In free flooding method water is applied to the land from field ditches without any check or guidance to the flow. 6.1. Let us take a look at the two most important methods. Modern irri gation is a synonym ous word to sprinkler a nd drip irrigation which is the irrigation m et hod usually used in new desert land with common sandy soil. This type of irrigation is most effective in areas with high water tables. It is a kind of surface irrigation. 1. Basins are flooded with water. Water flowing in the furrow into the soil spreads laterally to irrigate the area between furrows. Check out our resources for adapting to these times. At the nozzle Pressure head is converted to Velocity head. In this method of surface irrigation, water is applied to the field by furrow which are small canals having a continuous our nearly uniform slope in the direction of irrigation. Modern Methods of Irrigation SPRINKLER IRRIGATION DRIP IRRIGATION 7. This system is very labor intensive. This type can also lead to better irrigation of larger tracts of land. Small channels or furrows are created along the field length between crop rows. Soil wetting and salt leaching are the principal purposes of surface irrigation. … There are many types of irrigation systems that I would be including in the next paragraph. Join now. 1- Drip irrigation. This method can vary in different regions. The method is very clear from Fig. The human body contains about 70% water. Traditional methods are some thing we are following from our ancient times itself. Name the two types of modern method of irrigation Get the answers you need, now! Area of Land wetted depends on following factors i.e. About Certification; Certified Meter Installer & Validator . Gravity irrigation, also called surface irrigation, consists of the distribution of water through channels or furrows, which are arranged throughout the cultivation area. Center Pivot Irrigation Systems – This system is self-propelled, powered by water pressure, oil, or electricity. Water is an essential element for humans, animals, and trees. Right from seed germination to the proper growth of the crop, water is needed at all stages. In modern method there are two types: sprinkler system and drip irrigation system. Here, we will describe only modern irrigation methods. Main advantage of this method is that it is cheap but efficiency is poor because even distribution of water is not always possible. Actually, it cannot be considered as a method, as it is a common practice we have seen in our fields by our grand fathers or great grand fathers. Learn new and interesting things. Of the many types of irrigation systems that currently exist, drip irrigation systems are arguably the most popular, for several reasons. The type of irrigation technology used depends on the irrigation process being employed. Share yours for free! It can either come from wells/ surface water/ rivers/ lakes or ground waters or other unnamed sources. The land is surrounded with embankments in the form of a basin. These include information techniques, measurements, computer facilities, and canal control concepts. Types of Irrigation in India. … This method is the most inefficient method of irrigation as only about 20 to 25% of the water is actually used by plants or crops. Plants and trees contain 90% water for their survival. It is then sprayed into the air through sprinklers so that it breaks up into small water drops which fall to the ground. The Greeks, the Chinese, the Romans, etc. These are more efficient systems of irrigation that were invented in the recent decades. Irrigation water can come from various locations depends on the water link of that land. Top of Page. These help us use water economically without wastage. Membership Categories; Waterwise Programs; Training; Certification. Irrigation water can be pumped from rivers, lakes and wells or allowed to flow to the fields by the force of gravity along pipes or open canals. Ask your question. Agriculturists have stated that despite newer technologies like drip and sprinkler systems, furrow irrigation remains the best bet among both traditional and modern methods of irrigation. Drip System of Irrigation. Furrow irrigation. This method is used in areas where there is more scarcity of water and in high temperature regions, to maintain the humidity. 8. 2 Types of Modern Methods of Irrigation Systems By Riyo Posted on April 6, 2019. Get ideas for your own presentations. But benefits from these techniques have been slower than projected. In modern irrigation practice several flooding methods have been developed. Proper design of surface irrigation systems takes into account the soil type (texture and intake rate), slope, levelness of the field, stream size, and length of run. India is a hot country. ~ It is common to release the water to the field until the field is covered with water. View Modern Methods Of Irrigation PPTs online, safely and virus-free! Types of Irrigation Methods. The four methods of irrigation are: Surface; Sprinkler ; Drip/trickle; Subsurface; Surface irrigation consists of a broad class of irrigation methods in which water is distributed over the soil surface by gravity flow. Irrigation Methods – Flooding Irrigation Method: This type of irrigation method consists of opening a water channel in a field so that the water is allowed freely in all directions of land and cover the surface of the land in a continuous sheet kind. This type has multiple sub-types including corrugated, contour and sloppy furrow. There are 2 types of soil:- Sandy Soil Clayey Soil Sandy soil is highly permeable,water percolates down very fast,so plants are not able to get enough water,thus the crops cultivated in sandy soil require more water for irrigation Clayey soil,is less permeable,it can retain … Drip irrigation is the most efficient way of irrigation. Here, farmer pulls out water from wells or canals by himself or using cattle and carries to farming fields. Drip System of Irrigation. Irrigation by Gravity. Irrigation Methods The widely used methods of irrigation are surface, sprinkling, subirrigation, intrasoil, and mist irrigation. 1. There are two types of irrigation system namely traditional method and madern method. For more information on types of irrigation, visit the United States Geological Survey’s (USGS) Irrigation Methods External page. 2 Types of Modern Methods of Irrigation System By Riyo Posted on March 4, 2019. These help us use water economically without wastage. These are more efficient systems of irrigation that were invented in the recent decades. There are several modern methods of irrigation which are listed below Drip irrigation: The drip irrigation is the drop by drop emmision of water at the root zone of crop. It is a kind of surface irrigation. 1. These are as follows – Furrow – in case of furrow irrigation, water is made to flow through shallow channels which are evenly spaced out and at a slope to the field. SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHOD. Join now. In general, it is more labour intensive than other irrigation methods. The method and frequency of irrigation depends on the region you live in and weather patterns. Irrigation helps to grow agricultural crops, maintain landscapes, and revegetate disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of less than average rainfall. Log in. Irrigation in India: Types and Methods of Irrigation in India. Manual irrigation Water is distributed across land through manual labor and watering cans. SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHOD Water is distributed through a system of pipes usually by pumping. The Advantages of modern methods of irrigation are as follows- In this method, irrigation is done manually. Know the four methods of irrigation and the advantages and disadvantages of each with respect to different soil conditions and crop types. ~ Flooding Irrigation is the type of surface irrigation in which the soil is kept submerged & is thoroughly flooded with water. The process of Watering of agricultural plants and crops through artificially is called irrigation. SPRINKLER IRRIGATION Consists of a network of pipes and sprinklers spaced at suitable places. Many are downloadable. In this method, water is supplied to the field from source thorough pipes. We’ll be taking a closer look at two main types of irrigation: Traditional irrigation method; Modern irrigation method; Traditional irrigation method Flood irrigation method. July 2, 2020 May 12, 2020 by Manoranjan Sahoo. Basin irrigation. have utilized this form of irrigation to grow their crops. 1. Velocity of water Jet 2. The most commonly used method of irrigation these days is the drip method. Methods of Irrigation can be divided into two types : Traditional Methods; Modern Methods ; Traditional Methods. While there are many different types of irrigation in the modern world, all of them require two major components: a system to pump the water and another to distribute it. Flood irrigation has been around since the ancient years. It is used for crops which require a large amount of water to grow. Irrigation is the process of applying controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals. judges ‘Efficiency’ 1. Nowadays,tube wells are used for irrigation in agriculture. Types of Irrigation. ~ It is one of the most ancient irrigation methods of irrigation that is still used today. The two main modern methods of irrigation are: 1) Sprinkler system. The rate of lateral spread of water in the soil depends on soil type.i.e. Modern methods of irrigation. Let us take a look at the two most important methods. Stay safe and healthy. Dismiss Visit. Types of Irrigation; The History of Irrigation; MacLean-Iedema Award; Membership. Water is the most important requirement for agriculture. new irrigation technology and modern methods of irrigation will play an important part in the achievement of improved irrigation efficiency. The most commonly used method of irrigation these days is the drip method. Modern irrigation technology in the form of hardware and software techniques has made significant strides and contributions to system operations these years (Renault, 1998). In present times, it is the simplest and easiest method of irrigation. Before we discuss the most Modern and useful irrigation systems that you can use in your garden, ... Drip Irrigation Method involves the use of tubes or hoses that are connected from your main water pipe, and has small holes or nozzles in it that facilitates the tear-like water droplets. TYPES OF MODERN IRRIGATION SYSTEM SPRINKLER IRRIGATION METHOD DRIP IRRIGATION METHOD POT IRRIGATION METHOD 7. The water in these shallow channels are supplied through a variety of ways such as siphon, main ditch, gated pipe etc. This irrigation system is farther classified into three other types of modern methods of irrigation. May 9, 2019 - Find here some modern methods of irrigation and their benefits.Different methods of watering.Drip irrigation, Sprinkler irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, Pot irrigation system, Lateral moving irrigation and more ! If you live in a dry area, you may choose a permanent irrigation system, while if you get frequent rain, a supplemental system would be enough to help you out. Modern methods of irrigation. Log in. 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