Hi Leon, you don’t need to fertilize kikuyu as you would weaker lawns. Once the crop has been frosted, the whole bulk is mowed to ground level and dried before threshing. The US Department of Agriculture acclimated kikuyu grass in North America a little over a century ago, in 1915. Any nitrogen-rich fertilizer is perfect for this. Many Australians grew up with Kikuyu, as it’s one of the few grasses that can be grown almost anywhere in the country. This is particularly crucial when choosing Kikuyu grass for newly planted gardens as initially you may have plenty of sun, but as plants grow, more shade is inevitable. Even though it rarely produces flowers and seeds, kikuyu grows very quickly through rhizome (or root) propagation. Family – Poaceae, Type – grass Rapid summer growth rate with high yield potential. It will sprout roots and spread from there. Below 20o C, germination may still occur but seedlings will be slower to establish and more susceptible to moisture stress and waterlogging. Dairy cows can produce over 15 L milk/hd/day, and beef animals over 400 kg/ha/yr LWG from vigorous kikuyu pastures. This is a sub-tropical disease and is unlikely to be a major problem is temperate Australia. Required fields are marked *. It is a medium blade grass that can grow with very little water and thrives in South Australia's dry heat. Severe infestations of army worms and sod web worms can virtually defoliate a kikuyu stand, particularly if it is well fertilised and lush during warm, wet conditions. The Kikuyu lawn in the centre of the circle dies leaving the area susceptible to invading weeds and other grasses. In southern Australia, it is considered to require at least 600 mm in the south east, and 700 mm in the south west. Under regular grazing or cutting it forms a dense turf, but otherwise can grow to about 30 or 40 cm deep. In fact, there are no fungicides specifically registered against Kikuyu yellows. Stems: Rhizomes and stolons about 2 - 4 mm diameter. Kikuyu poisoning occurs sporadically in cattle, especially where rapid growth follows a protracted dry period. Kikuyu, Bantu-speaking people who live in the highland area of south-central Kenya, near Mount Kenya. Note: in some places, Kikuyu is invasive. Morphology. Unlike most other varieties of grass, there aren’t very many different types of Kikuyu grass to choose from. In the late 20th century the Kikuyu numbered more than 4,400,000 and formed the largest ethnic group in Kenya, approximately 20 percent of the total population. Summary: A creeping, aggressive, course, perennial lawn grass spreading by runners (stolons and rhizomes) and with seed heads that are hidden within the leaf structure and only showing long, white, thread like stamens at flowering in summer. P levels change with season, falling as the species became dormant. Widely naturalised on higher-fertility coastal soils. It will spread across the entire surface if not controlled. Hard grazing also encourages clover growth. Grazing management is important to ensure the kikuyu is grazed sufficiently to allow regeneration of the clover sward. A lush summer perennial, Imperata cylindrica 'Red Baron' really makes a stand against other grasses with the intriguing shape and…, Mowing the lawn is an easy art to master as long as you follow these few crucial steps! Kikuyu grass is an excellent barrier to block spread of weeds! Name – Pennisetum clandestinum Well fertilised and grazed kikuyu produces high quality forage. We will definitely have to put in some Kikuyu turf since we want our grass to grow quickly. Sodium levels (at 0.02-0.05% Na) can be deficient for lactating cattle, and calcium levels, although optimal for lactating cows, may be inadequate due to "tie-up" with oxalate. Synonym – Cenchrus clandestinus Mowing isn’t actually needed. They may be best used as a post-emergence application. Foliage – evergreen Yields of 200-400 kg/ha are normal, and up to 700 kg/ha achievable. Search on Clipkulture. Kikuyu grass is a low maintenance grass except for regular weekly mowing. De meest gebruikte Engelse naam is kikuyu grass. So thanks for mentioning that Kikuyu grass is very easy to care for and grows quickly. Used for dairy pastures in Queensland, NSW and far-eastern Victoria. Hyperparathyroidism ('big head') in horses, and occasionally nephrosis or hypocalcaemia in ruminants, has been recorded due to high levels of oxalate (up to 1.1% DM). A warm-season staple of Australian backyards, as well as sports fields, pastures, public areas and golf course fairways, Kikuyu is an excellent choice of grass to handle Australian conditions. Kikuyu is generally not sown with other grasses. Until today, Kikuyu (named after a tribe in Kenya) is still the most popular and affordable lawn, because of this reviving quality. Easy Drill Storage - Duration: 5:26. Seeds:  The kikuyu grain (caryopsis) is dark brown, ovoid in shape, about 2.5 mm long and 1.5 mm broad. Check with your local agriculture office first. Availability of other nutrients, particularly potash, should be monitored and corrected as necessary. In addition, i… Kikuyu Yellows infects the root system, causing root rot and subsequently grass death in a circular pattern. Once the Kikuyu seed is in a fine leaf and low growing lawn such as Couch or Zoysia, the invader can be easily spotted and removed before it takes a foothold. Kikuyu is widely adapted but prefers fertile, at least moderately drained, light to medium textured soils. Kikuyu grass is very easy to propagate through cuttings or simply by transplanting it. In response to summer rain, kikuyu may grow rapidly and grazing pressure will need to be increased accordingly. Becomes rank and unpalatable if ungrazed. Use the…, In spring or in fall, planting or tending a lawn requires care and attention for a good preparation. As a vigorous creeping grass, it can spread into cultivation areas or water channels. This compares with 9.2-10.4 for perennial ryegrass, 8.3 for chicory, 11.8 for lucerne and 12.2 for tall fescue. Australian strands of the grass, however, were originally sourced from the Belgian Congo in 1908 (present-day Congo). Established kikuyu should be grazed heavily over summer and autumn to prevent dead material building up. Most growth in spring, summer and autumn. Keep in mind that the parts under the sunlight grow a lot faster than the ones that are in the shade. Animals can walk all over it with their heavy hooves and it will bounce back quickly. My lawn has been taken over over the years by kikuyu grass, but I have noticed that clover and burr clover have no problem thriving in patches in it. Response to summer rain at Hamilton in Jan-March 2007 was 1.6 t compared to 0.3 for perennial ryegrass, 0.8 for tall fescue, 1.5 for chicory and 2.6 for lucerne. The tropical grass species Pennisetum clandestinum is known by several common names, most often kikuyu grass, as it is native to the highland regions of East Africa that is home to the Kikuyu people. Seedhead: Much reduced and largely enclosed by the leaf sheath at the top of the fertile shoot. Kikuyu turf also sends runners out as it spreads, like strawberries. In colder, frost-prone areas kikuyu does not compete in winter-spring with annual legumes such as subterranean clover. This is largely a reflection of poor management due mostly to under-grazing over summer-autumn and inadequate fertiliser use. Growth is slow at the start, but kikuyu grass quickly speeds up after that. There are two theories explaining where the Kikuyu came from. Italian ryegrass or oats often direct-drilled or surface-sown in autumn into suppressed kikuyu for year-round feed. Kikuyu Grass Types. Doses to follow are about ⅓ to ½ oz (10 to 12 g) to a square yard (1 m²). Kikuyu grass gives you a solution against dry spells, foot traffic and watering. Inoculation: N/A: Major nutrient deficiencies: Nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur. Interest in it was spurred by the fact that it is well-suited to golf terrains, especially the wide spans of rough. Suited to very fertile, well-drained soils. Because of its rapid growth and aggressive nature, it is categorised as a noxious weed in some regions. Only in spots that are bare or where many people walk constantly is it needed. Larvae of the african black beetle weaken plants by eating the roots. Ideal for full sun. Kikuyu can grow rapidly in summer when conditions are favourable (warm and wet) and must be managed well to optimise pasture quality. Hi Winter: Maintain grazing pressure to keep pasture below 5cm (or 1400 kg/ha). Kikuyu Grass is a warm season perennial lawn grass adapted to irrigated areas of the lower deserts in Arizona. Popular in coastal areas of south-west Western Australia for sheep/cattle pastures. The aim is to achieve 30 - 40 plants/m2. The advice provided in this publication is intended as a source of information only. A local botanist grew the plant to identify it. Kikuyu grass is native to the highland regions of East Africa. Cows, goats, and lambs love eating kikuyu grass for fodder. Grasses: Kikuyu should not be sown with other grass species generally although short-lived ryegrass can be oversown in late autumn to provide winter feed. You can also direct the runners to maximize coverage since secondary runners will appear and make the plot denser. Take note, though, that you’ll need to live in a region where the climate is mild in winter. Religion: The Kikuyus believe in their creator, God who they call Ngai and also in the spiritual presence of their ancestors. 1-2(-3) kg/ha. Kikuyu has a reputation for poor productivity and quality. It is a deep rooted, sod forming grass, spread by seed, rhizomes ( underground runners), and stolons (above ground runners). Height – 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm) Nutrient analysis shows that kikuyu is more nutritious than alfalfa. Northern Australia:Under optimum conditions, it is capable of producing 30 t DM/ha/yr, but is unproductive if not fertilised. Well suited to use as a base for a feedlot as it tolerates trampling, holds the soil, and responds to high manure input. Planting kikuyu runners is very easy and all you need to do is layer a grass node into a nursery pot. Kikuyu grass became very popular across South Africa, professionally and domestically. ex Chiov) is a tropical grass from Eastern Africa that has been introduced in other tropical and subtropical areas.It is palatable, resistant to heavy grazing and mostly used for pasture. Kikuyu grass has a low tolerance for cold temperatures. The State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication. Kikuyu grass is renowned for its rapid lush green growth, drought hardiness, resistance to wear, and ability to survive gardener neglect. However, apart from these numerous advantages, kikuyu grass does present several disadvantages: Note: in some places, Kikuyu is invasive. It has a tendency to "scalp" when mowed short. It performs best in soils with moderate acidity (pH 5.5-7.0), but tolerates pH as low as 4.5 and the often accompanying high aluminium and manganese. This will encourage establishing clover seedlings. The name, Kikuyu grass is used to suggest the native Kenyan pasture.