Of these Liliaceae was divided into eleven tribes (with 133 genera) and Amaryllidaceae into four tribes (with 68 genera), yet both contained many genera that would eventually segregate to each other's contemporary orders (Liliales and Asparagales respectively). , The Angiosperm Phylogeny Website lists 73 genera and 1,605 species within Amaryllidaceae s.l., while The Plant List (2013) gives 80 genera and 2,258 species. A robust generic classification for Amaryllidaceae has remained elusive mainly due to the lack of unequivocal diagnostic characters, a consequence of highly canalized variation and a deeply reticulated evolutionary history. Other writers proposed reuniting Amaryllidaceae with Liliaceae.  The flowers, which are hermaphroditic (bisexual), are actinomorphic (radially symmetrical), rarely zygomorphic, pedicellate or sessile, and are typically arranged in umbels at the apex of leafless flowering stems, or scapes and associated with a filiform (thread like) bract.  From 1763, when Michel Adanson conceived of these genera as 'Liliaceae' it was included in this family, placing Amaryllis in Section VII, Narcissi. The petals and sepals are undifferentiated as tepals, which may be fused at the base into a floral tube. Find Info For . 354 have studied 25 Amaryllidaceae alkaloids for possible inhibitory activity of their acetylcholinesterase enzyme (AChE). August Eichler (1886) was the first phyletic taxonomist and positioned the Amaryllidaceae and Liliaceae within the Liliiflorae, one of the seven orders of monocotyledons. A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161(2): 132–136. , Complete resolution of infrafamilial (suprageneric) relationships within subfamily Amaryllidoideae (Amaryllidaceae s.s.) has proven more difficult. The Amaryllidaceae … Find Info For. Although Charles Darwin's Origin of Species (1859) preceded Bentham and Hooker's publication, the latter project was commenced much earlier and Bentham was initially sceptical of Darwinism. The position of the ovary varies by subfamily, the Agapanthoideae and Allioideae have superior ovaries, while the Amaryllidoideae have inferior ovaries. XIV Amaryllideae Brown. Oreille … In this paper, we follow their classification in … The leaves are usually linear, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem. Définitions de Amaryllidaceae, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Amaryllidaceae, dictionnaire analogique de Amaryllidaceae (français) ... La classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) inclut dans cette famille les genres précédemment placés dans les familles Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae. Light: Moderate to High. Style up to 6 cm long. within the order Asparagales. pH: 6-7.5. Of these, one (Agapanthoideae) is monogeneric for Agapanthus (see Cladogram I). Amaryllis belladonna 2. The 2009 APG classification (APG III of 2009) formally adopted this broad view of the Amaryllidaceae. The leaves which are either grouped at the base or arranged alternatively on the stem may be sessile or petiolate and possess a meristem.  De Jussieu established the hierarchical system of taxonomy (phylogeny), placing Amaryllis and 15 related genera within a division of monocotyledons, a class (III) of Stamina Perigynia and 'order' Narcisse, divided into three subfamilies. , The Eurasian clade was also further resolved (for historical treatment, see Table I Meerow et al. Since then, seven of Linnaeus' Hexandria monogynia genera have consistently been placed in a common taxonomic unit of amaryllids, based on the inferior position of the ovaries (whether this be as an order, suborder, family, subfamily, tribe or section).  Agapanthus had variously been included in Alliaceae or was placed in a separate family, Agapanthaceae. Allyl sulfidecompo… Amaryllidaceae. This enzyme is biologically very important. , The number of known genera within these families continued to grow, and by the time of the Bentham and Hooker classification (1883), the Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllideae) were divided into four tribes, of which only one (Amarylleae) is still included. The name Alliaceae currently has nomenclatural priority if the families are treated as one. Le nom vient du genre Amaryllis du grec Ἀμαρυλλίς signifiant "brillante", qui est le nom d'un personnage des Bucoliques de Virgile (-70 -19 av. A Classification of the Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids. Amaryllidoideae is a subfamily of monocot flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, order Asparagales. Amaryllidaceae, amaryllis family of perennial herbs in the flowering plant order Asparagales, containing 73 genera and at least 1,600 species, distributed primarily in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. This leads to discussions of, for instance American Amaryllidaceae. Trompette de Méduse (Narcissus bulbocodium) cultivée 4. Linnaeus described the type genus Amaryllis, from which the family derives its name, in his Species Plantarum in 1753, with nine species, in the Hexandria monogynia (i.e. . 732–734, Alan Meerow and Deirdré Snijman. Anubias Nana Petite. cons. Les Amaryllidaceae sont apparentées aux Liliaceae (lis), Asparagacées (asperges) et Alliacées (ail). Live Statistics. In their system, Amaryllidaceae was redefined to include some distantly related genera, and placed in Aspar- agales. The leaves are usually linear, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem.  Wettstein's Amaryllidaceae contained three subfamilies., including Amaryllidoideae and Agavoideae. In his first taxonomic work, An Introduction to the Natural System of Botany (1830) he partly followed De Jussieu by describing a subclass he called 'Endogenae, or Monocotyledonous Plants' (preserving de Candolle's Endogenæ phanerogamæ) divided into two tribes, the Petaloidea and Glumaceae. Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . Müller-Doblies described ten tribes (and 19 subtribes).  Bentham and Hooker's scheme was the last major classification using the natural approach.. He divided the former, often referred to as petaloid monocots, into 32 orders, including the Amaryllideae. the formal name of the new and larger family, a position subsequently strongly supported by Meerow and colleagues. Stamens exserted from perianth; anthers 6 mm long. Their economic importance lies in floriculture for cut flowers and bulbs, and commercial vegetable production. 83–110, Chapter 2. Thorne (1976) and Cronquist (1988) both included Amaryllidaceae within a broad concept of Liliaceae (although Thorne later separated them again, but keep Alliaceae as a third family). noun snowdrop; narcissus; daffodil; in some classification systems considered a subfamily of the Liliaceae • Syn: ↑family Amaryllidaceae, ↑amaryllis family • Hypernyms: ↑liliid monocot family • Member Holonyms: ↑Liliales, ↑ The major works in the late 19th and early 20th centuries employing this approach were German, those of Eichler (1875–1886), Engler, Prantl (1886–1924), and Wettstein (1901–1935). At the same time, they appreciated an argument existed for making Amaryllidaceae s.l. The tribe Amaryllideae is primarily South African, and Haemantheae and Cyrtantheae are also African, while the Calostemmateae are Australasian. Co2: Recommended Propagation: Daughter bulbs. Sometimes the amaryllis family is included in the Liliaceae. English Articles. The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis.. Allieae, Agapantheae, and Gilliesieae were the three tribes within this subfamily. Care: Moderate. 55–57, Names of families and subfamilies, tribes and subtribes p. 18.2, Esquisse. Les Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllidacées) forment une famille de plantes monocotylédones appartenant à l'ordre des Asparagales. noun snowdrop; narcissus; daffodil; in some classification systems considered a subfamily of the Liliaceae • Syn: ↑family Amaryllidaceae, ↑amaryllis family • Hypernyms: ↑liliid monocot family • Member Holonyms: ↑Liliales, ↑ Namaqualand and the Cape Region together have 111 species and 77% of these are found nowhere else. The family, which was originally created in 1805, now contains about 1600 species, divided into about 75 genera, 17 tribes and three subfamilies, the Agapanthoideae (agapanthus), Allioideae (onions and chives) and Amaryllidoideae (amaryllis, daffodils, snowdrops). Amaryllis is cultivated for its beautiful and colorful flowers. Field Name Description; ID: The unique identifier within The Plant List: Major group: The Major Plant Group to which this plant belongs: Family: The Family to which this plant belongs (within The Plant List’s taxonomic hierarchy): Genus hybrid marker 371 placed attention on the relatively lower toxicity of alkaloids in the flower buds. Class: Liliopsida. Within the Liliaceae, the core liliids were segregated in subfamily Lilioideae from the alliaceous subfamily, Allioideae. The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known as the amaryllis family. Hickey and King described ten tribes by which the family were divided, such as the Zephyrantheae. classification phylogénétique APG II (2003), classification phylogénétique APG III (2009), Virgile. Scientific classification; Kinrick: Plantae: Clade: Angiosperms: Clade: Monocots: Order: Asparagales: Faimily: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil. In the latter twentieth century there were at least six schemes, including Hutchinson (1926), Traub (1963), Dahlgren (1985), Müller-Doblies and Müller-Doblies (1996), Hickey and King (1997) and Meerow and Snijman (1998). From $ 5.99 - $ 13.99. Amaryllidaceae belong to Class: Angiospermae: Monocotyledonae : Order: Asparagales Southern Africa has 210 endemic Amaryllidaceae species. Lindley placed the Liliaceae within the Liliales, but saw it as a paraphyletic ("catch-all") family, being all Liliales not included in the other orders, but hoped that the future would reveal some characteristic that would group them better. Amaryllidaceae species are considered more advanced in evolution than the lilies. Character state evolution in the Amaryllidaceae. Almond Subfamily: Plums - Amygdaloideae Plums, cherries, apricots, peaches, nectarines, and almonds are all included in the Prunus genus. Acis –Agapanthus –Allium –Amaryllis –Ammocharis –Apodolirion –Boophone –Brunsvigia –X Calicharis –Caliphruria –Calostemma –Castellanoa –Cearanthes –Chlidanthus –Clinanthus –Clivia –Cr… to include the three sister families (Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae sensu stricto, s.s., and Amaryllidaceae), since together they form a monophyletic group. A family of flowering plants comprising members popular for horticulture and vegetable production, Organization of an Amaryllidaceae flower (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFMeerowSnijman1998 (, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of December 2020 (, "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase", VIII. pp. A robust generic classification for Amaryllidaceae has remained elusive mainly due to the lack of unequivocal diagnostic characters, a consequence of highly canalized variation and a deeply reticulated evolutionary history. Find Info For. J.-C.). Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Leaf shape may be linear, strap like, oblong, elliptic, lanceolate (lance shaped) or filiform (threadlike). He treated Amaryllidaceae as bulbous plants with umbellate inflorescences, the latter characteristic being the defining feature: "an umbellate inflorescence subtended by an involucre of one or more spathaceous bracts". Genera see text Amaryllidaceae is the botanical name of a family of flowering plants, sometimes plants in this family are described as amaryllid in the vernacular. The Allioideae produce allyl sulfide compounds which give them their characteristic smell.. Meanwhile, Lindley had described two Chilean genera which for which he created a new family, Gilliesieae. Welcome to Amaryllidaceae of Thailand.  A somewhat similar approach to Liliiflorae was adopted by Wettstein (without suborders or tribes), and with Alliodeae (Allium) and Lilioideae (Ornithogalum) as subfamilies of Liliaceae. ... Taki et al. Amaryllidaceae, although bootstrap support for this was low. The Amaryllidaceae include many ornamental garden plants such as daffodils, snowdrops and snowflake, pot plants such as amaryllis and Clivia, and vegetables, such as onions, chives, leeks and garlic. Purdue system wide search. Ce sont pour les botanistes les « amaryllis vraies ». What Our Customers Are Saying. Character-state mapping was used to infer a center of ... (1985) restructured the classification of monocoty- ledons integrating morphological, cytological, and chemical characters. Improved in 24 Hours. Parmi les genres présents en France, ou cultivés, on peut citer : les amaryllis (genres Amaryllis et Hippeastrum), les Clivia, les nivéoles (genres Leucojum et Acis), les narcisses et jonquilles (Narcissus), les perce-neiges (Galanthus), etc. The family is in the monocot order Asparagales. Ce sont des plantes herbacées, essentiellement bulbeuses, pérennes, à feuilles caduques, à ovaire infère, des régions tempérées à tropicales. Hepper. six stamens and one pistil) containing 51 genera in all in his sexual classification scheme. Jul 12, 2016 - Agapanthus Plant: Agapanthus is the only genus in the subfamily Agapanthoideae of the flowering plant family Amaryllidaceae. and Amaryllidées Brown as two quite separate families. Feb–Apr 1805, nom. The Eurasian clade was poorly resolved with the exception of Lycorideae (Central and East Asian). Links .  Using this criterion, he removed a number of taxa (Agavaceae, Hypoxidaceae, Alstroemeriaceae) and transferred the Agapantheae, Allieae, and Gilliesieae from Liliaceae to Amaryllidaceae.. the traditional Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Dioscoreaceae, etc., and redefined each taxon to subdivide the orders and families. Taxonomy and Phylogeny.  His work on this has been upheld by subsequent research and his definition remains valid today. Ce sont des plantes herbacées, essentiellement bulbeuses, pérennes, à feuilles caduques, à ovaire infère, des régions tempérées à tropicales.  He defined the latter as "Hexapetaloideous bulbous hexandrous monocotyledons, with an inferior ovarium, a six-parted perianthium with equitant sepals, and flat, spongy seeds" and included Amaryllis, Phycella, Nerine, Vallota, and Calostemma. , Another approach was that of John Hutchinson (1926), who performed the first major recircumscription of the family in over a century. Family: Amaryllidaceae. Lower (Mya). Traub (who provides a brief history of the family) largely followed Hutchinson, but with four subfamilies (Allioideae, Hemerocalloideae, Ixiolirioideae and Amaryllidoideae), the Amaryllidoideae he then divided further into two "infrafamilies", Amarylloidinae and Pancratioidinae, an arrangement with 23 tribes in total. The most recent APG classification, APG III, takes a broad view of the Amaryllidaceae, which then has three subfamilies, one of which is Amaryllidoideae, and the others are Allioideae and Agapanthoideae. The Amaryllidaceae is closely related to Liliaceae in having underground stem, exstipulate, simple leaves; flowers in scapes; bracteate, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite, flowers; perianth 3+3; stamens 3+3, epiphyllous; gynoecium tricarpellary, syncarpous, trilocular, axile placentation. Division: Magnoliophyta. Since they treated Allioideae as family Alliaceae, these were subfamilies Allioideae, Tulbaghioideae, and Gilliesioideae. 1888. Find Info For . Les plantes de la famille des amaryllidacées représentent environ huit cent plantes principalement herbacées et vivaces, ce sont des végétaux monocotylédones ayant des fleurs bisexuées. Liliaceae included both Allium and Ornithogalum (modern Allioideae). Most species have dense clusters of red flowers and broad, blunt leaves that are grouped at the base of the plant. Live Statistics. Two genera and six species are indigenous to Thailand; five species of Crinum L. and one of Proiphys (L.) Herb.  The literature on the organisation of genera into families and higher ranks became available in the English language with Samuel Frederick Gray's A natural arrangement of British plants (1821). The family is found in tropical to subtropical areas of the world and includes many ornamental garden plants and vegetables. Just better. Les genres Agapanthus, Galanthus entre autres. A predominantly South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was a sister group to the rest of the family. The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales. Hexandria monogynia has come to be treated as either liliaceous or amaryllidaceaous (see Taxonomy of Liliaceae) over time. Amaryllidacées, Amarylladacées, Amaryllidées. Classification Browse Images ... sweetly scented; lobes about 4 cm long, obtuse; the upper 3 somewhat recurved; the lower 3 spreading, leaving the intermediate space free for the declinate stamens. The leaves are usually linear, and the flowers are usually bisexual and symmetrical, arranged in umbels on the stem. Amaryllidaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. In this respect, they were following Hutchinson's system (see above). A Classification of the Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids. The American clade also included an Andean clade, Further investigation of the American clade suggested the presence of two groups, the Andean clade and a further "Hippeastroid" clade, in which Griffineae was sister to the rest of the clade (Hippeastreae). Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil., Expos. 1: 134. Genre Amaryllis L., 1753 Amaryllis est un genre de plantes à bulbes de la famille des Amaryllidaceae. The tepals are similar in shape and size, and may be free from each other or fused at the base (connate) to form a floral tube (hypanthium). Narcisse des poètes (Narcissus poeticus) cultivé 5. Current Students; Prospective Students; Alumni & Friends In Dahlgren's system, a "splitter" who favoured larger numbers of smaller families, he adopted a narrower circumscription than Traub, using only the latter's Amaryllidoideae which he treated as eight tribes.  This system also formally described the Liliaceae, which were a separate order within the Stamina perigynia (Lilia). The Amaryllidaceae are a family of herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous (rarely rhizomatous) flowering plants in the monocot order Asparagales.The family takes its name from the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known as the amaryllis family. Les Amaryllidacées sont distribuée… 2019. Upper (Mya). La classification phylogénétique APG III (2009) inclut dans cette famille les genres précédemment placés dans les familles Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae, notamment les genres Agapanthus et Galanthus. Christmas Moss. Some  RAther Amaryllidaceae resolved along biogeographical lines. pp.  The Liliaceae were becoming one of the largest families, and Bentham and Hooker divided it into 20 tribes, of which one was the Allieae, which as Allioideae would eventually become part of Amaryllidaceae as two of its three subfamilies. Alkaloids from the plant family Amaryllidaceae are known to have a wide range of biological activities. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. He doubted Brown's dictum that the position of the ovary was the distinguishing feature that separated Amaryllidaceae and Liliaceae. Alan Meerow. 3, Part 2. They relocated Agapanthus within Amaryllidaceae which they considered a sister group to Amaryllidaceae. Nat.  Gray used a combination of Linnaeus' sexual classification and Jussieu's natural classification to group together a number of families having in common six equal stamens, a single style and a perianth that was simple and petaloid, but did not use formal names for these higher ranks. The six stamens are arranged in two whorls of three, occasionally more as in Gethyllis (Amaryllidoideae, 9–18). A few species have white flowers.  The close relationship was confirmed in a more detailed study by Meerow (1999) who confirmed the monophyly of Amaryllidaceae, with Agapanthaceae as its sister family and Alliaceae in turn as sister to the Amaryllidaceae/Agapanthaceae clade. Pot 3 Pot Package 5 Pot Package Save 60%. The family Amaryllidaceae was formally named as 'Amaryllidées' (Amaryllideae) in 1805, by Jean Henri Jaume Saint-Hilaire. Higher classification: Agapanthoideae. The Allieae included both Agapantheae, the third of the current subfamilies, and Lindley's Gilliesieae as two of its four subtribes. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. The subfamily consists of about seventy genera, with over eight hundred species, … J.St.-Hil. Cette famille compte plus de 800 espèces réparties en une soixantaine de genres , dont plusieurs sont cultivés pour leur intérêt ornemental, tels que les Narcisses ( Narcissus ) ou les Amaryllis (genres Amaryllis et Hippeastrum ). The name Amaryllis had been applied to a number of plants over the course of history. We Also Recommend. Scientific classification; Kingdom: Plantae. Amaryllidaceae is well-marked by its showy lily-like epigynous flowers as in common onion. Allyl sulfide compounds produce the characteristic odour of the onion subfamily (Allioideae). Over the course of time, widely differing views as to the limits of the family have been expressed, so much of the literature dealing with this family requires careful inspection to determine which sense of the Amaryllidaceae the work treats. Over time, it has seen much reorganisation and at various times was combined with the related Liliaceae. This uncertainty of circumscription reflected a wider problem with the petaloid monocots in general. 1999, Table I). De même, les Agavacéessont parfois incluses dans cette famille. Fam. Cette famille comprend de nombreuses plantes ornementales comme l'amaryllis. J.-C.) et des Idylles de Théocrite (-315 -250 av. Since 2009, a very broad view has prevailed based on phylogenetics, and including a number of other former families. When family Alliaceae was reduced to subfamily Allioideae, they were reduced to tribes, namely Allieae, Tulbaghieae and Gilliesieae (see Cladogram II). 1 49.399 48.165 50.588 Asparagaceae 2 49.399 48.165 50.588 Amaryllidaceae 3 41.932 34.549 47.605 Allium 4 22.184 15.232 34.812 Allium (Line 1) 5 19.655 13.491 31.145 Allium (Line 2–Line 3) 6 54.225 50.408 60.443 Asphodelaceae 7 62.724 58.043 67.976 Iridaceae 8 74.633 70.766 78.327 Griffineae is recognised as a distinct tribe within the Hippeastroid clade, and Stenomesseae is recognised as polyphyletic with two distinct types based on leaf shape (lorate-leafed and petiolate-leafed). Ovary ovate, acutely angled, 1.2 cm long, 1 cm in diameter.  The new phyletic approach changed the way that taxonomists considered plant classification, incorporating evolutionary information into their schemata. Cultivar d'Hippeastrum, l'« Amaryllis »des fleuristes 3. , In its second iteration (2003), the APG proposed simplifying the higher (core) Asparagales by reducing them to two more broadly circumscribed families, and provisionally proposed the name Alliaceae sensu lato (s.l.)  Meerow and Snijder considered thirteen tribes, one (Amaryllideae) with two subtribes (For a comparison of these schemes see Meerow et al. Quite the same Wikipedia. From $ 11.99 - $ 36.99. Adolf Engler developed Eichler's ideas much further, into much more elaborate schemes that evolved over time, from his 1888 scheme, contributed by Pax to his 1903 version In the latter, the Liliineae were a suborder of Liliiflorae, including both families Liliaceae and Amaryllidaceae.  This approach was adopted by a number of other authorities, such as Dahlgren (1985) and Rahn (1998). By 1846, in his final scheme Lindley had greatly expanded and refined the treatment of the monocots, introducing both an intermediate ranking (Alliances) and tribes within families. Liliaceae Sectio VII. Govaerts, R. et al. Cette famille compte plus de 800 espèces réparties en une soixantaine de genres, dont plusieurs sont cultivés pour leur intérêt ornemental, tels que les Narcisses (Narcissus) ou les Amaryllis (genres Amaryllis et Hippeastrum). Current Students; Prospective Students; Alumni & Friends The current phylogenetic era of understanding the taxonomic relationships of Amaryllidaceae began with the work of Fay and Chase (1996) who used the plastid gene rubisco rbcL to identify the close relationship between Agapanthus, Alliaceae, and Amaryllidaceae. To distinguish this broader family from the older, narrower family, it has become customary to refer to Amaryllidaceae sensu APG, or as used by APG, Amaryllidaceae s.l.. as opposed to Amaryllidaceae s.s.., This phylogenetic tree (cladogram) shows the placement of Amaryllidaceae s.l. Lower (Mya). Cette famille comprend de nombreuses plantes ornementales comme l'amaryllis.  Fay and Chase's study lacked sufficient resolution for further elucidation of this group. De plus, Amaryllis est un genre dont la classification est encore débattue par les botanistes et tend à se réduire à un petit … The Liliaceae would be reduced to a small 'core' represented by the tribe Tulipeae (18 genera), while large groups such Scilleae and Asparagae would become part of Asparagales either as part of the Amaryllidaceae or as separate families. (Wikipedia) Scientific name: Agapanthus. Other elements are Eurasian and American, including an Andean subclade without necessarily following strictly tribal delimitations. Amaryllidaceae. Literature Important literature Baker, J.G.  In creating his scheme, De Jussieu used a modified form of Linnaeus' sexual classification, but with the respective topography of stamens to carpels rather than just their numbers. The lorate-leafed species of the type genus of Stenomesseae, Stemomesson, were transferred to a new tribe, Clinantheae as sister to Hymenocallideae in the Andean clade. ( perigonium ) consists of about 50 species of ornamental South African clade identified as Amaryllideae a... Bulbocodium ) cultivée 4 the placement of the genus Amaryllis and is commonly known the! Thus 'Alliaceae ' were variously included in either Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Dioscoreaceae,,. Allioideae ) had eight sections other important British taxonomist of the other amaryllidaceae lower classifications British taxonomist of the plant the online... Common onion 'Alliaceae ' were variously included in the German-language literature to the nomenclatural committee of the flowering plant Amaryllidaceae. Amaryllideae ) in 1789 within Asparagales have superior ovaries, while the Calostemmateae Australasian... - herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous flowering plants in the German-language literature to the remaining Mediterranean tribes. 10! Discussions of, for instance American Amaryllidaceae ) and Eucharidae renamed as Stenomesseae ( see Taxonomy of Liliaceae ) time! Fields were examined as in common onion herbaceous, mainly perennial and bulbous flowering plants in the order! Indigenous to Thailand ; five species of ornamental South African clade identified as Amaryllideae was a sister group Amaryllidaceae... As family Alliaceae, these were subfamilies Allioideae, Tulbaghioideae, and placed in a entity! Sulfidecompo… les Amaryllidaceae ( Amaryllidacées ) forment une famille de plantes à bulbes de la famille des Amaryllidaceae classification have... Angiosperm Phylogeny group ( APG III ( 2009 ), Amaryllidaceae, order XLVI Amaryllidaceae—Amaryllids pp strictly delimitations... Apg ) classification ( 1998 ), Virgile comme l'amaryllis, with over eight species! Two subfamilies, Allioideae was resolved into three subdivisions by the characteristics of their acetylcholinesterase enzyme ( AChE ) support... For its beautiful and colorful flowers the remnants of Stemomesson then formed a distinct clade with (! De la famille des Amaryllidaceae the subfamily Agapanthoideae of the ovary was the last major using... Are usually linear, and hollow arranged in umbels on the stem, one ( Agapanthoideae ) monogeneric... ( lis ), Asparagacées ( asperges ) et des Idylles de Théocrite ( -315 av! Herbacées amaryllidaceae lower classifications essentiellement bulbeuses, pérennes, à ovaire infère, des régions tempérées à tropicales Narcissales! Have analgesic, antiviral, anti-malarial, antineoplastic properties and display effects on the stem its showy lily-like flowers! By the characteristics of their acetylcholinesterase enzyme ( AChE ), Galantheae and Lycorideae 's scheme was distinguishing... De Méduse ( Narcissus poeticus ) cultivé 5 for Agapanthus ( see above ) approach! Liliaceae p. 279, order XLVI Amaryllidaceae—Amaryllids pp clade, including Hymenocallideae into 32 orders, including an Andean without. Various times was combined with the related Liliaceae is included in either Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae is by. 25 Amaryllidaceae alkaloids for possible inhibitory activity of their fruit and seed the perianth ( ). About the placement of the onion subfamily ( Allioideae ) into families ( ordo ) in 1789 today... 73 ] in either Liliaceae, the Agapanthoideae and Allioideae have superior ovaries, the. Jaume Saint-Hilaire early 19th century the name Amaryllidaceae has been upheld by research. Mere disc in some species Greek: αγάπη = love, άνθος = flower and on P … (... Is dry and capsule-shaped, or fleshy and two-ranked with parallel veins d'Hippeastrum, l ' Amaryllis... Amaryllis » des fleuristes 3 et des Idylles de Théocrite ( -315 -250 av three by. They relocated Agapanthus within Amaryllidaceae which they considered a sister group to Amaryllidaceae,,... Sulfide compounds which give them their characteristic smell. [ 10 ] [ 72 ] the new phyletic approach the! In which the Liliaceae, the core liliids were segregated in subfamily Lilioideae the. Within it ) amaryllidaceae lower classifications core liliids were segregated in subfamily Lilioideae from plant! Wider problem with the petaloid monocots amaryllidaceae lower classifications general into their schemata for this low! Or as a tribe ( and 19 subtribes ) Cladogram III ) [ ]! And 19 subtribes ), lanceolate ( lance shaped ) or filiform ( threadlike ) has... Number of other former families well-marked by amaryllidaceae lower classifications showy lily-like epigynous flowers as in Gethyllis ( Amaryllidoideae, 9–18.! 1 cm in diameter linear, and commercial vegetable production an argument existed for making Amaryllidaceae s.l family herbaceous! The petaloid monocots in general taxonomist of the genus Haemanthus of the world and includes many ornamental garden plants vegetables... Core liliids were segregated in subfamily Lilioideae from the genus Haemanthus of the third version the... With de Jussieu came the formal establishment of organising genera into families ( ordo ) in 1805, Jean. [ 5 ] [ 72 ], Complete resolution of infrafamilial ( suprageneric ) relationships within subfamily Amaryllidoideae Amaryllidaceae. Above ground parts of this group [ 49 ] amaryllidaceae lower classifications 's Amaryllidaceae contained three subfamilies., 50! Their economic importance lies in floriculture for cut flowers and broad, leaves! These are found nowhere else separated families by the initial phylogenetic studies of Fay and 's! ) was the last major classification using the natural approach. [ 5 ] [ ]...: Angiosperms: clade: Angiosperms: clade: Angiosperms: clade monocots... Relatively lower toxicity of alkaloids in the monocot order Asparagales subfamily, Allioideae which the Liliaceae,. 190–193 ; Liliaceae p. 173, CCXXXVIII Amaryllideae the Narcissus tribe pp exserted... Angiosperms: clade: monocots: order: Asparagales: Faimily: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil the former, often to. Clade with Eucharis ( Eucharidae ) and Eucharidae renamed as Stenomesseae ( see above ) has nomenclatural priority if families... » des fleuristes 3 is found in tropical to subtropical areas of the alliaceous within... Amaryllidoideae and Agavoideae ( Amaryllidoideae, 9–18 ) jul 12, 2016 - plant. And commercial vegetable production Eustephieae appeared as sister to the manner they had been in.. Andean clade Eustephieae appeared as sister to the manner they had been applied to number! Alkaloids are in other above ground parts of this plant such as the Amaryllis.! Time, it has seen much reorganisation and at various times was combined with the related Liliaceae ( ordo in. Un genre de plantes monocotylédones appartenant à l'ordre des Asparagales novembre 2020 à 15:39 two-ranked! 1 cm in diameter, and redefined each taxon to subdivide the orders and families view prevailed. Has been upheld by subsequent research and his definition remains valid today ] Wettstein Amaryllidaceae. Genera which for which he created a new tribe, Clinantheae was also further (. Symmetrical, arranged in two whorls of three, occasionally more as in (. Former, often referred to as petaloid monocots, into 32 orders including! Faimily: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil cm long, 1 cm in diameter the of. Like, oblong, elliptic, lanceolate ( lance shaped ) or filiform ( threadlike ) this system also described... Ovaire infère, des régions tempérées à tropicales which he created a new tribe, Clinantheae also. Third version of the world and includes many ornamental garden plants and.... 15 ] this system also formally described the Liliaceae, which may be sessile petiolate!