Stem, creeping by stolons producing leafy turfs 15-160 cm high and rooting at the nodes which bear hairs up to 2 mm long. Two Fusarium species, F. oxysporum (53%) and F. solani (47%), were identified based on macroconidia and conidiogenous cell morphology. Biological TypegrassCodeAXOCOHabitatterrestrialLife Formvivacious Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Stems flat, hairy nodes. Broad-leaved carpet grass (Axonopus compressus) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Another close-up showing the adventitious roots of this species. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. Crop science 4; Acta horticulturae 3; Grass and forage science 3; International journal of phytoremediation 3; Journal of ethnopharmacology 3; more Journal » Publication Year. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Axonopus compressus, leaf bottom stem image These controversies stem originally from Beauvois' (1812) diagnosis, in which he himself expressed doubt as to the validity of splitting Axonopus from Milium and in which he cited four species as being representative of the new genus. Ligule … Axonopus compressus and Cyperus kylingia were harvested in a vegetable plot, Ladang 2 of Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia . Furthermore, the three-petalled cow grass spreads across exposed soils relatively quickly via stolons (branching stems) and rhizomes (underground stems). Roots fibrous, white or brown. Erosion control, lawn/turf, forage, weed. Many classifications have been proposed based exclusively on morphological characters. They are native primarily to the tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas with one species in tropical Africa and another on Easter Island. A. compressus and P. conjugatum. The root had better accumulation levels. ITS, morphology, Ophiochloa, phylogeny, trnL-F. Axonopus P. Beauv. 30 (4), 434-440. The amount of antioxidant agents such as phenols and flavonoids were determined in the methanolic extracts of their stem barks. The leaves, however,generally form a dense mat that seldom reaches a height of more than 15cm The leaves, however,generally form a dense mat that seldom reaches a height of more than 15cm[ Comparatively, there were differences in the phytoaccumulations of metal across the plant organs. Toggle facets Limit your search Text Availability. Shallow-rooted stoloniferous and shortly rhizomatous perennial, with glabrous, oval-section (± 3.5 x 2.5 mm) stolon internodes and bearded nodes; forms a dense mat with foliage 15-20 cm tall, and flowering culms mostly 30-45 (-60) cm; can be mowed to a turf. Sheathing base 10-14 cm long. 53-54. Carpet grass, broadleaf; Broadleaf Carpet Grass . The shade-tolerant species Axonopus compressus and Paspalum conjugatum had a higher plant density at the end of the experiment than at the beginning, while less shade-tolerant grasses persisted poorly. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Axonopus compressus and Senna fistula that have been previously reported to be effective in the treatment of haemorrhoids. The stems of Cynodon dactylon, Panicum maximum and Chloris gayana had low flexibility and the stems of Axonopus compressus also had low flexibility when young. Beauv., Ess. trichoglume produced higher DM at moderate shade under both defoliation intervals. Our studies, including both molecular and morphological data, suggest that Axonopus is paraphyletic due to the inclusion of Centrochloa and Ophiochloa. In Africa, the Xhosa tribe made a lotion from Bermuda grass to treat sores and swellings. Weed * Stem. Request PDF | Topography strongly affects drought stress and xylem embolism resistance in woody plants from a karst forest in Southwest China | 1. Culms 15-60 cm tall, nodes pubescent. Boil until reaching one eighth of the initial volume. In the present study, endophytic Fusarium species were isolated from roots of lawn grass (Axonopus compressus). Axonopus compressus and Cyperus kylingia were harvested in a vegetable plot, Ladang 2 of Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. Poaceae. is a largely Neotropical genus distrib-uted from the southern U. S. A. to north and central Argentina, and Uruguay. Carpet grass (Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm.) In fact, these four species differ in respect of the arrangement of their inflorescences and spikelets. BROAD-LEAFED CARPET GRASS Broad-leaved Carpet Grass; Broadleaf Carpet Grass; Milium compressum Sw; Paspalum platycaulon Poir; Paspalum platicaulon orth var Poir sensu Poiret, JLM 1804; Paspalum platycaule orth var FMBailey sensu Bailey, FM 1913; Carpet-grass; Wide-leaved carpetgrass; Broadleaf Carpetgrass; Anastrophus compressus Schltr ex Dll, nom … Leaves. (1812) Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie: 12. Stipules absent. This shallow-rooted species (almost 90% of the roots are at a depth of 0-5 cm) develops short rhizomes and stout stolons with short internodes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Experimental plan: Samples were collected from plots containing experimental plants with different age groups of 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 days as treatment. The response to shade in growth and nutritive quality of buffalo grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) was compared with that of two other stoloniferous grasses, mat grass (Axonopus compressus) and kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum). Nada Y, 1985. They have a self-supporting growth form. Axonopus compressus (broad-leaved carpet grass) growing in a garden and showing the prostrate (creeping) habit of this species. Inflorescence 3-branched, each branch consisting of a spike of flowers about 8-10 cm long. CN: [Malay - Rumput parit, Rumput padang], Carpet grass, Blanket grass, Broad-leaf carpet grass, Lawn grass, Louisiana grass, Tropical carpet grass. The seeds of Asystasia gangetica, Borreria latifolia, Cleome rutidosperma and Diodia ocimifolia were collected at the oil palm plantation of UPM, and stem Stoloniferous mat-forming grass. overview; data; media; articles; maps; names; Guanacaste Dry Forest Conservation Fund. The general habit is erect and branching. A total of 51 isolates were recovered from 100 root segments. The 'stem' (including shoot or tiller) flexibility and leaf tensile strength of 9 grasses and herbs were determined in a greenhouse experiment. Cow grass (Axonopus compressus) Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon) ... Also, ancient Romans derived juices from its stems to use as a diuretic and astringent to stop bleeding [18] . Jeniang, Kedah, Malaysia. Mexican traditions believed that Bermuda grass leaves are helpful to people with high blood pressure [7] . Palatability and adaptability of 10 tropical grasses used as grazing pasture in Kyushu. 1788. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. Axonopus com- pressus, Chloris gayana, Cynodon dactylon, Lolium perenne and … Family: Poaceae. Lamina up to about 30-200 x 3-12 mm, attached to a sheathng base around the stem. They are sometimes rhizomatous and many are tolerant of periodic submersion.. Leaves alternate spiral, sessile, lanceolate or elliptic, base clasping, parallel-veined. Eragrostis tenuifolia and Sporobolus elongatus had the greatest leaf tensile strengths. Global description: Terrestrial, annual, prostrate herb, rooting at nodes. arranged on one side of the spike.Florets about 2-2.5 mm long. Citation in PubAg 64; Journal. Year: 2010. cc-by-nc-sa-3.0 Axonopus compressus (Broadleaf Carpetgrass) is a species of perennial grass in the family True grasses. The grasses were grown outdoors in Brisbane, Australia, in soil in pots over two growing seasons in 1985/86. Species: Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P.Beauv.. Eppo code: AXOCO. 24. Each group was replicated 4 times and laid on Completely Randomized Design … Species: Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P.Beauv.. Weed type: Grass. : Agrostis compressa, Anastrophus compressus, Milium compressum, Paspalum compressum] Breitblättriges Teppichrasengras {n}bot.T broadleaf / … In addition, the possible antioxidant mechanisms of the extracts were assessed by measuring their reducing property, iron (II) chelating … The scientific name of broadleaf carpet grass is Axonopus compressus, from the family Poaceae, the family of grasses, and it is similar in appearance to the closely related Axonopus fissifolius (sometimes known as Axonopus affinis). Palisot de Beauvois, A.M.F.J. Common name. You searched for: Subject "Axonopus" Remove constraint Subject: "Axonopus" Start Over. collect. Axonopus compressus is a robust, stoloniferous grass with flowering stems that can be up to 45cm tall. Axonopus is a genus of plants in the grass family, known generally as carpet grass. is a rhizomatous, stoloniferous perennial pasture grass. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The stem flexibility was expressed as the stem breaking angle and leaf tensile strength as the ratio of the leaf breaking load to the DW of a 5 cm length of leaf. Florets secund, i.e. The ten-weekly cut gave higher DM yield and tiller production under shade in the erect grasses, while the six-weekly cut resulted in higher yield for the prostrate grasses, viz. Two-Petalled Cow Grass (Axonopus Compressus) Also one of our specialty; the two-petalled cow grass is a more economical option for permanent pasture and ground cover. It forms dense mats that are 15-30 cm high but the flowering culms may reach 60-75 cm. Axonopus compressus and P. maximum var. blanket grass [Axonopus compressus, syn. Leaf accumulatio accumulations were 13.27–50.87mg/kg. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P.Beauv. 2006). nitrogen of Axonopus compressus over its growing period under the coverage of palm plantation would be addressed in this observations. Species : Agrostis compressa, Anastrophus compressus, Milium compressum, Paspalum compressum] Teppichgras {n}bot.T Breitblättriges Teppichrasengras {n}bot.T broad-leaf carpetgrass [Axonopus compressus, syn. Axonopus compressus in "Plant Resources of South-East Asia., Wageningen, Netherlands: Pudoc Scientific Publishers. Brazil, Venezuela, and Colombia are the most species-rich countries (Giraldo-Cañas 2000; Zuloaga et al. Glumes about 2 mm long, outer surface clothed in short hairs. Axonopus compressus is a grass species that mostly found under shade condition of palm plantations and are easily adaptable with the ecosystem. Milium compressum Sw., Prodr. Axonopus is a largely Neotropical genus comprising about 85 species. This may have been related to either poor shade tolerance or damage from pests and fungal diseases in dense shade. Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P.Beauv. Mix roots of Sida cordifolia, Aucklandia lappa, Chrysopogon zizanioides (240 g), Aegle marmelos, and Hemidesmus indicus, rhizomes of Asparagus racemosus and Cyperus rotundus (240 g), Santalum album wood (240 g), Alternanthera sessilis whole plant, Tinospora sinensis stem, Nelumbo nucifera receptacle and pour water into the mixture. Thus, it might play an important role in storing carbon. Close-up of broad-leaved carpet grass demonstrating the broad leaves and short hairs at the nodes of the stem. Daniel H. Janzen. Keywords - Axonopus, Centrochloa. As a part of the ecosystem, the grass would always carry on photosynthesis even under shade condition as encountered by Axonopus compressus. It is on the list of the 200 most invasive plants species of south-eastern Queensland and it also appeared quite prominently on the New South Wales North Coast environmental weed survey, which was conducted in the year 2000. 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