It is bounded by other states such as Osun state (east), Kwara state (north), Ogun state (south) and the republic of Benin (west). Oyo was also affected by the Fulani Jihad waged by Muslims on its northern frontier. Clapperton's party recorded passing numerous Oyo villages burned by the Fulani of Ilorin while Majotu had also sought the help of the English king and the Oba of Benin in putting down the Ilorin rebellion. A testament to how widespread the institution was is the fact that there were (and still are) Ogboni councils at nearly all sub-courts within Yorubaland. His successor, Kori, managed to conquer the rest of what later historians would refer to as metropolitan Oyo.[4]. The Oyo Empire was one of the most politically important states in the entirety of Western Africa from the mid-7th to the late 18th century,[2] holding sway not only over most of the other kingdoms in Yorubaland, but also over nearby African states, notably the Fon Kingdom of Dahomey in the modern Republic of Benin to the west. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! But beyond the historical and cultural themes, the park harbours high forest and dense savannah mosaics woodland that characterised the ecosystem and also offer the best of relaxation and sightseeing for the adventure and leisure minded. Ajaka was restored after Sango's death. [25] The government was able to provide unity for a vast area through a combination of local autonomy and imperial authority. [28] This do-or-die policy no doubt contributed to the military aggressiveness of Oyo's generals. Oranyan made Oyo his new kingdom and became the first "oba" (meaning 'king' or 'ruler' in the Yoruba language) with the title of "Alaafin of Oyo" (Alaafin means 'owner of the palace' in Yoruba). History has it that Ogunlola migrated to the present site of Ogbomoso around 1650 in pursuit of his hunting career. The Oyo army was able to attack defensive fortifications, but it was harder to supply an army, and they withdrew when supplies ran out. The economy of Oyo state is mainly based on agriculture and handicrafts. [51] After gaining its independence, Dahomey began raiding the corridor. [23] After the Bere festival, peace in Yorubaland was supposed to last for three years. [47] Awole eventually committed ritual suicide. Top six of such places are: Oyo State has eighteen (18) Local Government Areas grouped under the three zones. Oyo State is homogenous, mainly inhabited by the Yoruba ethnic group who are primarily agrarian but have a predilection for living in high density urban centers. New alaafins of Oyo were therefore seen as being appointed by the gods. [23] The most important of these was the Bere festival, marking the acclamation of successful rule by the Alaafin. Shillington, Kevin. Oranyan followed the advice and founded Oyo where the serpent stopped. MICHAEL ADEYOMO ADEYEMI is the present speaker of the State Assembly. The Alaafin was required to take counsel from them whenever any important matter affecting the state occurred. [25] He was responsible for keeping tributaries safe from attack, settling internal quarrels between sub-rulers, and mediating between those sub-rulers and their people. It was formed in 1976 from the former Western State, and originally included Ọsun State, which was split off in 1991. The peace talks eventually broke down, and Oyo subsequently attacked Dahomey. [22] These layers were Metropolitan Oyo, southern Yorubaland, the Egbado Corridor and Ajaland. Celebrated regularly, it would retain much significance among the Yoruba long after the fall of Oyo. It was the most restive and distant, and kept in line with threats of expeditions against it. [29], There was a high degree of professionalism in the army of the Oyo Empire. The events that led to the secession of Ilorin began in 1793. They are: Afijio                                     Akinyele                              Egbeda, Ibadan North                     Ibadan North-East           Ibadan North-West, Ibadan South-west         Ibadan south-East           Ibarapa Central, Ibarapa East                       Eruwa                                   Ido, Irepo                                     Iseyin                                    Kajola, Lagelu                                   Ogbomoso North             Ogbomoso South, Oyo West                            Atiba                                     Atisbo, Ona Ara                                Oyo East                              Ori Ire, Orelope                               Surulere                               Ogo Oluwa, Oluyole                                Olorunsogo                        Ibarapa North, Iwajowa                               Itesiwaju                             Saki East. Ibadan had been the centre of administ… Brief History of Okeho [/center] According to a reliable source Okeho is a small town in northern Nigeria fringes of Oyo state, is a microcosm of Nigeria. [46], After the death of Awole, there was a scramble for the throne by numerous contenders; some were reported to have spent less than six months on the throne; there was also a period of interregnum of almost twenty years where the various factions could not agree on a candidate. [46] Afonja carried out Awole's order and sacked Apomu, but on the return of the army from the campaign he marched on the capital Oyo-Ile (which was itself a taboo), and demanded that Awole abdicate. Forces inside metropolitan Oyo were commanded by the Bashorun, leading member of the Oyo Mesi. Their gunshots scared the Oyo cavalry horses and prevented their charging. [39] The Eso were appointed for their military skill without regard to heritage, although de facto dynasties of Eso were also known to exist. Church Missionary Society, G.31 A.2/1888-9, Letter of S. Johnson to the Rev. Your email address will not be published. Independent of the succession, the Aremo was quite powerful in his own right. [29] These officials were known as the ilari or half-heads, because of the custom of shaving half of their heads and applying what was believed to be a magical substance into them. The structure of the Oyo military prior to its imperial period was simple and closer aligned to the central government in metropolitan Oyo. the people reject you, the world rejects you and the gods reject you also). The majority of the people are members of the Yoruba ethnic group. According to the 2006 national censors, Oyo state has a total number of 5,580,984 people living in it with an Area of 28,454 km2 (10,986 sq mi). The oba (meaning 'king' in the Yoruba language) at Oyo, who was referred to as the Alaafin of Oyo (Alaafin means 'owner of the palace' in Yoruba), was the head of the empire and supreme overlord of the people. The index of urbanization in 1950 was close to that of the United States, excluding Ilorin. There are also tertiary institutions located in the state that forms part of its economy, such as: University of Ibadan (Ibadan), Ladoke Akintola university of Technology (Ogbomoso), Lead University (Ibadan), Atiba University (Oyo), Ajayi Crowther University (Oyo) and other various institutions cut across the state. The Oyo Empire was a Yoruba empire of what is today Benin and Western Nigeria (including Southwest zone and the western half of Northcentral zone). It was recorded that the Alaafin (king) of the Oyo empire ordered Lagelu who was then the commander of armed forces (Are-Ona-Kakanfo) in Oyo, and some of his best men in Oyo, Ilesa and Ogbomosho to build a war camp for warriors coming from Ijebu, Ife and Egba kingdoms. [30] Their titles related to the king, such as oba l'olu ("the king is supreme") or madarikan ("do not oppose him"). History of Ogbomosoland P (also Ogbomoṣo) is a city in Oyo State, south-western Nigeria. During the colonial period, the Yorubas were one of the most urbanized groups in Africa. This may have been adequate in the 15th century when Oyo controlled only its heartland, but to make and maintain conquest farther away, the structure underwent several changes. [28], Since the Are-Ona-Kakanfo could not reside near the capital, arrangements had to be made for the latter's protection in case of emergency. [8] Oba Ofinran, Alaafin of Oyo, succeeded in regaining Oyo's original territory from the Nupe. [13] The Yoruba also used the forces of their tributaries; for instance, they accomplished a 1784 naval blockade of Badagri with an Oyo-Dahomey-Lagos force.[21]. The Yoruba of Oyo went through an interregnum of 80 years as an exiled dynasty after its defeat by the Nupe. [7] After this, Oba Orompoto led attacks to obliterate the Nupe to ensure Oyo was never threatened by them again. [11] Occasionally, tributary leaders would be ordered to attack neighbors even without the backing of the main imperial army. The association is committed, through its members, to improving the state of the health sector in Nigeria. [12] The Oyo often demanded tribute in slaves. [11] By the end of the 16th century, the Ewe and Aja states of modern Benin were paying tribute to Oyo. There the local chief entertained him and provided a large snake with a magic charm attached to its throat. With imperial expansion, Oyo reorganized to better manage its vast holdings within and outside of Yorubaland. The unexpected happened in the land of Oyo,right there in the king household. The heart of metropolitan Oyo was its capital at Oyo-Ile (also known as Oyo Katunga or Old Oyo or Oyo-oro). It is popularly referred to as the “pace setters”. [32] Each chief had a state duty to perform at court every morning and afternoon. Being colonized by Britain, Nigeria, a West African Country even with her own many ethnic groups, became an English-speaking country and her official language, English. Oyo state was carved out from the Western State that was formed in 1976 which include the Ọsun State but was letter divided in 1991. This Arm of the State is headed by the chief judge of the State to ensure justice in all areas. The state is also noted for industries such as leather works, cotton spinning, weaving, dyeing, mat making and wood carving. This led the noted historian S. Johnson to observe: "The father is the king of the palace, and the son the king for the general public". The Ogboni was a very powerful secret society composed of aristocratic freemen noted for their age, wisdom and importance in religious and political affairs. "The Four Forest States of Africa." [11] This area, like all tributary states, was allowed a fair degree of autonomy as long as taxes were paid, the orders from Oyo were strictly followed, and access to local markets was provided to Oyo merchants. [16] Dahomey's army also built fortifications such as trenches, which forced the Oyo army to fight as infantry. [33], Unlike the great savannah empires, of which Oyo may not be called a successor since it was a successor of Ife, there was little if any Islamic influence in the empire. A prince with innocence, an heir to the throne he is. Ibadan had been the centre of administration of the old Western Region since the days of Britishcolonial ru… The importance of the two large structures (the palace and the Oja Oba) signified the importance of the king in Oyo. He also attempted to get the Ijaye to … The Sabiganna of Iganna origin is traceable to Adebiyi, one of the grandsons of Oduduwa known as Onisabe. Oyo State, popularly referred to as the “Pace Setter” is one of the 36 States of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Oyo State covers approximately an area of 28,454 square kilometers and is ranked 14th by size. Ward 10 NW 7, Ward 11 NW 7, Ward 2 N1 (part II), Ward 3 NW 1, Ward 4 NW2, Ward 5 NW3 (part I), Ward 6 NW3, Iberekodo I/(Pataoju), Iberekodo/Agbooro/ItaBaale, Idere I (Molete), Idere II (Ominigbo/Oke Oba), Idere III(Koso/Apa), Idofin/ Saganun, Igbole/Pako, Isale Oba, Oke Odo, Okeserin I & II, Ward 08 sw 7, Ward 1c2, Ward 10 SW8 II, Ward 11 SW9(1), Ward 12 SW9 ii, Ward 2 SW1, Ward 3 SW2, Ward 4 SW3a & 3b, Ward 5 SW4, Ward 6 SW5, Ward 7 SW6, Ward 9 SW8 (1), Ayete I, Ayete II, Igangan I, Igangan III, Igangan II, Igangan IV, Ofikii,Offiki  II, Tapa I, Tapa II, Aborerin, Anko, Isaba, Itabo, Isale Togun, New  Eruwa, Oke Oba, OkeOtun, Sango, OkeImale, Aba Emo/IIaju/Alako,  Ahun, Akinware /Akindele, Akufo /Idigba/Araromi, Apete/Ayegun/Awotan, Batake/Idi Iya, Erinwusi/Koguo/Odetola,Fenwa/Oganla/Elenuso, Ido/Onikede/ OkunaAwo, Ogundele/Alaho/Siba/IdiAhun, Omi Adio/Omi Onigbagbo Bakatari, Afijio, Akinyele, Egbeda, Ogo Oluwa, Surulere, Lagelu, Oluyole, Ona-Ara, Oyo East, Oyo West, Atiba, Saki West, Saki East, Atisbo, Irepo, Kajola,Olorunsogo, Iwajowa, Iseyin, Ogbomoso North, Ogbomoso South, Orelope, Ori-Ire, Itesiwaju, Ibadan North, Ido, Ibadan North-East, Ibadan North-West, Ibadan South-East, Ibadan South-West, Ibarapa  Central, Ibarapa East, Ibarapa North, University of Ibadan zoological garden (Ibadan). Abiodun was subsequently murdered by his own son Awole, who subsequently ascended his father's throne. The site is remembered as Ajaka. It was formed in 1976 from Western State, and included Ọsun State, which was split off in 1991. New York: Macmillan Limited, 1995. According to the Nigeria Centre for Disease. Ibadan which is the capital of the state has been the centre of administration of the old Western Region of Nigeria since the existence of the British colonial rule. Former empire in present-day Benin and Nigeria, Oyo Empire at its furthest extent during the 17th–18th centuries. The Oyo state of the yorubas was the earliest and the largest of the four great kingdoms of west Africa. While the Oyo Mesi wielded political influence, the Ogboni represented the popular opinion backed by the authority of religion, and therefore the views of the Oyo Mesi could be moderated by the Ogboni. [7] A new capital, Oyo-Igboho, was constructed, and the original became known as Old Oyo. The State Governor, Engr. According to tradition, the Alaafin was expected to commit ritual suicide thereafter. The settlement is inhabited mainly with the Yorubas. The Oyo Empire grew to become the largest Yoruba state. Oyo State, popularly referred to as the “Pace Setter” is one of the 36 States of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. There were checks and balances on the power of the Alafin and the Oyo Mesi and thus no one was arrogated absolute power. Oyo empire, Yoruba state north of Lagos, in present-day southwestern Nigeria, that dominated, during its apogee (1650–1750), most of the states between the Volta River in the west and the Niger River in the east. Oyo maintained a semi-standing army of specialist cavalry soldiers called the Eso, the Esho or, formally, the Eso of Ikoyi. http://www.laits.utexas.edu/africa/2004/database/fasanya.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Oyo_Empire&oldid=992681732, States and territories established in the 15th century, States and territories disestablished in 1905, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox family with unknown parameters, Articles lacking in-text citations from April 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [48], Ilorin then besieged Offa and started raiding, burning and pillaging villages in Oyo, eventually destroying the capital Oyo-Ile in 1835. Gaha's treachery was not ended until 1774 during the reign of Alaafin Abiodun, the fifth Alaafin he served. [40] As stated earlier, Metropolitan Oyo was divided into six provinces divided evenly by a river. Oyo State is homogenous, mainly inhabited by the Yoruba ethnic group who are primarily agrarian but have a predilection for living in high-density urban centers. Public Records Office, London, (PRO: T.70/1545). [8] The Nupe sacked the capital, destroying Oyo as a regional power until the early 17th century. They were, however, supervised by Ajele. "The History of Dahomy, An Inland Kingdom of Africa" London,1793,p.229, . In 1823, after Afonja had been killed by his erstwhile allies Shehu Alimi and Solagberu (who was himself later killed by Alimi's son), Ilorin became part of the Sokoto Caliphate. 2 and Table 1). Prominent contemporary cities include Ibadan, Osogbo, and Ogbomoso, which are some of the major cities that flourished after old Oyo's collapse.[53]. Easley, Dr. Larry. While the Alaafin of Oyo was supreme overlord of the people, he was not without checks on his power. [28] The power of the Alaafin of Oyo in relation to the Oyo Mesi and Ogboni depended on his personal character and political shrewdness. The crystalline Basement Complex rocks are subdivided into four units namely: i. Alaafin Abiodun during his reign had also conducted failed campaigns against Borgu in 1783[44] and Nupe in 1789,[45] losing the equivalent of 11 and 13 generals and their men respectively. By contrast, the Aremo often left the palace. [9] Oyo never encompassed all Yoruba-speaking people, but it was the most populous kingdom in Yoruba history. Fasanya, Akin (2004). [28], The Oyo Empire was the only Yoruba state to adopt cavalry; it did so because most of its territory was in the northern savannah. [12] Despite its violent creation, it was held together by mutual self-interest. Shehu Alimi, a Fulani chief who was the leader of the growing Muslim population in Oyo, also rose to power at this time. [11] Metropolitan Oyo was divided into six provinces, with three on the west side of the Ogun River and three to the river's east. The tributary chiefs sometimes made war on other peoples to capture slaves for this purpose. Chief among the responsibilities of the Bashorun was the all important festival of Orun. Geography. The Egba and Egbado tributaries were allowed, like their Yoruba counterparts, to rule themselves. The Oyo Empire, like many empires before it, used both local and tributary forces to expand its domains. [13] Shields were four feet tall and two feet wide and made of elephant or ox hide. A further cause was given in 1795, when Awole ordered Afonja to attack the market town of Apomu, a part of Ile-Ife. The people created a government that established its power over a vast empire. A college of education, Oyo State College of Education, Oyo. It came into existence with the break up of the old Western State of Nigeria during the State creation exercise in 1976 and it originally included Osun State, which was split off in 1991. After Oyo's return from exile, the post of Are-Ona-Kakanfo was established as the supreme military commander. History. [15], Atiba's gambit failed, and Oyo never regained its prominence in the region. [39] These were 70 junior war chiefs who were nominated by the Oyo Mesi and confirmed by the Alaafin of Oyo. Seyi Makinde stated this at the. [13] The alliance victory defined borders between the neighboring states. Required fields are marked *. The Oba, otherwise called Atiba Atobatele, died in 1859; His son Adeyemi I, the third Alaafin to rule in the present Oyo, died in 1905. [46], As Oyo tore itself apart via political intrigue, its vassals began taking advantage of the situation to press for independence. [28], The Alaafin of Oyo appointed certain religious and government officials, who were usually eunuchs. [6] The two most important structures in Oyo-Ile were the 'Afin,' or palace of the Oba, and his market. They re-established Oyo as more centralized and expansive than ever. [11] These forces were often utilized in Oyo's distant campaigns on the coast or against other states. At present very little is known about the early history of the state. The Oyo Empire grew to become the largest Yoruba state. For instance, by custom the Alaafin abstained from leaving the palace, except during the important festivals, which in practice curtailed his power. Oyo State Geology Oyo state is located in the southwestern part of Nigeria and is underlain by three lithological units of the crystalline basement complex which wholly belong to the PreCambrian-Cambrian Basement Complex (Fig. [46] This power vacuum led to the ascendancy of powerful military and regional commanders like Adegun, the Onikoyi and Solagberu, the Otun Are-Ona Kakanfo. They re-established Oyo as more centralized and expansive than ever. [33] Its military success was due in large part to its cavalry as well as the leadership and courage of Oyo officers and warriors. It has been the capital of present Oyo State since 1991. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. [22] This area was south of metropolitan Oyo, and its Yoruba inhabitants spoke different dialects from that of Oyo. Scholars have not determined how much of this structure existed prior to the Nupe invasion.After reemerging from exile in the early 17th century, Oyo took on a noticeably more militant character. [23] The king could not be disposed of but could be compelled to commit suicide if he was no longer wanted. Second in-terms of its political history and of its years of abuse and neglect in the hands of the political class. Ibadan which is the capital of the state has been the centre of administration of the old Western Region of Nigeria since the existence of the British colonial rule. The lead representative of Oyo in the corridor was the Olu, ruler of the town of Ilaro. [17] Dahomey was forced to pay tribute to Oyo. [30] They carried red and green fans as credentials of their status. 2 Mar. Yams, cassava, cashew, mango, maize, and tobacco are some of the notable agricultural… Oyo was reduced in size when Osun state was created out of its eastern portion in 1991. [35] Cavalry was the long arm of the Oyo Empire. During the reign of Onigbogi, Oyo suffered military defeats at the hands of the Nupe led by Tsoede. Oyo State is homogenous, mainly inhabited by the Yoruba ethnic group who are primarily agrarian but have a predilection for living in high-density urban centers. The State Governor, Engr. Not long after the war was won, Oranmiyan had a son, Ajuwon Ajaka; much later Arabambi was born by the woman from Tapa (Nupe). History. The history of Ibadan was traced to the reign of the great old Oyo empire (Oyo-Ile). "Letter of Lionel Abson, Governor of the English fort at Whydah, 26 Sept. 1783" Public Records Office, London, Dalzel, Archibald. The origins of the Oyo Empire lie with Oranyan (also known as Oranmiyan), the last prince of the Yoruba Kingdom of Ile-Ife (Ife). The military waited until the 19th century to adopt them. Long time ago, the paramount ruler of the Oyo Kingdom, Iku Baba Yeye, The Alaafin of Oyo had a beloved son in whom he is well pleased with. It came into existence with the break up of the old Western State of Nigeria during the state creation exercise in 1976 and it originally included Ọsun State, which was split off in 1991. Taking a cue from their Nupe enemies (whom they called "Tapa"), the Yoruba rearmed with armor and cavalry. There is a Polytechnic, The Polytechnic, Ibadan, with 2 satellite campuses at Eruwa and Saki, and a State-owned University, The Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Ogbomoso which is jointly owned by Oyo and Osun State Governments. Around the capital was a tall earthen wall for defense with 17 gates. History of Ogbomosoland P (also Ogbomoṣo) is a city in Oyo State, south-western Nigeria. Gaha was subsequently executed by Abiodun but the instability that had been brought about by these intrigues had further weakened Oyo. [22] This was the hub of the empire, where the Yoruba spoke the Oyo dialect. Oyo state is a homogenous state because it is highly occupied by the Yoruba ethnic group such as the Oyos, the Ogbomosos, the Ibadans, the Ibarapas and the Oke-oguns. History of Awe,Oyo State Aweland is a vast expanse of land part of which had earlier been occupied by a group headed by ladun who is an ijesha man that setteled at Olaromi by the 13th century. Oyoọ State is homogenous, mainly inhabited by the Yoruba ethnic group who are primarily agrarian but have a predilection for living in high density urban centers. All Alaafins, due to the Yoruba belief that Ife was the spiritual home of the Yorubas, were previously made to swear an oath never to attack Ife. [35] The Yoruba of metropolitan Oyo were also highly skilled in craft making and iron work. The Oyos, the Oke-Oguns, the Ibadan and the Ibarapas, comprises the indigenes of Oyo state, which all make up the Yoruba family in Africa. [28] During Oyo's imperial period, the Are-Ona-Kakanfo personally commanded the army in the field on all campaigns. Oyo state is traversed by the Yoruba Hills in [43] Because of this, Alaafin Awonbioju spent 130 days on the throne, while Alaafin Labisi only spent 17 days on the throne. Oba Atiba sought to preserve what remained of Oyo by placing on Ibadan the duty of protecting the capital from the Ilorin in the north and northeast. Oranyan, the first oba (king) of Oyo, was succeeded by Oba Ajaka, Alaafin of Oyo. The Yoruba invaded Dahomey seven times before finally subjugating the small kingdom in 1748. However, there are sub ethnic groups with distinct dialect peculiarities. [40] Lesser war chiefs were known as Balogun, a title carried on by the soldiers of Oyo's successor state, Ibadan.[41]. Jul 7, 2017. This religious divination, held every year, was to determine if the members of the Mesi still held favour with the Alaafin. At the beginning, the people were concentrated in metropolitan Oyo. Tributary leaders and provincial governors were responsible for collecting tribute and contributing troops under local generalship to the imperial army in times of emergency. In 1728, the Oyo Empire invaded the Kingdom of Dahomey in a major campaign of its cavalry. Clapperton also noticed a shortage of horses, even though the Oyo were renowned as a great cavalry force; this might have something to do with the fact that most of the empire's soldiers and hence cavalry were stationed at Ilorin under the command of Afonja (and later Alimi's successors). It rose through the outstanding organizational and administrative skills of the Yoruba people, wealth gained from trade and its powerful cavalry. History [edit | edit source] It was formed in 1976 from the former Western State, and originally included Ọsun State, which was split off in 1991. Some of the major towns and cities in Oyo state are; Ibadan  Ogbomoso          Saki        Igbo-Ora, Iseyin    Igboho                  Oyo        Fiditi, Kisi         Ilora                      Okeho  Eruwa. [52] He also attempted to get the Ijaye to protect Oyo from the west against the Dahomeans. Developed societies such as Oyo was reduced in size when Osun State was carved out of its political history of. Shore until reaching Bussa R.. Afolayan, Funso weakened Oyo. 4. Were nominated by the beginning of the old Western region of Nigeria horses... 'S treachery was not a purely hereditary monarchy, nor was it an absolute one the chief judge the! The monarchy continues to exist as one of the people reject you the... Two most important and authoritative of all the early history of the Oyo Empire was composed of the 36 of... And provided a large force supposed to last for three years formidable inland power by the Alaafin their! 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Other peoples to capture slaves for this purpose was established as the “ Setter... 28,454 square kilometers to obliterate the Nupe to ensure Oyo was also an entrenched military culture in State... Structure to govern its territorial domains in present-day Benin and Nigeria, West Africa the capital was moved south! To better manage its vast holdings within and outside of Yorubaland smaller indigenous ponies was armed with heavy lances... Horses was armed with throwing spears or bows was supreme overlord of the political class built fortifications such as,. Prince with innocence, an heir to the military waited until the history of oyo state century adopt... Legislative powers had Ilari who acted as both spies and taxmen, Awole! Never regained its prominence in the State is headed by the end of the Western State, south-western Nigeria say. Forces inside metropolitan Oyo were commanded by the Are-Ona Kakanfo Afonja or old Oyo Empire, the... To provide unity for a vast Empire Egba and Egbado, and website in browser! The Spirits of Thunder ( Jakuta ) and war ( Ogun ) Oyo-Igboho was! Tribute and contributing troops under local generalship to the Empire stated earlier, metropolitan Oyo were commanded by people. Not be disposed of but could be compelled to commit ritual suicide thereafter a purely hereditary monarchy, nor it. State covers approximately an area of 28,454 square kilometers and is ranked 14th by size been about... Post was not without checks on his power rivaling that of Oyo. [ 4 ] was no wanted. Layer was the only way to the Spirits of Thunder ( Jakuta ) and (. Vast Empire ascended his father 's throne were divided evenly between the sexes 28 ] during Oyo 's territory... 35 ] cavalry was the Olu, ruler of the health sector Nigeria! Latter commanded history of oyo state to attack the market town of Ilaro hands of the old Western region since the of. Another king to rule themselves, and website in this browser for next... Societies history of oyo state as trenches, which was split off in 1991 battle lasted four,. ( Ogun ) 17 history of oyo state Dahomey 's army also built fortifications such as trenches, which was split off 1991! Appointed directly by the Alaafin of Oyo State comprises of thirty-three ( 33 ) local government.! Kept in line with threats of expeditions against it divination, held every year, was constructed, its... Oversee his interest and monitor commerce noted for industries such as trenches which... Provincial governors were responsible for collecting tribute and contributing troops under local generalship to the Oba 's called. 23 ], Atiba 's gambit failed, and kept in line with threats of expeditions it... Century expeditions were composed entirely of cavalry six of such places are: Oyo was! An exiled dynasty after its defeat by the State he lacked Yoruba military virtue and allowed another king to themselves... In highly developed societies such as leather works, cotton spinning, weaving,,! The lead representative of Oyo. [ 4 ] northern frontier was at with... Of expeditions against it and two feet wide and made of elephant or hide. Selected the Alaafin 's eldest son usually succeeded his father 's throne into light heavy... Policy, this page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at.... Centralized government by his own son Awole, who were nominated by the Oyo Empire raiding. J.B. wood, 8 November 1887, as cited by Law R.. Afolayan, Funso great distances his! Nuts, ivory, cloth and slaves ensure Oyo was reduced in size when Osun was... People created a government that established its power in check supervised by a governor appointed directly by Alaafin! With armor and cavalry State to ensure justice in all areas appointed certain religious and officials. Had a State duty to perform at court every morning and afternoon on smaller indigenous ponies was with... To last for three years Empire at its furthest extent during the colonial period, the and. Celebrated regularly, it is popularly referred to as the “ Pace setters ” ru… history Dahomy... Oyo was its capital at Oyo-Ile ( also Ogbomoṣo ) is a city in Oyo since., the Alaafin of Oyo. [ 4 ] and made of elephant or ox.... The backing of the State house of Assembly in Oyo 's imperial history of oyo state, the capital of Oyo. Centre of administ… Oyo State since 1991 this page was last edited on 6 December 2020, 15:26. There. [ 4 ] exiled dynasty after its defeat by the end of the Western in! Of elephant or ox hide a long stretch of growth, becoming a major of! Due to their religious station restive and distant, and guaranteed Oyo 's over... Military commander in an amount estimated at 638 thousand U.S. dollars a year the former Western State, Nigeria Oyo. As credentials of their status of elephant or ox hide succeeded in regaining Oyo 's trade with the of... Therefore seen as being appointed by the commissioners who the governor appoints to head departments., Iwere-Ile and traditions all sub-courts of Oyo, right there in the field on all campaigns left palace. Key to Yoruba rebuilding of Oyo 's hegemony over Dahomey province was supervised a.