Esther is read during the Purim feast on 14th and 15th Adar (February/March). How the Delphic oracle had predicted the incident, and why Leonidas chose to dismiss the allied troops (219-20). Most historians think the real total was at the most 200,000. The Thracian tribes who joined Xerxes; the Satrae, who resisted him, and their habitation (110-11). Herodotus, Book 7. The decision to abandon Thessaly forces the Thessalians to medize, i.e. Homer is cited in justification (161). In Mullins Reference Section: Liddell, H. G. and R. Scott. The dream recurs, and threatens Xerxes with ruin unless he invades Greece (14). The story of Boges, another Persian governor who chose suicide (with his entire household) rather than be captured (107). Reactions of the Greeks to Xerxes' Invasion. Herodotus and the Scythians: Images and the Inquiry into the Soul “Herodotean Realism” by Joel Schlosser; Herodotus: Histories Book V; Herodotus: Volume 2 Herodotus and the World; Herodotus: Volume 1 Herodotus and the Narrative of the Past; Recent Comments. 1. How his ancestors, beginning with Telines, became priests of the Earth Goddesses (153). Gelon's brother Hieron is installed as tyrant in Gela. Herodotus and the Scythians: Images and the Inquiry into the Soul “Herodotean Realism” by Joel Schlosser; Herodotus: Histories Book V; Herodotus: Volume 2 Herodotus and the World; Herodotus: Volume 1 Herodotus and the Narrative of the Past; Recent Comments. Xerxes' army draws closer to Thermopylae; more topographical notes on the region (198-200). The army is counted: the total is 1,700,000 men (60; but the figure is too high. The anger of Darius (king of Persia, 521-486 B.C.) Athos: location, engineering details, Xerxes' reasons for digging it (22-23). Xerxes sends the Medes into the pass on the fifth day, and many of them are killed (210). The Sagartian cavalry and their lasso use (85). Gelon's coupe in Gela, and his conquest of Syracuse in 485 B.C. We had a great call to discuss Herodotus Book 7 on August 18! Allied forces occupy the pass, but decide not to try to hold it after getting intelligence from the Macedonians about Persian troop strength. Buy this Book on Kindle. Artabanus, in Xerxes' bed, has the same dream; he is converted by the dream and joins the war party (17-18). Demaratus advises Xerxes to open a second front against the Spartans from an island base off the coast of Laconia; this will keep them from fighting further north (235). over Sardis is increased by the Persian defeat at Marathon; his preparations to invade Greece (1). Xerxes sails to see the mouth of the Peneus river; remarks on the geography and geological history of the place (128-29). Xerxes punishes the waters of the Hellespont for destroying the bridges (35). How Demaratus had warned the Greeks of Xerxes' intentions by a secret message prior to the invasion (239). The Delphic oracle advises prayers to the winds, which are duly made (179). options are on the right side and top of the page. 's theory, that Leonidas doubted the resolve of the non-Spartan men, from an eyewitness (221). Artabanus is worried about the future; Xerxes asks in what way his force is deficient (47-48). The voyage to Greece of Xerxes' army and fleet. Another dream portends world domination by Xerxes. Description of ships in the Persian navy, and armaments of the marines (89-98). The canal by Mt. An XML version of this text is available for download, Cf. The roster of the Greek contingents at Thermopylae (201-3). Numbers of the Persian ships (1207) and men aboard them, supposedly over 150,000 (184). Herodotus. The decision is taken to guard the pass of Thermopylae instead (175). Categories. Why Xerxes sent no heralds to Athens or Sparta: Darius' heralds to them had been executed (133). The Greek fleet retreats from Artemisium to Chalcis, putting Euboea between themselves and the Persians. The inhabited world according to Herodotus: Libya (Africa) is imagined as extending no further south than the Horn of Africa, terminating in the uninhabitable desert. His hubristic dream of world domination. List of Greek states who medized (surrendered) includes Thessalians, Locrians, and almost all Boeotians; the other Greeks vow to punish them (132). The oracle's reference to Minos is explained: The Cretans of old had reason to regret their first Panhellenic alliance, the one against Troy (170-71). Review of the troops and ships at Abydos; Phoenicians win the rowing contest (44). He accuses Demaratus of disloyalty (236). Olympia (the vale of Tempe) against the Persians (172). Categories. The fleet is instructed to wait at Artemisium. The Thespians insist on fighting with Leonidas, and the Thebans are compelled to do so (222). A comprehensively revised and updated guide to Books I-IV of Herodotus. Two Spartans, Eurytus and Aristodemus, were in sick bay at battle time; Eurytus rushes into battle and dies, but Aristodemus returns to Sparta in disgrace (229-31). 9.1", "denarius"). The defeat of Hamilcar and Theron by Gelon coincides with Salamis? How, J. The Spartan reply: the truce is to be referred to their government; the Argive king may be a third general of equal rank with the two Spartan kings. A dream tells him he should invade, but he ignores it. Mordecai, Esther’s cousin, had foiled a plot against the life of king Ahasuerus (Esther 2:21-22), and an account of that act of patriotism had been written in “the book … Some of the Greeks flee; those who do not are dismissed by Leonidas, except for his own Spartans. Add to Cart. Free kindle book and epub digitized and proofread by Project Gutenberg. Xerxes accepts his brother's strategy, but rejects the accusations against Demaratus (237). Herodotus Book I (Bryn Mawr Commentaries) (Greek Edition) Herodotus. Ephialtes of Malis turns traitor, and shows Xerxes a secret path around Thermopylae. Rivers are drunk dry by his troops (20-21). Ida; a storm kills many men (42). Xerxes' brother Achaemenes argues against dividing the Persian fleet in this way. The superiority of the Phoenician navy; Hdt. The death of Hamilcar by self-immolation, and his rise to cult status (165-66). View Commentary A PDF of an unrevised draft of Herodotus’ Histories Book 7: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary by Geoffrey Steadman. 4.1 out of 5 stars 7. megilloth), which are still read today at certain feast days in the synagogue. $34.99. A local man impiously likens Xerxes to Zeus (56). The difficulty and expense of feeding the army endured by the various cities on the route (118-19). 7.185-6). The Spartan troops are overwhelmed at last by superior numbers (225). Xerxes' decision and preparation to invade Greece. Demaratus, the exiled king of Sparta, explains to Xerxes that the Spartans are preparing to fight and die. Details of the construction of the bridges (36). megilloth), which are still read today at certain feast days in the synagogue. Cavalry (84). Sperthias and Bulis lecture Hydarnes, the Persian governor of Ionia, about Greek freedom (135). How Gelon began as a bodyguard to the dynast Hippocrates of Gela, who was engaged in conquering other cities of Sicily (154). A PDF of an unrevised draft of Herodotus’ Histories Book 7: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary by Geoffrey Steadman. For while thou revilest the Greeks, thou dost encourage the king to lead his own troops against them; and this, as it seems to me, is what thou art specially striving to accomplish. Herodotus says: “In Persia a man’s wives sleep with him in their turns” (iii.69), and invasion of the king’s privacy was punishable by death (iii.72, 77). The speech of Mardonius in support of invasion cites Greek weaknesses: racial inferiority of Greeks is shown by prior subjugation of Ionians; inability of Greeks to cooperate with each other; lack of strategic skill in choosing battle sites (9). The death of Artachaees the giant, a man of Acanthus and the chief engineer of the Athos canal; his elevation to cult status (117). Bizarre omens at the crossing are ignored by Xerxes (57). The passage of the fleet through the canal at Athos and on to the rendez-vous at Therma (122-23). Total triremes (warships) said to number 12,007. Bridges and supply dumps (25). Hence it belongs to the best-known OT-books with the Jews and it is also the book… Their refusal to bow and worship Xerxes; his refusal to execute them (136). Xerxes tells Artabanus about the dream, and asks him to sleep in his bed and see if he (Artabanus) gets the dream too (15). Argos refuses (149). ... Books VIII, and IX. Books I-IV | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate The head of Leonidas is impaled on a stake by Xerxes (238). Full search The army separates from the fleet at Acanthus because the fleet must sail around the fingers of Chalcidice (Mygdonia). March of the army from Lydia north to Mt. (Herodotus 6.43.3) Send article to Kindle To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Xerxes questions Demaratus, the ex-king of Sparta, on what to expect from the Greeks (101). The sea, because no harbour can shelter such a huge fleet; the land, because supply lines will be stretched too far (49). 's opinion (173). ... Herodotus, The Seventh, Eighth, & Ninth Books with Introduction and Commentary (this document) hide Display Preferences Gelon sends ships under Cadmus of Zancle to Delphi with treasure, prepared to surrender to Xerxes if the Persians win (163). Hdt. Iliad 6 and 22; Odyssey 6-8; Odyssey 9-12; Odyssey 17-20 (beta) Lysias. How the Argives were instructed by the oracle to stay out of the war; their condition for participating: 30 years' truce with Sparta, and joint command of the allied forces (148). Leonidas' rearguard troops, the Phocians, are driven off by the Persians under Hydarnes (218). Remarks on slander. Paperback. July 2013) This link contains a free pdf copy of Herodotus Book I: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary, 2nd ed. A last minute impulse to retreat is quelled by Leonidas (207). The death of Darius during the revolt of Egypt against Persia; Xerxes becomes king (4). Herodotus, Book 7. Herodotus' Histories, book 7. summary and comments by Jona Lendering : Twentieth logos: Persian preparations (7.1-55) When the news of the disaster at Marathon reaches Darius, he decides for a full scale invasion of Greece. Herodotus Book 1 Commentary 2nd ed. PDF | On Jun 1, 2008, Askold I. Ivantchik published A Commentary on Herodotus. Od. This draft was made with great haste and has not be proofread. Herodotus' Histories, book 5. summary and comments by Jona Lendering : Thirteenth logos: the Thracians (5.1-28) The fifth book marks the beginning of the wars between the Persians and the Greeks. At the extreme south-east of the continent are the Macrobians, so-called for their longevity. The Athenians rather than the Spartans deserve the credit for saving Greek freedom (139). Artabanus says Xerxes has two enemies: the land and the sea. Books I-IV | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Herodotus' Histories, book 5. summary and comments by Jona Lendering : Thirteenth logos: the Thracians (5.1-28) The fifth book marks the beginning of the wars between the Persians and the Greeks. Camp followers are not included in this total; calculations on the food and water consumption of so huge an army (187). The advance to Acanthus and the recruitment of locals (115-116). Xerxes' decision and preparation to invade Greece. The army proceeds north into Thrace and halts at Doriscus. Greek, History, Prose Herodotus, Book 1. Archives. Marching order and equipment of the Persian army (40-41). Agypten Agyptische Amasis Amyrtaeus Anaximander Ancient Ancient Egypt Apries argument Aristagoras Athenian Athens attitudes Boardman Book Carian Century B.C. What strategy should Xerxes adopt (234)? Click anywhere in the All peoples inhabiting the southernmost fringes of the inhabitable world are known as Ethiopians (after their dark skin). Pythius, the Lydian, (according to Herodotus, book 7. sec. Greek and Latin Texts with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary Amazon.com. ... A … Greek and Latin Texts with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary The march continues through Thrace into Macedonia and up to the river Strymon (112-13). Herodotus was speaking to an educated and somewhat cosmopolitan audience whose knowledge and belief background is very difficult for a modern to replicate. Herodotus 1; Herodotus 7 (beta) Homer. Another version of the Argive rôle: some say Argos had a prior mutual non-aggression pact with Xerxes on the basis of shared ancestry through Perseus & Andromeda. Xerxes disagrees, citing the loyalty of the Ionian Greeks of Asia Minor in Darius' Scythian campaign (52). 61 Persians; 62 Medes; 63 Assyrians; 64 Bactrians and Sacae; 65 Indians; 66 Arians and Parthians; 67 Caspians, Sarangae and Pactyes; 68 Utians, etc. Hide browse bar A Sicilian version excuses Gelon because Sicily was being invaded at the time by Theron of Agrigentum, in coalition with Hamilcar the Carthaginian and his allies. A solar eclipse at the army's departure is favorably interpreted by the Magi (37). The bridges over the Hellespont are begun, then ruined by a storm (33-34). Verified Purchase. The Persian fleet sails south into the bay of Pagasae, and puts in at Aphetae; how Aphetae got its name from the Argonauts (193). Archives. Exhortations of Xerxes to the Persian commanders (53). the Athenians) (51). over Sardis is increased by the Persian defeat at Marathon; his preparations to invade Greece (1). Thanks,Kristn. Herodotus – Book 7. changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. Click anywhere in the Xerxes questions Demaratus: are all Spartans as good as these, and how numerous are they? The family of Cadmus of Zancle, and his personal integrity (164). The high command is described (82). Syracuse grows rapidly via incorporation of peoples from other cities (156). 5.0 out of 5 stars A Commentary on herodotus Books 1-4. The envoys are dismissed by Gelon (162). Paperback. Topographical details of Artemisium and Thermopylae (176). The admirals and other naval champions. Two Greek triremes on patrol are captured by the Persians, and a young marine is murdered (180). Herodotus Book 7 Commentary — beta edition (14 mb pdf Aug 2012) — right-click on PC, ctrl-click on Mac for option to download directly ) This link contains a free pdf copy of an unrevised draft of Herodotus’ Histories Book 7: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary under a Creative Commons License. The lack of Greek unity in the face of the invasion (138). A second more favorable oracle mentions the "wooden wall" (141). Demaratus' reply: Greece is poor, but brave and free; Spartans will fight to death even if vastly outnumbered (102). This work is licensed under a Debate at Athens over whether "wooden wall" means the Acropolis or the ships (142). A wealthy Lydian, Pythius, offers Xerxes his entire fortune for the war effort. Knowledge of other routes south available to the Persians was decisive, in Hdt. Herodotus of Halicarnassus (c.480-c.429 BCE): Greek researcher, often called the world's first historian.In The Histories, he describes the expansion of the Achaemenid Empire under its kings Cyrus the Great, Cambyses, and Darius I the Great, culminating in Xerxes' expedition to Greece (480 BCE), which met with disaster in the naval engagement at Salamis and the battles at Plataea and Mycale. (137). In the last decade or so, studies of Herodotus have flourished in the English-speaking world. Onomacritus the corrupt seer feeds Xerxes phoney oracles encouraging the invasion; Xerxes agrees (6). to join Xerxes (174). Xerxes hears the myth of Phrixus and Cytissorus, whose descendants remain ritually unclean (197). An embassy is sent to Gelon, tyrant of Syracuse. A scout sent by Xerxes inspects the Greek position, and reports that the Spartans are combing their hair and exercising (208). Xerxes doubts him, and is sure the Greeks will retreat (209). The aetion for Athenian worship of Boreas (189). Persian troubles with a sunken reef (183). Cavalry commanders; the accident of Pharnuches (88). Ships from and sold by Amazon.com. Your current position in the text is marked in blue. Descriptions of the contingents of the Persian army and allies, including commanders and types of armament (61-80). Xerxes changes his mind, and decides not to invade. PDF | On Jun 1, 2008, Askold I. Ivantchik published A Commentary on Herodotus. Doriscus is described (58-59). Two other men named by some as traitors are exonerated by Hdt (213-14). The case of Pantites, another disgraced Spartan (232). Book 7. One Mascames is appointed governor of Doriscus; the army advances through Thrace (105). The witty remarks of Megacreon on this subject (120). Xerxes visits Troy, and makes sacrifices; there is superstitious panic among the troops (43). Herodotus, referred to by Cicero and others as the father of history, was the first to make the events of the past the subject of research and verification, and to relate their consequences to the present. In the last decade or so, studies of Herodotus have flourished in the English-speaking world. 4.3 out of 5 stars 11. The angry reply of Xerxes; his genealogy is recited; the Greeks will attack Persia unless they are destroyed (11). Sheets, George A. Herodotus: Book I. Bryn Mawr Commentaries, ISBN 9780929524139. Artabanus agrees, and tells Xerxes his moral philosophy; the true nature of dreams, which are not prophetic or divine, just mental images (16). Your current position in the text is marked in blue. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. Erudite and very informative and easily cross referenced to the original text of Herodotus. Vastness of Xerxes' expeditionary force; comparisons to great armies of the past. Herodotus. reserves judgement on the guilt of the Argives; remarks on his historical method, and why he sometimes includes unreliable information (152). line to jump to another position: The National Endowment for the Humanities provided support for entering this text. En route from Cappadocia to Sardis, the army stops at Celaenae (26). Command levels by multiples of ten (81). You can listen to the discussion here. ... A Commentary on Herodotus ... Volume I (Books I-IV) W. W. How and J. Demaratus explains the Spartan military code: no retreat (104). Quotation of verse inscriptions (epitaphs) from Thermopylae (228). Xerxes' reasons for so doing. 27,) was at that time the richest subject in the world. Sacred Texts Classics Buy this Book at Amazon.com. How Leonidas got to be king of Sparta on his brothers' deaths. 19. In-text: (Summary of and commentary on Herodotus' Histories, book 7, 2015) Your Bibliography: Livius.org. Plans of the council of Greek states: to settle regional conflicts, spy on Persian forces, and get the help of Argos and Syracuse (145). A sceptical Xerxes doubts that Greeks will face his superior numbers (103). 89 - Phoenicians and Egyptians; 90 - Cyprians; 91 - Cilicians and Pamphylians; 92 - Lycians; 93 - Asiatic Dorians; 94 - Ionians; 95 - Aeolians. The story of a rapist punished. Encampment of the army at Therma (127). The next day brings continued success for the Spartans; the pass is held (212). The division of the army into thirds (121). The anger of Darius (king of Persia, 521-486 B.C.) Artabanus advises Xerxes not to make the Ionian Greeks in his army fight the Ionian Greeks of the mainland (e.g. The change of plans is announced the next day (12-13). (17 mb, .pdf — rev. Leonidas decides to use Theban troops to test their loyalty (205). The Delphic oracle to the Athenians seems to predict disaster (140). This item: Herodotus Reader: Annotated Passages from Books I-IX of the Histories (Focus Classical Commentary) by Herodotus Paperback $26.95 Only 7 left in stock (more on the way). The Persians are urged to invade by the Thessalian kings and the (now exiled) Pisistratids. Proof for Hdt. Death of Hippocrates. In stock on October 12, 2020. is that the influence of Xerxes' mother Atossa was critical (3). Three spies are caught by Xerxes, then given complete freedom to inspect the army. Everything Christian for less. $14.25. The Egyptian revolt is crushed (7). Corcyra agrees to help the Greeks and puts out 60 ships, but they arrive at Salamis too late. ; 79 Marians, Colchians, etc. 2015. Xerxes reviews the troops on land and sea (100). His generosity is rewarded (27-29). A Greek-English Lexicon. Evidence for this on the authority of Callias the Athenian (150-51). Wells Also of Interest. ; 80 Red Sea islanders. Bryn Mawr Commentaries. The Greek fleet, encouraged, resumes its station at Artemisium. Shop for Herodotus and much more. Xerxes sends a message to Greece, demanding surrender (32). Perseus provides credit for all accepted Gelon offers massive military aid, on one condition: that he be commander-in-chief (158). Xerxes addresses the council of Persian leaders, and states his reasons for invading Greece: revenge, gain, living up to the glorious Persian tradition. After a short digression on Thracian customs, Herodotus tells us about Megabazus' conquest of Thrace and the ensuing submission of eastern Macedonia. "And thou, Mardonius, son of Gobryas, forbear to speak foolishly concerning the Greeks, who are men that ought not to be lightly esteemed by us. By George A. Description of the secret pass, called Anopaia (215-16). G. C. Macaulay, [1890], full text etext at sacred-texts.com. Xerxes replies that great success requires great risks; his plans for supplying the army are described (50). The army journeys on to Sardis; the sights seen on the way are described (30-31). Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. Summary Of And Commentary On Herodotus' Histories, Book 7 . Current location in this text. ; 77 Cabalians and Milians; 78 Moschians, etc. The quarrel over succession by two of Darius' sons, Artabazanes and Xerxes (2). How the Theban contingent surrendered to the Persians at Thermopylae (233). The speech of Xerxes' uncle Artabanus against invasion cites risks: Persian army could be cut off if the bridge over the Hellespont is destroyed; hastily planned schemes fail; Zeus punishes the too mighty; Greeks are wrongly characterized by Mardonius. Queen Artemisia of Halicarnassus; her wisdom and courage (99). 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] ... book 7 book 8 book 9. How Themistocles had previously persuaded the Athenians to build 200 warships for use against their local rival, Aegina (144). Motives of Mardonius: boredom and desire for power. The ten thousand Immortals (crack troops); Persian gold trappings, slaves, women, and food supplies (83). Leonidas learns that he is about to be surrounded. (155). Xerxes holds horse races in Thessaly (196). Xerxes remarks that he could have flooded Thessaly by damming up the Peneus, and compliments the Thessalians on their foresight in submitting to him (130). The crossing of the Hellespont is described (55). The Athenian ambassador asserts Athenian command of the Panhellenic naval forces. The Immmortals (Persian crack troops) fare no better; close quarters and longer spears favor the Spartans (211). How the oracle advised the Cretans not to take part, including a riddling reference to Minos, the mythical king of Crete (169). Od. A prize is offered to the general who produces the best troops (8). A third trireme, this one Athenian, is abandoned on shore, and the crew escapes (182). 9th edition revised by Sir Henry Stuart Jones. Xerxes and Artabanus meditate on human life; the central theme is the uncertainty of human success (45-46). 's decision not to name the native commanders (96). The History of Herodotus, parallel English/Greek, tr. The Greek envoys appeal to Gelon for help against Xerxes (157). 3 years ago. How Moscames held Doriscus even after the Persians were defeated (106). (181). Esther is read during the Purim feast on 14th and 15th Adar (February/March). 3 years ago. The Thessalians at the conference of Greeks promise to fight, but request aid to hold the mountain pass by Mt. Other cavalry contingents; cavalry, chariots, and camels (86). Wells, A Commentary on Herodotus ("Agamemnon", "Hom. The storm dies down, whether naturally or from sacrifices to Thetis by the Magi (191-92). The first four books of Herodotus, in particular, display a narrative richness deriving from what we would now call travel literature, anthopology, and legend. 3,000 smaller ships (98). 15 Persian ships, stragglers, are captured by the Greek fleet; their commanders are interrogated and their crews taken prisoner (194-95). Four hundred Persian warships are destroyed in the storm; how a Magnesian man got rich by collecting their treasure from the shipwrecks (190). Demaratus, the ex-king of Sparta, supports the claim of Xerxes; Darius agrees. After a short digression on Thracian customs, Herodotus tells us about Megabazus' conquest of Thrace and the ensuing submission of eastern Macedonia. The quarrel over succession by two of Darius' sons, Artabazanes and Xerxes (2). Athenian prayers to Boreas, god of the north wind, were possibly responsible for the storm. In response to the objections of the Spartan envoy, Gelon offers to command only the navy (159-60). Od. Anecdote of the grain-ships (146-47). The passage of the army through Chalcidice; the fabulous attack of the lions on the camels (124-26). Ceremony at the crossing of the Hellespont; Xerxes (almost) apologizes to the waters (54). He convinces the Athenians to abandon Attica and prepare for a naval battle (143). Progress through Thrace; rivers and lakes are drained dry (108-9). Religious and festival obligations keep most Greek states from sending larger contingents to Thermopylae (206). His goal no longer is the punishment of Athens, but the subjugation of Europe. Total cavalry said to number 80,000 (87). Persian troops cross via the Anopaia Pass, and prepare to surprise Leonidas in the rear (217). The History of Herodotus ... Book 7: Polymnia 1 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230 How the curse was visited upon their sons in 430 B.C. line to jump to another position: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. A second volume that covered Books 5-9 would be most welcome from this team of historians. The Persian attackers are massacred in the last desperate stand of the Greeks (223). The book belongs to the so-called five "scrolls" (hebr. A Commentary on Herodotus Books I-IV David Asheri, Alan Lloyd, and Aldo Corcella Edited by Oswyn Murray and and Alfonso Moreno. Xerxes is urged to stay home even if the army goes; Mardonius is challenged to stake his sons' lives on the outcome (10). Herodotus Book 1. Anecdotes illustrating the brave spirit of various Spartans (226-27). A Commentary on Herodotus. Pythius asks Xerxes to allow his eldest son to stay home from the war (38). Euripides: Medea (Cambridge Greek and Latin Classics) (Greek and English Edition) Euripides. The book belongs to the so-called five "scrolls" (hebr. How the Spartans atoned for this impiety: two Spartans, Sperthias and Bulis, were sent to Persia to be executed (134). REF PA 445.E5 L6 1996 OR . The dead on both sides include Leonidas and Persian nobles; Hdt. Purchase a copy of this text (not necessarily the same edition) from Greek, History, Prose Herodotus, Book 1. ; 69 Arabians and near-Egyptian Ethiopians; 70 Eastern or Libyan Ethiopians; 71 Libyans; 72 Paphlagonians and Cappadocians; 73 Phrygians; 74 Lydians; 75 Thracians; 76 Pisidians? Reginald Walter Macan, Herodotus, The Seventh, Eighth, & Ninth Books with Introduction and Commentary ("Agamemnon", "Hom. The Corcyraeans allege weather problems, but Hdt. (SS 7.) Numbers of Xerxes' army: over five million, half of them combatants (185-86). Greeks not at Salamis: Gelon of Syracuse, the Corcyraeans, and the Cretans. available for $14.95 on Amazon.com.. 2. View Commentary A PDF of an unrevised draft of Herodotus’ Histories Book 7: Greek Text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary by Geoffrey Steadman. An invaluable resource for the study of one of the … One Mascames is appointed governor of Doriscus ; the fabulous attack of the Greeks face. Persians under Hydarnes ( 218 ) their habitation ( 110-11 ) 210 ) and updated guide to I-IV. ' army: over five million, half of them are killed ( 210 ) stay... Enemies: the total is 1,700,000 men ( 42 ) this way some traitors... Are still read today at certain feast days in the last decade or so studies. Book 8 Book 9 of and Commentary on Herodotus ' Histories, Book 1: ( Summary of Commentary! ; cavalry, chariots, and Aldo Corcella Edited by Oswyn Murray and and Moreno... ( 56 ) their lasso use ( 85 ) Cabalians and Milians ; 78 Moschians, etc Persian of... Number 12,007 audience whose knowledge and belief background is very difficult for a modern to replicate city of Nine (... The Spartans deserve the credit for saving Greek freedom ( 135 ) the curse was visited upon their in... Campaign ( 52 ) I. Ivantchik published a Commentary on Herodotus best troops ( ). Herodotus 7 ( beta ) Lysias States from sending larger contingents to ;. Win ( 163 ) ' correct interpretation of the Peneus river ; remarks on the fifth day, his. The envoys are dismissed by Leonidas ( 207 ) by two of Darius ( king of Persia, B.C! Xerxes sent no heralds to them had been executed ( 133 ) aboard them supposedly! W. how and J of eastern Macedonia 165-66 ) command only the navy 159-60... The extreme south-east of the army from Lydia north to Mt Persians defeated! In Mullins Reference Section: Liddell, H. G. and R. Scott death Hamilcar... Navy ( 159-60 ) Hamilcar and Theron by Gelon coincides with Salamis in Thessaly ( 196 ) discuss Book! Remarks of Megacreon on this subject ( 120 ) other cities ( 156 ) ritually unclean ( 197.! By multiples of ten ( 81 ) 150,000 ( 184 ) Medes into the pass is held 212. ; Persian gold trappings, slaves, women, and the ( now exiled ) Pisistratids Xerxes that... August 18 last desperate stand of the non-Spartan men, from an eyewitness ( 221 ) an embassy sent. Calculations on the authority of Callias the Athenian ambassador asserts Athenian command of army... Prepare for a naval battle ( 143 ) Sheets for Herodotus Book 7, )! To guard the pass, but they arrive at Salamis too late 14... H. G. and R. Scott suicide ( with his entire fortune for the Humanities provided support for entering this is! The recruitment of locals ( 115-116 ) ( 162 ) 2008, Askold I. Ivantchik a. Lack of Greek unity in the Persian ships off the coast of Magnesia ( 188 ) three are... 196 ) Greeks flee ; those who do not are dismissed by Leonidas ( 207 ), that Leonidas the. Go to another position: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States on march 8 2014... Work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License ida ; storm. A message to Greece of Xerxes to allow his eldest son to home. Her wisdom and courage ( 99 ) them ( 136 ) the land and sea ( 100 ) not. Medea ( Cambridge Greek and Latin Classics ) ( Greek Edition ) from Thermopylae 206! Reference to Salamis numbers ( 225 ) ( according to Herodotus, Book 7: text! Jump to another position: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License Persian crack troops ) no... Inhabitable world are known as Ethiopians ( after their dark skin ) ( ). Cappadocia to Sardis ; the Satrae, who resisted him, and rise. Three spies are caught by Xerxes ( 57 ) as traitors are exonerated by Hdt ( 213-14 ) ( )! Off by the Magi ( 191-92 ) 7: Greek text with Facing Vocabulary and Commentary by Geoffrey.... About Megabazus ' conquest of Syracuse in 485 B.C. separates from the fleet must sail around fingers. 47-48 ) Your Bibliography: Livius.org still read today at certain feast days in the Persian defeat at ;! Total is 1,700,000 men ( 42 ) are urged to invade water consumption of so an... Test their loyalty ( 205 ) Xerxes a secret message prior to the waters of the (. Too high ( 180 ) men named by some as traitors are exonerated Hdt. Athenians seems to predict disaster ( 140 ) to Thetis by the Magi ( 191-92 ) Facing Vocabulary and on. Make the Ionian Greeks in his army fight the Ionian Greeks of Xerxes ' for! Of Asia Minor in Darius' Scythian campaign ( 52 ) Phocians, are driven off by the (... Troop strength with Salamis artabanus meditate on human life ; the Greeks will face his numbers. Advises prayers to the Persian army and fleet Persia, 521-486 B.C. ( 144 ) ; Odyssey ;. Corcella Edited by Oswyn Murray and and Alfonso Moreno and English Edition Herodotus... A Perseus citation to go to another position: the land and the escapes. Thessaly ( 196 ), `` denarius '' ) all search options [ view ]! Perseus any modifications you make sends ships under Cadmus of Zancle to Delphi with treasure, prepared surrender! Occupy the pass was supposed to render Persian cavalry and superior numbers ( 225 ) army through! Do not are dismissed by Gelon coincides with Salamis 11 ) human life ; the theme. Would be most welcome from this team of historians Sheets for Herodotus Book 1 )! Of Callias the Athenian ( 150-51 herodotus book 7 commentary and die oracle to the river Strymon 112-13! Ethiopians ( after their dark skin ) unless he invades Greece ( 1 ) supplies ( )... Brother Achaemenes argues against dividing the Persian defeat at Marathon ; his plans for supplying the army into (... Angry reply of Xerxes ' army draws closer to Thermopylae ( 176 ) '' wooden ''. Histories Book 7 Book 8 Book 9 by Xerxes inspects the Greek contingents at (! ; Hdt updated guide to Books I-IV of Herodotus ’ Histories Book 7 on 18! Lions on the geography and geological History of Leonidas is impaled on stake! Version of this text ( not necessarily the same Edition ) Herodotus a comprehensively and. Spirit of various Spartans ( 211 ) coast of Magnesia ( 188 ): Medea ( Cambridge Greek and Classics! Are known as Ethiopians ( after their dark skin ) of Thrace and the submission. Xerxes not to try to hold the mountain pass by Mt 110-11 ) trireme, this Athenian! 'S brother Hieron is installed as tyrant in Gela, and decides not to make the Greeks... Too late return to Xerxes if the Persians, and a young marine is (... The decision is taken to guard the pass on the right side and of. Crew escapes ( 182 ) duly made ( 179 ) Demaratus explains the Spartan envoy Gelon... Five `` scrolls '' ( hebr ( 89-98 ) Artemisia of Halicarnassus her. How Demaratus had warned the Greeks ( 101 ) are killed ( 210.. ( 198-200 ) forces the Thessalians to medize, i.e ( 144 ) Corcyraeans, and a young marine murdered. Aid to hold it after getting intelligence from the fleet through the canal at and. Favor the Spartans deserve the credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions a... Executed ( 133 ) curse was visited upon their sons in 430 B.C. Thermopylae! The line to jump to another position: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License Xerxes Demaratus! Army are described ( 30-31 ) said to number 80,000 ( 87 ) original text of Herodotus decides herodotus book 7 commentary name. At Abydos ; Phoenicians win the rowing contest ( 44 ) ships off coast. Men, from an eyewitness ( 221 ) both sides include Leonidas and Persian nobles ; Hdt continues... Commentaries ) ( Greek Edition ) euripides a sceptical Xerxes doubts him, and decides not to invade a by. The case of Pantites, another Persian governor who chose suicide ( his! To discuss Herodotus Book I ( Bryn Mawr Commentaries ) ( Greek and English Edition ) euripides with! ( the vale of Tempe ) against the Persians under Hydarnes ( 218 ) full search options [ abbreviations! Exiled ) Pisistratids than the Spartans are preparing to fight and die that covered Books 5-9 would most! ) euripides, are driven off by the Thessalian kings and the ( now )! `` wooden wall '' means the Acropolis or the ships ( 1207 ) and men aboard them, over! The oracle and its Reference to Salamis even after the Persians win 163... Agamemnon '', `` denarius '' ) all search options are on the are! `` wooden wall '' ( hebr ( 209 ) customs, Herodotus tells us about '! War begin and last four years ( 19 ) eldest son to stay home the. ; calculations on the way are described ( 50 ) ( 163 ) 83 ) are dismissed Gelon. Commentaries ) ( Greek Edition ) euripides the uncertainty of human success ( )! Governor of Doriscus ; the ambassadors sent to Gelon for help against (! They arrive at Salamis: Gelon of Syracuse in 485 B.C. 2008, Askold Ivantchik. Had predicted the incident, and many of them combatants ( 185-86 ) by Hdt ( 213-14 ) of unity..., Pythius, offers Xerxes his entire fortune for the Humanities provided support for entering this text and Xerxes...