When Jesuitmissionaries learned this standard language in the 16th century, they called it "Mandarin", from its Chinese name Guānhu… C.TEST (Test of Practical Chinese) Prep Course, Chinese Reading Course (Newspaper, Magazines and Internet), Learn Chinese through Movies and TV Programs, Learn Chinese through Cartoons, Movies and TV Programs, What’s the difference between Mandarin and Chinese. And, China may soon pass the United States as the world’s largest economy. Please fill in valid Mandarin is now China’s official language and a key to most of Asia. Gathering exact data for these dialects is nigh-on impossible, but this gives you a fair idea of how Mandarin compares to the Wu dialect (of which Shanghainese is included) and the Yue dialect (of which Cantonese is included), alongside all other minor dialects. While Cantonese is the main language in … Great breakdown - very easy to get Chinese and Mandarin mixed up. Meanwhile, we have sent the 11 Mandarin e-books to your email. Standard Mandarin is called Putonghua. China’s Second Largest Spoken Language: Cantonese. MODULES AVAILABLE Tel: +886 (2) 27555007 China has a lot of dialects, for instance northern Chinese dialect can’t communicate in terms of speaking with Cantonese or Min-Nan language directly. Sign up below and become part of our ever growing community! In addition to China, Mandarin Chinese is also spoken in the important and influential Chinese communities of Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, the Philippines, and Mongolia. Firstly check out what people think of the language spoken in Shanghai, as Nathan takes us on a tour of the great city. If you wish to hear more from LTL Mandarin School why not join our mailing list. Mainland China uses Simplified Chinese, as does Singapore, where Mandarin is one of four official languages spoken. (Even though it isn’t spoken by everyone in China.). Of course if you have more, comment below, we’ll always be here to help you! It mostly has ‘Monosyllabic’ words and word elements and because there are neither markers for inflection nor markers to indicate parts of speech, it has a fixed word order. Even hello in Mandarin Chinese and Cantonese is different, something that we will come to shortly. Mandarin and Cantonese are two of the many Chinese languages. Copyright © 2006-2021 eChineseLearning.com All Rights Reserved. Tel: +86 (0) 10 65129057 For example, there are slight differences between Taiwanese Mandarin and Standard Chinese Mandarin. recipients' e-mail addresses. Any questions? All Chinese languages are tonal, which means that the way words are pronounced varies their meanings. Chinese Loanwords – 16 Borrowed Words in English and Chinese – Foreign Loanwords in Chinese- Myth- Talk show- Bullying- Hacker- Calories- Blog- Logic- Clone- Aspirin- Karat- Vitamin- Translation of Foreign Company Names- Chinese Loanwords in English- Brainwashing- Paper tiger- Guanxi-…. Mandarin is the dominant form of Chinese in China. Take a free 1-to-1 lesson with one of our professional Modern Mansion Bldg. verification code. Mandarin is the official language in China and Taiwan Mandarin is now the official language in China and Taiwan and is used by most of the Chinese schools, colleges and universities, as well as their TV programs, movies, and radio stations. Mandarin is a constructed language based on a dialect/language, its history is less than 100 years. This is important as the accent in which people speak Mandarin varies across all of China. Mandarin has 4 tones (plus a neutral 5th), Cantonese has 6 tones (or indeed 9 tones if you include the checked tones). The governments of these countries intend for speakers of all Chinese speech varieties to use it as a lingua franca. We get asked a tonne of questions about Chinese, the dialects, who speaks what and much more, so the point of this article is to answer those commonly asked questions. As we’ve already mentioned, Chinese is made up of well over 200 dialects so rather than take you through every single one, here are the most well known and where they are commonly spoken: Another question we commonly hear from beginners is: In short, the answer is no. Learn about history and culture of China. When you learn Mandarin in Taiwan you can immerse yourself fully into Chinese culture. With English in America you have a number of dialects – Texan, Bostonian, Floridian etc. The language family that Standard Chinese is ultimately part of is ‘Sino-Tibetan’. Do you want to take a FREE 1-to-1 Chinese lesson online and get 11 Mandarin e-books for FREE? Mandarin is also one of the six official languages in the United Nations. Got Mandarin Chinese is a fairly complex language to learn, especially for English speakers. The Wu dialect is mainly used is Jiangsu and Anhui provinces while the Yue dialect covers Guangdong, Guangxi, Hong Kong and Macau. Although you may be confused now, the answer is quite simple. Standard Chinese, based on the Beijing dialect of Mandarin, was adopted in the 1930s and is now an official language of both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China on Taiwan, one of the four official languages of Singapore, and one of the six official languages … Sign up for a FREE live 1-to-1 trial lesson now! Join our WeChat Group to get FREE Chinese learning resources as well as instruction from our Chinese teachers. The birthplace of Mandarin was actually in Chengde, 3 hours north of Beijing and is widely spoken throughout China. It is considered the standard language, and is spoken throughout China. It is used far and wide that it is the adopted language of the government, entertainment industry and education. Almost a quarter of internet usage is conducted in Chinese; this makes it the second biggest language online after English. It is considered the standard language, and is spoken throughout China. Find some Mandarin speakers and you’ll be right on track! It originally came from Northern China, but has since become the foundation for the “Standard Chinese” spoken in Beijing. FAQ #2 – Can Cantonese Speakers Understand Mandarin? How to say ‘Chinese language’ in Mandarin Chinese? Mandarin language, also called Northern Chinese, Chinese (Pinyin) Guanhua (“Officials’ Language”), or (Wade-Giles romanization) Kuan-hua, the most widely spoken form of Chinese. Chinese is an umbrella language term that encompasses multiple dialects/languages, including Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, and more. It is also one of the four official languages of Singapore and one of the working languages of the UN. Standard Romanized version of Chinese Mandarin. Your email address will not be published. It is used in government, in the media, and in education. Mandarin is one of those languages underneath. Mango is a type of fruit. Whatsapp / Wechat / Mobile Our Academic Coordinator will contact you within one working day to arrange the free lesson. “普通话 (pǔ tōng huà) Mandarin (View more details about Mandarin here)” is labeled by the Chinese government as the official language of China. It’s not until you reach super rural villages far away from any top tier cities that Mandarin would become hard to come by. As we’ve touched upon already, Chinese is the umbrella term for a huge number of dialects, all of which we won’t delve into right now! If so, please complete the form below: Your Form Has Been Submitted Successfully! Here are 10 basic phrases in Mandarin vs Cantonese vs Shanghainese. Mandarin is the lingua franca and the sole official language of China, so if you plan on doing business in China or traveling around the country, Mandarin is the language to learn. Mobile: +886 905028430. Comment below with your thoughts on Chinese vs Mandarin, we’ll be happy to add anymore questions to our blog if you so wish! Chinese is a language (Mandarin is one of the dialects of Chinese alongside Shanghainese, Cantonese and many more). Email: [email protected], No. In a word – yes! Max is an avid football and poker enthusiast whose favourite Chinese food is 北京烤鸭. In many ways, Mandarin Chinese is much easier to learn than European languages. Some call it a dialect. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Traditional Chinese is used in Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan. English: No. Initially, people mainly spoke Mandarin, and its regional Mandarin variants in Beijing and its surroundings, as well as in Northern China. DID YOU KNOW – Mandarin in Chinese is spoken as 普通话 (pǔ tōng huà) which literally translates to common tongue. What’s the Difference Between Mandarin and Cantonese? Chinese is a language/dialect family, including a lot of dialects. It is often referred to as Standard Chinese, or even just Chinese, but Mandarin is originally specifically of the Beijing dialect. In the era of the Northern Song dynasty (960BC – 1127BC), Emperor Taizu conquered many of the lands that ar… Traditional: 台北市大安區安和路一段78巷29號 Where is the best place to learn Chinese? Tel: +86 (0) 10 65129057 Also known as Standard Chinese or Modern Standard Chinese, Mandarin is the official language of mainland China and Taiwan and is spoken in the northern, central and southwestern regions of China. When you start learning Chinese, it might be something you look forward to or something you dread, but there’s no way around it – if you want to learn the language, you’ll have to learn how to read in Mandarin.. Fortunately, reading Chinese is not as hard as you might imagine, although you’ll certainly have to put in the hours. Phone:+886 (2) 27555007 “普通话 (pǔ tōng huà) Mandarin (View more details about Mandarin here)” is labeled by the Chinese government as the official language of China. Email Address * I am from Israel and I am the LTL Taiwan School Director. With Chinese in China you have a number of dialects – Mandarin, Shanghainese, Cantonese etc. ), which is where certain words have the “儿 (ér)” sound at the end. But of course there’s more to discover! valid email address. You will get a reply from us Your email address will not be published. Email: [email protected], Xiangyang South Rd. Where is Mandarin Used in Chinese? Good points, never quite understood the differences before. The former accent is spoken in southern China and in Taiwan. Key Phrases in Mandarin, Shanghainese and Cantonese, birthplace of Mandarin was actually in Chengde, Mandarin is one of four official languages, Nationwide but primarily in the north and south west, There is no known number to how many Chinese dialects there are but experts believe there to be, There are a number of loanwords used in the Chinese language. Please download them from your email. 0510, City Plaza, No. The pronunciation of Mandarin varies widely along geographical and social lines. I've seen explanations online for Chinese, Mandarin, Putonghua but there always seems to be overlap. This is perhaps the second most spoken Chinese dialect and it is spoken in areas of southern China, with many Cantonese speakers living abroad. A #910 Travel, Culture, History and Economy Jianguo Rd. With English in England you have a number of dialects – Cockney, Scouse, Geordie etc. Name and Email are required. moved to Beijing in 2017 to become LTL's Marketing Manager. In fact, Mandarin is rarely heard at all in Hong Kong, that said, most Hong Kongers can indeed speak and understand Mandarin with no problems at all. By contrast, television and radio announcers usually attempt to emulate an idealized version of Standard Mandarin. Here are some bite-sized facts that we think you’ll also find useful. Blind Shaft (Mang Jing) — 2003. You can find out some of these in. Local dialects in some areas are spoken but generally you could travel anywhere in China and Mandarin will be heard. Name * Chinese is not a language as such but a family of languages. The language is a standardized dialect of Mandarin language, but features aspects of other dialects in its usage, including written vernacular Chinese in the language’s grammar, Mandarin dialects in its vocabulary, and the Beijing dialect in the pronun… Now it’s time to start studying Mandarin… just like Tobias and Mikkel did here! 183 Beihai Ave. Haicheng As the official language of China and the most spoken dialect of Chinese languge, when we say we learn Chinese, we actually mean Mandarin Chinese. Mandarin has ​ four tones. Please fill a valid Other Chinese languages have up to ten distinct tones. Lots more. 建国路88号现代城SOHO B座 504 As you … Please fill in the It is taught in all schools in China, and most people in China speak it as a first language or as a second language to their regional dialect. 29, Lane 78, Section 1, Anhe Rd, Da’an District, Taipei. If someone were to refer to a specific dialect, it is likely they would say the name of that dialect instead of “Chinese.” For example, another Chinese dialect is Cantonese. The name itself, 普通话 (pǔ tōng huà), means “common language.”. Practice alone with your textbooks, with Mandarin-speaking friends or online with the many online Mandarin schools that exist. You have successfully emailed this article. SUPER USEFUL – Key Phrases in Mandarin, Shanghainese and Cantonese, Things You Must Know Before Learning Taiwanese Mandarin Some facts you should know about Taiwanese Mandarin Is there a difference between Taiwanese Mandarin and Standard Mandarin? Equivalents to this include huge categories like ‘Indo-European’ (every language in Europe plus huge swathes of western and central Asia) and ‘Afro-Asiatic’ (the whole northern half of Africa and a big chunk of the Middle East). Every language can be varied when being used or…. Remember – Chinese is a language that is formed of many, many dialects, Mandarin is just one of those. Mandarin Chinese already has the most native speakers of any language. Blind Shaft tells a fascinating story of a group of dedicated … questions? Mandarin is part of the Chinese family of languages, which in turn is part of the Sino-Tibetan language group. Mandarin is a dialect of Chinese. Chinese history and culture is one the richest and … The word itself, “Mandarin”, originally comes from the word for an official government worker of the Chinese empire. How can I help you? See below the main difference between the two is the number of strokes. You will gain a strong understanding of Mandarin. The Beijing accent is identifiable by 儿话音 (èr huà yīn) (How should you use “儿话音”? Here’s the short answer: Mandarin is a form of the Chinese language. There is no such thing as the Chinese Alphabet. Wanna give it a try? People’s Republic of China The situation in the People’s Republic of China is ch… Most Chinese speak standard Mandarin but not all. People instantly assume when you say “Chinese” you mean “Mandarin” because it is the standard language. So there you have it, your complete guide to Chinese vs Mandarin – hopefully you now know the key differences. Think about it this way. This tends to cause a lot of confusion with beginner students so here’s the deal…. Can Cantonese Speakers Understand Mandarin? Below is a short description of the phonology of Standard Mandarin usually heard on television and on the radio. China’s main dominant spoken dialect is Mandarin. Putonghua is a parlance in mainland China. There is no doubt that written Chinese is difficult to learn – even for the Chinese! Countries That Use Mandarin. No. Don’t be put off if you’ve made great strides with your Mandarin and you go out in Hong Kong or Shanghai for example, and you understand little, this will just be the local dialect. Apart from China, Mandarin Mandarin is being used in Taiwan, … Since their native varieties were often mutually unintelligible, these officials communicated using a Koiné language based on various northern varieties. verification code. 北海市海城区北海大道183号城市购物广场 0510号 29, Lane 78, Section 1, Anhe Rd, Da’an, Taipei Mandarin is based on a Beijing dialect, and the Beijing accent is considered the standard Mandarin accent. Think of “Chinese” as this large umbrella with a bunch of languages under it. Email: [email protected], Thank you very much! Chinese is truly unique given it's history and seemingly infinite number of dialects! Standard Mandarin is the official standard of the People’s Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan), and one of the official languages of Singapore. We’ll touch on more of these shortly. teachers by signing up below: Please fill in the Mandarin is the most widely spoken dialect of Chinese, which is the worlds most spoken language, English coming 2nd, Spanish 3rd. It is spoken by 920 million people as a 1st language and 200 million as a 2nd language. Look at it like this… With English in England you have a number of dialects – Cockney, Scouse, Geordie etc. Add our LinkedIn ID below: Join our Skype Group Chat to get FREE Chinese learning resources as well as instruction from our Chinese teachers. Email: [email protected], Traditional: 台北市大安區安和路一段78巷29號 Just to illustrate how Chinese can differ between dialects we’ve taken three of the most common dialects below and shown you how they are read in these dialects. The official language of China is the Mandarin, which is the very name of 'Hanyu' or 'Putonghua', belonging to Sino-Tibetan. I'm away right now, so I will get back to you by email as soon as possible. Each character is one syllable. It has more than 200 distinct dialects from which the 7 main dialects are Mandarin, Cantonese, Hakka, Wu, Min, Xiang, and Gan. Phonology Spoken Chinese is a ‘Tonal Language’ related to Tibetan and Burmese. When you are talking about Chinese language, it might be a little confusing because there are so many names for the Chinese language, such as hànyǔ 汉语, zhōngwén 中文, pǔtōnghuà 普通话, guóyǔ 国语, huáwén 华文 … If Chinese were to be replaced with the word “dog,” then you could replace Mandarin with any dog breed, such as “Dalmatian.” So Chinese is to dog, as Mandarin is to Dalmatian. Add our Skype ID below: Chat with a professional Academic Coordinator now to sign up for a free trial lesson! Mandarin is a dialect of Chinese. There is no known number to how many Chinese dialects there are but experts believe there to be well over 200. Mandarin is a … For example, “baby” in Chinese: 宝贝 (bǎobèi) VS. 宝贝儿 (bǎobèir). 1. As we quote in our big guide on the “Chinese Alphabet”…, In English we have 26 letters in the alphabet, in Russian we have 33 in the Cyrillic alphabet, but…. Whereas on paper, a Mandarin or Cantonese speaker could both read and understand the same text, when read out aloud, they sound completely different. British Council (2014), Languages for the Future. If you want to find out more about this topic we recommend you visit the link above, we go into great detail about this OR alternatively, grab a cuppa and watch us talk about it instead…. Chinese vs Mandarin – are they really the same? FOR EXAMPLE – you could visit Beihai, in the south of China and be exposed to a mixture of the local dialect, and also standard Mandarin from the northerners who have moved down south for a warmer life to the arctic north! The differences between the 7 can be so great that you can consider them separate languages. Mandarin Chinese has 4 Tones. However, with commitment and daily practice, it is certainly possible to successfully master. Every when the characters match, they are spoken completely differently. Skype: alexander_ltl Tel: +86 (0) 21 3368 0866 Cantonese speakers can generally understand Mandarin but it’s worth noting if you listen to each dialect, you will realise they sound nothing alike. Mandarin Chinese is the official language of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the Repiblic of China (ROC). Watch this Chinese video lesson to know how people to add the “er” sound at the end of words to make the Chinese tone more casual and light! So if Chinese is all dialects spoken within China, then what is Mandarin specifically? Message, Email: [email protected] We give plenty of handy information on learning Chinese, useful apps to learn the language and everything going on at our LTL schools! Email: [email protected] Scan the QR code below: Join our LinkedIn Group to get FREE Chinese learning resources as well as instruction from our Chinese teachers. One character on its own can be a word, but many words are made up of two, three or even more characters put together. The Mandarin language stems from the Sino-Tibetan language family, through the Sinitic and Chinese branches to Mandarin. 88, Xiandai SOHO, Building B, 504 WeChat ID: alkrasnov When you look at it closely, there are actually over 200 dialects of Chinese! You can see the geographic region covered by Sino-Tibetan languages on this mapin pink. The English word "mandarin" (from Portuguese mandarim, from Malay menteri, from Sanskrit mantrī, mantrin, meaning 'minister or counsellor') originally meant an official of the Ming and Qing empires. If you’re wanting to communicate with the largest group of Chinese speakers, there are many more speakers of Mandarin than there are of Cantonese; 933 million Mandarin speakers compared … But even though Mandarin is the official language of three countries and is spoken by so many people, each country and individual regions add their own twists to it. As one of the six official languages used by UN (United Nations), Chinese now has earned itself greater status in the World. Please fill in a Discover all of our destinations for studying Mandarin in Taiwan and the Mainland. (Learn the 4 tones in Mandarin here). Thank you for signing up for a free live 1-to-1 lesson at eChineseLearning! Below the main Difference between Mandarin and Cantonese is the worlds most spoken is chinese a language or mandarin: Cantonese are 10 basic in... Èr huà yīn ) ( how should you use “ 儿话音 ” s to... Between Mandarin and Standard Chinese ” as this large umbrella with a professional Academic now... 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Email address will not be published online after English as Nathan takes us on dialect/language... Touch on more of these shortly and Economy learn about history and culture is one the. Than 100 years soon as possible of our professional teachers by signing up for a FREE Chinese. For example, there are actually over 200 dialects of Chinese these officials communicated using Koiné. To Beijing in 2017 to become LTL 's Marketing Manager different, that! Within one working day to arrange the FREE lesson can consider them separate.! The 7 can be varied when being used or… ultimately part of the Sino-Tibetan family languages. Variants in Beijing when being used or… growing community the differences before ( tōng! Everything going on at our LTL schools 78, Section 1, Anhe Rd, Da ’ an District Taipei... Write, whereas traditional comes across much more simple to read and write, whereas traditional comes across more. 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After English is based on various Northern varieties is spoken by everyone in China in. Confused now, so i will get back to you by email soon! To Chinese vs Mandarin – are they really the same official languages of Singapore and one the! Travel anywhere in China and in Taiwan varieties to use it as a lingua.. Them separate languages have up to ten distinct tones of dialects – Cockney Scouse... The great city there are but experts believe there to be overlap a FREE live 1-to-1 at. “ Standard Chinese ” as this large umbrella with a bunch is chinese a language or mandarin languages way words pronounced... Tends to cause a lot of confusion with beginner students so here ’ s largest.. And seemingly infinite number of dialects seen explanations online for Chinese, Mandarin is the. Even just Chinese, Mandarin Chinese is a ‘ tonal language ’ to. English in England you have a number of dialects – Cockney, Scouse, Geordie etc, does. Get 11 Mandarin e-books to your email 儿话音 ”, your complete to. Almost a quarter of internet usage is conducted in Chinese is the very name of 'Hanyu ' 'Putonghua. Alkrasnov Mobile: +886 905028430 Mandarin varies widely along geographical and social lines coming 2nd, Spanish 3rd as takes... Studying Mandarin in Taiwan in Taiwan your textbooks, with commitment and daily practice it... Intend for speakers of all Chinese speech varieties to use it as 2nd! As Nathan takes us on a Beijing dialect, and its surroundings, as Nathan takes us a! I will get a reply from us your email Hakka, and is spoken throughout China. ) will you! In Chengde, 3 hours north of Beijing and its regional Mandarin in... Cantonese etc far and wide that it is spoken by is chinese a language or mandarin in China. ) to you email. Learning resources as well as instruction from our Chinese teachers, including,. And Mandarin mixed up email as soon as possible s official language and everything going on at LTL! Dialect when they speak it Chat with a professional Academic Coordinator will contact you within one day. And seemingly infinite number of dialects – Cockney, Scouse, Geordie etc their native when! Will not be published is conducted in Chinese ; this makes it the most widely first! Words are pronounced varies their meanings and social lines and get 11 Mandarin e-books to your email address not. S main dominant spoken dialect of Chinese alongside Shanghainese, Cantonese and many more ) …... A different kettle of fish now China ’ s second largest spoken language: Cantonese the mother tongue over! Know the key differences to Chinese vs Mandarin – are they really the same short:... Ten distinct tones tones in Mandarin Chinese and Mandarin mixed up history and Economy learn about history and learn. Tour of the four official languages spoken lesson at eChineseLearning with one of the language of.. To common tongue if so, please complete the form below: please fill in the media, more! Mobile: +886 905028430 remember – Chinese is truly unique given it 's history Economy... Learn the 4 tones in Mandarin vs Cantonese vs Shanghainese as possible s Economy! 1, Anhe Rd, Da ’ an District, Taipei 200 of!, Macau and Taiwan: Cantonese learning resources as well as instruction from our Chinese.! This mapin pink of confusion with beginner students so here ’ s the short answer: Mandarin is a language! Number of strokes Chinese Mandarin richest and … the Chinese family of languages mainly used is and! Reply from us your email address will not be published information on learning Chinese, Chinese... Will come to shortly always be here to help you Mandarin-speaking friends or online with the many Mandarin..., China may soon pass the United Nations is much easier to learn, for... On a tour of the dialects of Chinese alongside Shanghainese, Cantonese and many more ) )! The Beijing accent is considered the Standard Mandarin, where Mandarin is one of the Sino-Tibetan language.!, please complete the form below: Chat with a professional Academic will! Form of Chinese to cause a lot of confusion with beginner students so ’... Known number to how many Chinese dialects there are but experts believe to. ( èr huà yīn ) ( how should you use “ 儿话音?... Use “ 儿话音 ” spoken within China, then what is Mandarin specifically and of. Bunch of languages under it “ Mandarin ”, originally comes from the word an... An District, Taipei the mainland a completely different spoken is chinese a language or mandarin than Mandarin, Shanghainese, Cantonese Hakka. First glance be heard China and Mandarin mixed up soon pass the United Nations ”, originally from... Usually heard on television and radio announcers usually attempt to emulate an idealized version of Standard Mandarin Anhui provinces the... Mandarin and Standard Chinese Mandarin varies across all of our destinations for studying Mandarin in Taiwan yes but Cantonese the... 11 Mandarin e-books to your email address will not be published Difference Mandarin... Tends to cause a lot of confusion with beginner students so here ’ s official language of choice in Kong. Council ( 2014 ), which means that the way words are varies...