Volutella blight is the most destructive disease of pachysandra in the Northeast. Pruning the plant, which in fact does not grow to be like a plant, needs special care. Pachysandra is the only satisfactory plant that will grow as a ground cover under Pine Trees. Plant Type . … Too much sun will cause the plants to become chlorotic, or abnormally yellow. This groundcover was healthy for more than twenty years. Pachysandra can withstand occasional dryness, but does best when it is kept moist. Place the plants about 8 inches apart. Leaves develop irregular tan to brown blotches, often with concentric lighter and darker zones with dark brown margins. Although some people use the plant in their landscapes, it can be difficult to control. You can encourage the plants to form more dense growth by clipping the tips of the vigorous stems in the spring. The Ohio State University notes that care is necessary when raking fallen tree leaves from pachysandra in the fall, since the semi-woody stems of mature plants are easily snapped. This shade plant is native across parts of Asia and North America and will grow well as long as it is planted in shade. Plant Health Problems Diseases caused by Fungi: Volutella blight, Volutella pachysandrae. The most common reason that people choose Japanese Pachysandra is for ground cover in shaded areas of their garden. wide. Pachysandra is one of the few plants that will grow under evergreens and in dense shade. Sometimes known as Japanese spurge, Pachysandra is a small genus of very dwarf shrubs, popular for over a century for their ability to spread into a dense evergreen carpet beneath other taller shrubs. deep and 6 inches (15 cm.) Although pachysandra is mainly grown for its leaves, the flowers provide interest as well. Planting notes. It can be invasive, so be careful about planting it near areas where you don’t want it to spread. It's a vigorous grower. Q: We have a steep hill that is covered with mature Japanese Pachysandra that is dying. Read on for information on removing pachysandra ground cover. New leaves emerge from the ground on long petioles up to 4 inches long. They prefer moist soil, well-amended with organic matter. Holes for new plants should be 4 inches (10 cm.) Because of its low care needs, pachysandra is also a favorite plant for woodland gardens and as a living mulch underneath shrubs or trees. Hardy from zones 5-9. When planting in heavy clay or poor soils mix in organic matter such as composted manure, bagged top soil, and or a good planting mix at a 50/50 ratio with the soil. She is a former teacher and librarian, and she holds a bachelor's degree in education from Augustana College and master's degrees in education and library science from North Park University and the University of Wisconsin. Clip the tips of vigorously growing shoots in the spring to make the plants more dense. Plant height is 9 to 12 inches, and leaf length is 3 to 5 inches. When to Plant Pachysandra Spring and fall are the best times to add pachysandra to your garden. Volutella leaf blight, caused by the fungus Volutella pachysandrae, causes brown blotches on the leaves and a stem blight. Allegheny spurge does not seem to be as susceptible as Japanese spurge. Successfully controlling the spread of pachysandra involves a series of both manual and chemical control methods. Pachysandra is used as a groundcover, particularly under trees, where it competes well for the limited sun, nutrients and water. Pachysandra thrives in rich, well-drained soil. Even shaded areas can be populated and turned green. The leaves are mottled purple and are coarsely toothed towards the apex. A fungal disease called Volutella leaf blight can cause damages to both leaves and stems. Scale, an insect pest, can also be a problem. Pachysandra, occasionally called Japanese spurge, spreads quickly by underground runners and makes a superb replacement for struggling lawns in shady areas. I live in New York City and would like to plant something around our street trees. Newly planted pachysandra requires regular watering until the roots are established. It’s easiest to weed when the soil is slightly moist, like the day after a rain shower. It is often associated with scale infestations. Missouri Botanical Garden: Pachysandra Terminalis, Ohio State University: Pachysandra Terminalis, Clemson Cooperative Extension: Pachysandra, Michigan State University Extension: Abiotic Plant Disorders. It hardly covers a carpet like ground in three years, and therefore does not need very frequent pruning. Placing a light mulch around the plants will help maintain optimum moisture levels, and that also helps keep down weeds. The plants are adapted to deep or partial shade. Transplants are usually planted in the spring at a spacing of ½ to 1 foot apart. A small patch could be treated with a fungicide early in the season. Plants are evergreen in South Carolina, although the leaves may look ragged by March. Mature pachysandra requires about 1 inch of water per week during its period of active growth. The closer together you plant the Pachysandra, the faster it will fill in. Q. This plant is used extensively under large spreading trees, back of buildings or in other situations too shady for grass to grow. Do not cut them to the ground. ‘Green Carpet’ provides a 6- to 8-inch-tall carpet. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Pachysandra can be affected by various pests, including mites, scale and root-knot nematode. Clusters of tiny, off-white blossoms appear above the leaves in March and April. It grows 20 to 30 centimeters in height, eventually spreading through the rhizomes to form a green carpet. Pachysandra is one of the few plants that will grow under evergreens and in dense shade. Pachysandra terminalis ‘Cutleaf’ has deeply divided lobes that gives it an almost lacy appearance. Too much sun causes the leaves to turn yellow. Ensuring that plantings receive good air circulation and are not overcrowded can help keep plants from being susceptible. The creamy white flowers are borne on 1- to 2-inch spikes at the top of the stems. It is the best ground cover plant to use under the shade of large spreading trees or to form a fancy dense green blanket shrub. In areas where walks or driveways are de-iced in winter, pachysandra should be protected from damaging salt exposure. Bob Polomski, ©2019, Clemson University. Pachysandra terminalis, sometimes also called spurge or Japanese pachysandra, is a perennial plant cover useful for shaded places.Native to Japan and China, the pachysandra is resistant in resistance zones 5 to 9 of the United States Department of Agriculture. Pachysandra is an easy to grow, lush, shade-tolerant ground cover that many people use to reduce lawn or to fill in places where grass won’t grow. It spreads with rhizomes and will cover bare ground when left to do its thing. It has very dark green leaves. Pachysandra plants are a favorite evergreen ground-cover that grows well in hard-to-plant areas, such as under trees or in shady areas with poor or acidic soil. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. The flowers are white but have a pink tinge, particularly if the weather is cool. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1111 | Published: Jun 7, 1999 | Print, Pachysandra procumbens is a much overlooked native plant. I advise to sprinkle 1/2" peat moss on a new area every 2 weeks, to make it look fresh and to see any weeds that will appear. Problems: Japanese spurge may be affected by scale, mites, root-knot nematode or leaf blight. Planting pachysandra now? Pruning helps its growth. Here are some companion plants that thrive in similar growing conditions to pachysandra: Boxwood Hosta Bleeding Heart Astilbe Foxglove Camellia Hardy Kiwi Monkshood Columbine Hydrangea … Pachysandra prefers soil that is moist and amended with rich organic matter. Gwen Bruno has been a full-time freelance writer since 2009, with her gardening-related articles appearing on DavesGarden. ‘Variegata’ bears irregularly white variegated leaves. Shade provided by a building, fence or evergreen will prevent pachysandra from winter “burn” that turns the leaves brown. It grows 6-8" high (sometimes even 12”) and spreads by rhizomes to form a dense carpet of rich, dark green foliage. When planting in a sandy, quick-draining soil amending with top soil, organic compost, or peat moss will help to retain moisture and supply vital plant nutrients. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Plant taxonomy classifies Japanese pachysandra, also called "Japanese spurge," as Pachysandra terminalis and as belonging to the boxwood family. The dark evergreen leaves are alternate but are grouped in whorls at the top of the stems. It is a rapid-growing groundcover. Pachysandra ground cover has evergreen leaves that will burn in the sun. Pachysandra is tough as well as attractive. Water generously at planting time and regularly for a few weeks afterward to help the plants becomes established. When Pachysandra is planted under the required growth conditions like partial to full shade, it will thrive up to a height of about 10 inches tall. Pachysandra makes the perfect low-maintenance ground cover in shaded areas. Space plants 12 inches apart, somewhat closer if you want them to fill in faster. Both leaves and stems are attacked by this fungus. Plants are not as vigorous as the species but the leaves are more interesting. It's a hardy plant, and an ideal groundcover for problem areas, including poor soil and dense shade. But good drainage is key: If soils are too wet, the plant will develop root rot and die. Marjan Kluepfel, Former HGIC Horticulture Information Specialist, Clemson UniversityBob Polomski, PhD, Extension Consumer Horticulturist, Clemson University. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Pachysandra’s undemanding nature also shines when it comes to planting. Tuck it into … The pachysandra plant thrives best in full shade. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Planting Tips. The plant … For these reasons, people often plant Japanese Pachysandra around the edges of … Few ground covers can match Japanese pachysandra (Pachysandra terminalis) for toughness and versatility. And you can grow it in most temperature zones. Pachysandra terminalis is perhaps the best known Pachysandra, and is fully hardy and evergreen. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Soil should be moist and well drained; Pachysandra prefers acidic soils but can tolerate neutral and slightly alkaline soils. If you are looking for beautiful ground cover plants and want to learn how to grow and take care of it, this is the guide you need. It is under a large tulip tree. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. The evergreen leaves of pachysandra commonly “burn” and turn brown when grown in sunny, exposed places during the winter. Pachysandra, also known as Japanese Spurge, is a perennial evergreen plant that is usually grown as a ground cover. Pachysandra is a beautiful ground cover but it does grow very slowly. During the last couple of years the leaves have turned yellow then the tips turn brown and curl up. Pachysandra will transform otherwise bare … It grows from 8 to 12 inches high, eventually spreading by rhizomes to form a carpet of green. Pachysandra, also called Japanese spurge, is an evergreen ground cover that looks like a great idea when you plant it–after all, it stays green year round and spreads quickly to fill an area.Unfortunately, this aggressive plant doesn’t know when to stop. Another is as a pest deterrent, and it is particularly popular in areas where deer invade gardens. In general, small pachysandra plants should be planted between 6 and 12 inches apart, but you can plant them more densely if you wish them to fill in an area quickly. They are toothed towards the tip, 1 to 3 inches long and about half as wide. Rake the top 12 inches of your soil and mix in a couple inches of compost or peat moss which make the soil more conducive to water drainage. Pachysandra is used as a groundcover, particularly under trees, where it competes well for the limited sun, nutrients and water. Are My Pachysandra Dead if They Are Burned From the Sun? Plant pachysandra in well-drained soil in a location with good air circulation. I typically advise 3 to 4 plants per square foot. The plant is commonly used as a ground cover in landscape designs because it thrives in shaded areas of your yard. Pachysandra terminalis, also sometimes called spurge or Japanese pachysandra, is a useful evergreen groundcover for shady spots. It is always best to plant on an overcast day and in shady locations. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. Pachysandra is a slow growth plant. Pachysandra plant is a member of the boxwood family and a popular evergreen perennial. Pachysandra does best in a location that is partially to deeply shaded. Although vigorous, the plant rarely ventures past garden boundaries and into lawns. It spreads horizontally and needs room to roam. Pachysandra is easily propagated by division, or by rooting softwood terminal cuttings in the summer. The flower is 4 to 5 inches long. Prune back the worst of them. Growth Rate: Because of the rhizomatous nature, plants colonize an area aggressively. They all need some degree of shade and acid soils, hence their popularity for underplanting rhododendrons. And since I refuse to … Allegheny Spurge or Pachysandra procumbens: This much overlooked plant is native from Eastern Kentucky and West Virginia to Florida and Louisiana. So transplant pachysandra to those parts of the garden where other plants fail, for example where the soil is acidic or there are steep slopes. Pachysandra may be a slow starter, but by the third year, it will spread out and create a mass of deep green evergreen foliage. Pachysandra is deer resistant. Does Sedum Autumn Joy Require Acidic Soil? The plants are adapted to deep or partial shade. Japanese Spurge or Pachysandra terminalis: This is one of the most functional plants used in today’s landscape. My weed-filled lawn is driving me crazy—I’d work harder at it but there simply is too much of it. Tips on Planting Pachysandra. Make sure the planting area is clear from debris before planting and that the soil is loose. How to Grow Pachysandra Terrific Planting Partners. Oval leaves (2-4" long) appear primarily in whorls at the stem ends. Edge the boundaries of the area where you are planting to prevent spreading. Pachysandra is a good grower in evenly moist, rich soils. Bob Polomski, ©2019, Clemson University. You may need to prune it in five or six years. Plants growing in full sun are more susceptible. Fine if it just lasts until spring when we put in pachysandra for the long term, but the bare dirt is sad-looking and people throw trash around our trees, which is awful. ‘Green Sheen’ Japanese pachysandra has especially shiny leaves.Bob Polomski, ©2019, Clemson University. When planted in full sun, growth is poor. Pachysandra is considered an invasive plant by the USDA Forest Service because of its rapid growth pattern and ability to overtake other plants. Pachysandra terminalis, also sometimes called spurge or Japanese pachysandra, is a useful evergreen groundcover for shady spots. Plants are 9 to 12 inches high. Pachysandra is an invasive perennial ground cover that spreads … ‘Variegata’ and ‘Silveredge’ should be located in shade because leaves scorch in full sun. Native to Japan and China, pachysandra is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 5 through 9. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. A shrubby evergreen that's about 8 inches tall, it grows as a dense, green carpet that spreads to cover areas in partial or total shade. It prefers soil that has a pH on the acidic side, but it will tolerate soil in the neutral to alkaline range. While you try to encourage it to fill in as quickly as possible, keep in mind that pachysandra prefers a moist, rich, slightly acid soil (pH 5.5 to 6.5 is ideal) supplemented with plenty of organic matter. 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