digitaria simpsonii (Vasey) Fernald – Isle-of-Pines crabgrass : Species: Digitaria singularis Mez Species: Digitaria swalleniana Henrard – Swallen's crabgrass Annual. It also has decent nutrient qualities as a forage for cattle.[5][6]. Digitaria bicornis (Lam.) — leaf spot Erythrina subumbrans (Hassk.) Welcome to the famous Dave's Garden website. The vegetation of the Kermadec Islands. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/digitaria-setigera/ (Date website was queried), © 2020 New Zealand Plant Conservation Network • Website by RS, Members can view this photo in high resolution, National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank, Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2017, https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/digitaria-setigera/, Project 1 - Pohutukawa, Rata and Myrtaceae, Project 2 - Alpine flora and the Forget-Me-Nots, Project 4 - Podocarps and trees of the forest, Pros and cons of presence/absence surveys. ex Trin.) Digitaria setigera was initially treated as indigenous to the Kermadec Islands by Cheeseman (1888, 1906, 1925) and Oliver (1910). Stems rooting at lower nodes. Digitaria setigera Roth ex Roem. 1888. Despite this Edgar & Shand (1987), Edgar & Connor (2000, 2010) treated Digitaria setigera as naturalised to the Kermadec Islands though without providing any justification for their decision (it is assumed they took advice from W.R. Sykes). Preferred name: Digitaria setigera. Digitaria setigera Roth apud R. & S. (Poaceae)Vern. Digitus is the Latin word for "finger", and they are distinguished by the long, finger-like inflorescences they produce. Flora of New Zealand Volume V Grasses. & Vaughan Digitaria pruriens var. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) Beauv.(Poaceae)Vern. de Lange for NZPCN, 29 May 2020. Not known to be cultivated in New Zealand. In the autumn when the plants die, they leave large voids in the lawn. Shand 1987. porrhantha (Steud.) Annual, weakly caespitose to loosely matted grass forming tufts up to 1 m tall (usually much less). Recognized by USDA PLANTS images, Wikidata, and USDA Plants data. The Plants Database includes the following 70 species of Digitaria . Digitaria setigera has also been reported from Raoul Island but there it has been much confused with the superficially similar D. ciliaris (common on Raoul as an introduced species) and it is not clear if it still present on that island. Lower floret; lemma = spikelet, 5‒7-nerved, nerves inaequidistant, glabrous, outer internerves with long hairs. synonym for Digitaria setigera var. (USF) Digitaria bicornis : Asian crab grass (USF) Digitaria cf. Digitaria setigera : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Digitaria setigera : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. Syst.Veg. [citation needed][7] Crabgrass is quickly outcompeted by healthy lawn grass because, as an annual plant, crabgrass dies off in autumn and needs open conditions for its germination the following spring. The ligule is 4 mm tall; the inflorescence is digitally formed from 3 to … New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Bulletin 219: 1–199. — leaf spot Dioscorea bulbifera L. [bitter yam, soi] Cercospora sp. long, 3–12 mm. For this reason de Lange et al. Other scientific names.